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Article
Publication date: 24 January 2023

Ha-Won Jang, Joanne Jung-Eun Yoo and Meehee Cho

Blockchain technology has created possibilities for environmental supply chain sustainability and climate protection. However, because of its early development stage…

Abstract

Purpose

Blockchain technology has created possibilities for environmental supply chain sustainability and climate protection. However, because of its early development stage, users tend to resist the adoption of this new technology. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of resistance on blockchain adoption intentions in the context of the foodservice industry. This study further explores if public pressures and climate change awareness could possibly weaken the negative relationships between blockchain resistance and adoption intentions.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected from managers and full-time employees in the foodservice industry, using an online research panel survey. A structural equation model was developed and tested to examine the hypothesized relationships. Additionally, a multi-group analysis was performed to test the moderating roles of public pressures and climate change awareness.

Findings

The findings from this study confirmed that foodservice employees’ characteristics, including traditional barriers, and blockchain technology factors, like perceived risk, are both significant in forming resistance to blockchain. This study also demonstrated the significant roles of internal and external stakeholders in weakening the negative associations between blockchain resistance and adoption intentions.

Research limitations/implications

This study recommends that foodservice companies address how to reduce their employees’ negative perceptions about changes imposed by blockchain adoption. This study also suggests the joint consideration of the pressures from internal and external stakeholders to provide continued insights into developing environmental practices for the foodservice industry.

Originality/value

This study extends the theoretical underpinning of the innovation resistance theory by incorporating the stakeholder theory as a strong foundation for understanding how external pressures and internal awareness may influence foodservice employees’ responses to the implementation of blockchain technology to mitigate climate change.

Details

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-6119

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 January 2023

Muhammad Kashif Imran, Ambreen Sarwar, Tehreem Fatima and Syed Muhammad Javed Iqbal

In the current dynamic world, organizations required rapid changes to meet the increasing demands of their customers. On the other hand, the practice side claims that the…

Abstract

Purpose

In the current dynamic world, organizations required rapid changes to meet the increasing demands of their customers. On the other hand, the practice side claims that the majority of the organizational change attempts fail due to resistance from the employee side. Based on the behavioral theory of leadership, the authors examined the relationship between ethical leadership and organizational change with moderated mediation effect of behavioral resistance to change and commitment to change on the stated relationship.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were obtained from 333 employees, selected at random, in three waves (i.e. pre-change, during change and post-change) using survey methods from services sector organizations operating in Pakistan.

Findings

The authors found that ethical leadership was positively linked to organizational change and this relation was partially mediated by the commitment to change. Further, behavioral resistance to change weakened the relationship between ethical leadership and commitment to change.

Practical implications

The current study illuminates the importance of ethical leaders in the organizational change process, and empirical findings also gave an important direction to build change commitment in employees to reach positive results. Further, change leaders should use ethical practices in the workplace during organizational change initiatives to deal with behavioral resistance to change.

Originality/value

This study links ethical leadership with organizational change using the behavioral theory of leadership, an unexplored area in the existing literature that gives a new insight to academia and practice side officials to successfully implement any organizational change initiative.

Details

Evidence-based HRM: a Global Forum for Empirical Scholarship, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2049-3983

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 January 2023

Angela Workman-Stark

The purpose of this study was to investigate the contributors to individual resistance to diversity-related organizational change (DROC) and how it might be reduced.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to investigate the contributors to individual resistance to diversity-related organizational change (DROC) and how it might be reduced.

Design/methodology/approach

From survey data collected through three separate samples of the US population, the study tested the antecedents and outcomes of resistance to DROC and the moderating effect of organizational justice on these relationships.

Findings

Findings reveal that attitudes about workplace diversity are influenced by individual factors (sex and race), which in turn are significantly related to individual resistance to DROC. Independently, organizational justice moderated the effects of employee attitudes and perceived threats on resistance to DROC, suggesting that resistance is increased when employees perceive they are treated justly.

Originality/value

This is the first known study to investigate resistance to DROC as well as its potential antecedents and outcomes. Findings suggest that organizational justice is an important consideration in implementing DROC.

Details

International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1093-4537

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 23 November 2022

Karin Berglund, Helene Ahl, Katarina Pettersson and Malin Tillmar

In this paper, women entrepreneurs are seen as leaders and women leaders as entrepreneurial, making both groups an easy target of postfeminist expectations, governed by…

Abstract

Purpose

In this paper, women entrepreneurs are seen as leaders and women leaders as entrepreneurial, making both groups an easy target of postfeminist expectations, governed by calls to embody the entrepreneurial self. Acknowledging that the entrepreneurial self has its roots in the universal, rational and autonomous subject, which was shaped in a male form during the Enlightenment, the purpose of this study is to conceptualise feminist resistance as a process through which the autonomous subject can be de-stabilised.

