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Market value, book value and earnings: is bank efficiency a missing link?

Bana Abuzayed (Bangor Business School, Bangor University, Bangor, UK)
Philip Molyneux (Bangor Business School, Bangor University, Bangor, UK)
Nedal Al‐Fayoumi (Department of Finance, Faculty of Business, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan)

Managerial Finance

ISSN: 0307-4358

Article publication date: 16 January 2009




This paper examines whether earnings and its components are relevant and sufficient to bridge the gap between banks' market and book values, and also considers if bank efficiency is “value relevant” for banks valuation.


This paper follows the value relevance literature methodology which tests for the difference between book and market values using a variety of indicators including net income and its components as well as bank efficiency (derived using DEA) and risk indicators. The regression models are estimated using OLS, random and fixed effects approaches for a sample of listed Jordanian banks between 1993 and 2004.


The main findings of this paper are twofold. First, it is found that earnings (and its components) are value relevant and explain the gap between market and book values. Secondly, cost efficiency, as an economic performance measure, provides incremental information, not contained directly in banks financial statements, to the market. Overall it is found that the components of net income are more important than aggregate net income in explaining bank value. Furthermore, bank operational efficiency adds incremental information in explaining the gap between market and book value. These results support the view that stock prices aggregate signals received by the market as well as from firm's accounting systems.

Practical implications

The study shows that bank efficiency indicators (along with more traditional accounting measures) help explain market values.


This is one of only a limited number of studies that link bank efficiency to market valuation. It is the first, we believe, to do this for banks operating in an emerging economy.



Abuzayed, B., Molyneux, P. and Al‐Fayoumi, N. (2009), "Market value, book value and earnings: is bank efficiency a missing link?", Managerial Finance, Vol. 35 No. 2, pp. 156-179.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2009, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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