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Disability and the labour market: a review of the empirical evidence

Melanie K. Jones (Department of Economics, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, UK)

Journal of Economic Studies

ISSN: 0144-3585

Article publication date: 26 September 2008

4654

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to identify and draw together key themes in the literature relating to the impact of disability on labour market outcomes. In doing so it provides an overview of issues in estimation in empirical work relating to disability.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper reviews the existing international evidence relating to the impact of disability on labour market outcomes.

Findings

Regardless of country, data source or time period disability serves to reduce labour market prospects. Understanding the reasons for this requires consideration of issues such as separating discrimination from unobserved differences in productivity and preferences, the influence of heterogeneity within the disabled group and the dynamic effects of disability.

Practical implications

The paper also reviews recent evidence concerning the labour market impact of significant changes in legislation affecting the disabled, particularly the introduction of the Americans with Disabilities Act in the USA. This evidence is particularly useful to policymakers.

Originality/value

The paper provides a comprehensive review of the empirical evidence relating to the labour market impact of disability and the influence of recent changes in legislation.

Keywords

Citation

Jones, M.K. (2008), "Disability and the labour market: a review of the empirical evidence", Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 35 No. 5, pp. 405-424. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443580810903554

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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