It is currently difficult to measure temperature and pressure in harsh environments. Such measurements are limited by either the ability of the sensing element or the associated electrical wiring to withstand the operating environment. This is unfortunate as temperature and pressure are important measurands in various engineering structures as they provide critical information on the operating condition of the structure. Hence, there is a need to address this shortcoming. Such a sensor in place would enhance the operating efficiency thereby reducing the pollution burden and its impact on the environment. The purpose of this paper is to present theoretical and preliminary experimental results for a co‐integrated pressure and temperature sensor for harsh environments.
This work describes a co‐integrated pressure‐temperature wireless sensing scheme. The approach presented herein provides the possibility of measuring dynamic pressure and temperature within an enclosed volume using acoustic signals. Resonance tube physics is exploited for the temperature sensing. A microphone is used to obtain the acoustic signal whose frequency is a function of the temperature and the tube geometry.
The dynamic pressure is measured from the calibrated amplitude of the pressure wave signal measured by the microphone. The temperature can be measured through the shift of the standing wave frequency with a resolution of <1°C. The resonance tube can be fabricated using any material that resists harsh environments. The geometry of the tube can be tailored for any specific frequency range, as the application warrants. Also, this provides a means for accurate temperature compensation of pressure sensor data from high temperature environments. A Matlab/Simulink model is developed and presented for the acquisition of acoustic signals through the wall of an enclosed volume. For these applications the standing wave signal transmitted through the enclosure wall becomes a function of the wall material and wall thickness. Preliminary experimental results are presented in which a DC fan is used for generating the dynamic pressure in a varying temperature environment.
The major issue is the separation of the noise from the signal. As various applications yield specific signal noise, the problem needs detailed data to be addressed.
Temperature and dynamic pressure could be recorded/monitored in very harsh environment conditions such as chemical reactors.
This work demonstrates the possibility of employing a co‐integrated acoustic sensing scheme in which both pressure and temperature are measured simultaneously with a sole sensor. The major advantage with acoustic sensing is the wireless transmission of data. This allows for non‐invasive measurement from within enclosed systems. Direct real‐time temperature compensation is possible that does not require any compensation circuitry. Hence, pressure and temperature data may be obtained from caustic operating environments whose access is otherwise not feasible.
Leo, A., Rinaldi, G., Stiharu, I. and Bhat, R. (2012), "Wireless sensing using acoustic signals for measurement of dynamic pressure and temperature in harsh environment", Sensor Review, Vol. 32 No. 2, pp. 142-148. https://doi.org/10.1108/02602281211209437Download as .RIS
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