Effectiveness of library practicum: perceptions of LIS graduates in Pakistan

Amara Malik (Department of Library and Information Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)
Kanwal Ameen (Department of Library and Information Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)

Library Review

ISSN: 0024-2535

Publication date: 7 September 2010



Library practicum is a supervised, hands‐on practice in various library functions. This paper aims to explore the effectiveness of library practicum in learning various professional skills through the perception of library information science (LIS) graduates.


Since this is a case study, multiple data collection techniques, i.e. a questionnaire survey (having both closed and open ended questions), and discussions with senior faculty members and observation (as a participant observer) are used to probe the real status. LIS graduates of PU sessions 2002‐2006 are identified as the population. The total number of the population is 367 and targeted sample is 118 graduates. Snowball sampling technique is used to reach them.


The findings reveal that well designed and well managed practicum plays a vital role in improving professional skills. Insufficient practicum duration, communication gap among three parties (students, external and internal supervisor), loose supervision and lack of focus on professional skills are the problems reported by LIS graduates.

Practical implications

As a study of the practical elements of studying library science, the paper should be of interest to practitioners.


This paper is the only evaluation of library practicum in Pakistan. The findings will be helpful in designing better and more effective library practicum programs in Pakistan as well as in other developing countries.



Malik, A. and Ameen, K. (2010), "Effectiveness of library practicum: perceptions of LIS graduates in Pakistan", Library Review, Vol. 59 No. 8, pp. 573-584. https://doi.org/10.1108/00242531011073100

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