Accurate 3D experimental particle trajectory data, acquired from a laboratory tumbling mill using bi‐planar X‐ray filming, are used to validate the discrete element method (DEM). Novel numerical characterisation techniques are presented that provide a basis for comparing the experimental and simulated charge behaviour. These techniques are based on fundamental conservation principles, and provide robust, new interpretations of charge behaviour that are free of operator bias. Two‐ and three‐dimensional DEM simulations of the experimental tumbling mill are performed, and the relative merits of each discussed. The results indicate that in its current form DEM can simulate some of the salient features of the tumbling mill charge, however, comparison with the experiment indicate that the technique requires refinement to adequately simulate all aspects of the system.
McBride, A., Govender, I., Powell, M. and Cloete, T. (2004), "Contributions to the experimental validation of the discrete element method applied to tumbling mills", Engineering Computations, Vol. 21 No. 2/3/4, pp. 119-136. https://doi.org/10.1108/02644400410519703Download as .RIS
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