The surface of the textile fabrics is not absolutely flat and smooth. Its geometrical roughness within certain extents is considerable. The surface roughness influences the fabric hand and it plays a significant role in the end use of the fabric. In parallel, the periodic variations of the fabric surface level due to the regular interlaced patterns of the yarns cause a respective variation of the geometrical roughness measurement. Thus, the fabric roughness data measured using the Kawabata Evaluation System for Fabrics and imposed to a certain process of numerical calculations result into the retrieval of the structural parameters of the fabric. The principle of the method has a non‐destructive character and can be applied to woven or knitted fabrics.
Vassiliadis, S.G. and Provatidis, C.G. (2004), "Structural characterization of textile fabrics using surface roughness data", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 16 No. 5, pp. 445-457. https://doi.org/10.1108/09556220410554633
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