The fast-developing processes of globalization, with increased political and economic interdependence, along with competition; regionalization dynamics revealing more localized ambitions and either constraining or advancing intentions and policies; and Europeanization as a particular dynamic related to the EU role as a global actor, applied to the Polish post-communist transition, constitute our vectors of analysis. This essay aims to address the simultaneously interconnected and heterogeneous responses of Polish post-communist course of change to global and regional processes, including European integration. In this line of research, we search for answers to how the linkages among globalization, regionalization, and Europeanization work in the case of Polish post-communist transition. This will be pursued through an analysis of the democratization course, mainly regarding political, institutional and social aspects, and economic integration. Despite elements of complementarity and resistance in the working relationships among the three concepts, which are highly debatable, we find they have substantial implications on Polish policy-making. These implications include adjustment and bargaining between demands and concessions, resulting in gains and losses, though despite the negative effects associated and acknowledged, the fact of Poland pursuing the course of integration in the EU reveals an equation of cost–benefit, in favor of the EU.
Raquel Freire, M. and Cierco, T. (2007), "Globalization, Regionalization, and Europeanization: Impact and Effects on Polish Policy-Making", Fábián, K. (Ed.) Globalization: Perspectives from Central and Eastern Europe (Contemporary Studies in Economic and Financial Analysis, Vol. 89), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 173-195. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1569-3759(07)89005-X
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