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Population balance models for subcooled boiling flows

M.K.M. Ho (Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Menai, Australia)
G.H. Yeoh (Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Menai, Australia)
J.Y. Tu (School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, RMIT University, Bundoora, Australia)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Publication date: 27 March 2008

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine both the population balance approach based on the MUltiple SIze Group (MUSIG) model and the average bubble number density transport equation (ABND) model for 3D, low pressure, gas‐liquid, subcooled boiling, vertical flows. The purpose is to assess the ability of both models to predict the radial profile of void fraction, bubble Sauter mean diameter and interfacial area concentration which characterise subcooled boiling.

Design/methodology/approach

Improvement in the ABND model to simulate gas‐liquid bubbly flows with heat transfer was achieved by combining the condensation expression with the gaseous mass transport equation within the CFD commercial code CFX4.4.

Findings

Overall, both the ABND model and the MUSIG model provided good results in terms of the above‐mentioned criteria when compared against experimental measurements. However, the ABND model was found to have limitations in predicting high‐subcooled boiling flows due to the lack of bubble size resolution to adequately capture the effect of condensation over a range of bubbles sizes.

Originality/value

It is shown that the ABND model provides an economic alternative to the MUSIG model in terms of complexity and computational time, as long as one is aware of the limitations in simulating high‐subcooling flow regimes.

Keywords

Citation

Ho, M.K.M., Yeoh, G.H. and Tu, J.Y. (2008), "Population balance models for subcooled boiling flows", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 18 No. 2, pp. 160-172. https://doi.org/10.1108/09615530810846310

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited