This paper traces the evolution of (Catholic) church‐state relations from Nicaraguan independence through to 1998, showing how a symbiotic relationship has emerged whereby one makes recourse to the other in order to justify its existence and provide it with moral authority. This relationship, however, has been threatened on a number of occasions. First, by the advent of liberation theology during the Somoza period, second by the increasing secularisation of the FSLN regime during the 1980s. Recent years have seen the Catholic Church recapture its previous authoritative position in the national political arena, although increasing voter apathy and the growth of the Protestant Church movement could again threaten its position.
Thorpe, A. and Bennett, E. (2000), "Saint Mary of the Contra, Our Lady of Oliver North: Catholicism and the Nicaraguan State", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 27 No. 4, pp. 291-307. https://doi.org/10.1108/03068290010317154
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