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Economic Freedom or Self-imposed Strife: Work–Life Conflict, Gender, and Self-Employment


ISBN: 978-0-76231-191-0, eISBN: 978-1-84950-336-5

Publication date: 1 July 2005


This paper uses a representative sample of U.S. workers to examine how self-employment may reduce work-life conflict. We find that self-employment prevents work from interfering with life (WIL), especially among women, but it heightens the tendency for life to interfere with work (LIW). We show that self-employment is connected to WIL and LIW by different causal mechanisms. The self-employed experience less WIL because they have more autonomy and control over the duration and timing of work. Working at home is the most important reason the self-employed experience more LIW than wage and salary workers.


Reynolds, J. and Renzulli, L.A. (2005), "Economic Freedom or Self-imposed Strife: Work–Life Conflict, Gender, and Self-Employment", Keister, L.A. (Ed.) Entrepreneurship (Research in the Sociology of Work, Vol. 15), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 33-60.



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