Describes issues relevant to multilevel systems and, as a particular case, living systems analysed from the entities point of view. As attributes, behaviours, sub‐systems, etc., entities are primitive terms. For this reason, in examining issues such as the influences between entities, look indirectly at issues referring to different levels in the system. This notion was also extended in considering the environment system and analysing the different relationships between the system and the environment system.
Lloret‐Climent, M. and Luis Bonnet‐Jerez, J. (2004), "A cybernetical analysis of entities in multilevel systems", Kybernetes, Vol. 33 No. 9/10, pp. 1510-1517. https://doi.org/10.1108/03684920410556098
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