Novel immersed boundary methods for thermal flow problems

C. Shu (Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore)
W.W. Ren (Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore)
W.M. Yang (Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Publication date: 4 January 2013

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present two efficient immersed boundary methods (IBM) for simulation of thermal flow problems. One method is for given temperature condition (Dirichlet type), while the other is for given heat flux condition (Neumann type). The methods are applied to simulate natural and mixed convection problems to check their performance. The comparison of present results with available data in the literature shows that the present methods can obtain accurate numerical results efficiently.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper presents two efficient IBM solvers, in which the effect of thermal boundary to its surrounding fluid is considered through the introduction of a heat source/sink term into the energy equation. One is the temperature correction‐based IBM developed for problems with given temperature on the wall. The other is heat flux correction‐based IBM for problems with given heat flux on the wall. Note that in this solver, the offset of derivative condition is directly used to correct the temperature field.

Findings

As compared with existing solvers, the temperature correction‐based IBM determines the heat source/sink implicitly instead of pre‐calculated explicitly, so that the boundary condition for temperature is accurately satisfied. To the best of the authors' knowledge, the work of heat flux correction‐based IBM is the first endeavour for application of IBM to solve thermal flow problems with Neumann (heat flux) boundary condition. It was found that both methods presented in this work can efficiently obtain accurate numerical results for thermal flow problems.

Originality/value

The two methods presented in this paper are novel. They can effectively solve thermal flow problems with Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions.

Keywords

Citation

Shu, C., Ren, W. and Yang, W. (2013), "Novel immersed boundary methods for thermal flow problems", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 23 No. 1, pp. 124-142. https://doi.org/10.1108/09615531311289141

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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