Design/methodology/approach

Empirically, this study draws on an extensive research project on women’s rural entrepreneurship that includes 32 in-depth interviews with women entrepreneurs in rural Sweden. This study interpreted expressions of resistance from the women by using an analytical framework the authors developed based on Jonna Bornemark’s philosophical treatise.

Findings

Feminist resistance unfolds as an interactive and iterative learning process where the subject recognises their voice, strengthens their voice and beliefs in a relational process and finally sees themselves as a fully fledged actor who finds ways to overcome obstacles that get in their way. Conceptualising resistance as a learning process stands in sharp contrast to the idea of resistance as enacted by the autonomous self.

Research limitations/implications

This study helps researchers to understand that what they may have seen as a sign of weakness among women, is instead a sign of strength: it is a first step in learning resistance that may help women create a life different from that prescribed by the postfeminist discourse. In this way, researchers can avoid reproducing women as “weak and inadequate”.

Originality/value

Through the re-writing of feminist resistance, the masculine entrepreneurship discourse including the notion of the autonomous self is challenged, and a counternarrative to the postfeminist entrepreneurial woman is developed. Theorising resistance as a learning practice enables a more transforming research agenda, making it possible to see women as resisting postfeminist expectations of endless competition with themselves and others.

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal , vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 2005

K. Jeevan, G.A. Quadir, K.N. Seetharamu, I.A. Azid and Z.A. Zainal

To determine the optimal dimensions for a stacked micro‐channel using the genetic algorithms (GAs) under different flow constraints.

Abstract

Purpose

To determine the optimal dimensions for a stacked micro‐channel using the genetic algorithms (GAs) under different flow constraints.

Design/methodology/approach

GA is used as an optimization tool for optimizing the thermal resistance of a stacked micro‐channel under different flow constraints obtained by using the one dimensional (1D) and two dimensional (2D) finite element methods (FEM) and by thermal resistance network model as well (proposed by earlier researcher). The 2D FEM is used to study the effect of two dimensional heat conduction in the micro‐channel material. Some parametric studies are carried out to determine the resulting performance of the stacked micro‐channel. Different number of layers of the stacked micro‐channel is also investigated to study its effect on the minimum thermal resistance.

Findings

The results obtained from the 1D FEM analysis compare well with those obtained from the thermal resistance network model. However, the 2D FEM analysis results in lower thermal resistance and, therefore, the importance of considering the conduction in two dimensions in the micro‐channel is highlighted.

Research limitations/implication

The analysis is valid for constant properties fluid and for steady‐state conditions. The top‐most surfaces as well as the side surfaces of the micro‐channel are considered adiabatic.

Practical implications

The method is very useful for practical design of micro‐channel heat‐sinks.

Originality/value

FEM analyses of stacked micro‐channel can be easily implemented in the optimization procedure for obtaining the dimensions of the stacked micro‐channel heat‐sinks for minimum thermal resistance.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 15 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1993

Carol A. O′Connor

Seeks to help managers to recognize different types of resistanceand how to react to them. Categorizes types of resistance (resistancequadrants) and presents questions to…

4339

Abstract

Seeks to help managers to recognize different types of resistance and how to react to them. Categorizes types of resistance (resistance quadrants) and presents questions to help identify the personality of the resistor. Resistance to change can be intentional or unintentional, covert or overt. Describes causes of resistance and presents diagnostic questions. Managers with self‐awareness and a sense of humour are most successful in overcoming resistance to change.

Details

Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 14 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7739

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2003

Manuela Pardo del Val and Clara Martínez Fuentes

This paper examines organizational change, focusing on the distinction of changes according to their scope and presenting a typology of evolutionary and strategic changes…

45251

Abstract

This paper examines organizational change, focusing on the distinction of changes according to their scope and presenting a typology of evolutionary and strategic changes. It also offers an in‐depth study of resistance to change. Through empirical research, the paper analyzes the importance of the sources of resistance to change defined theoretically, and considers both types of changes. The article shows which sources of resistance differ most, according to the scope of change, offering hints about where organizations should pay special attention when initiating a change process.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 41 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 October 1998

Dianne Waddell and Amrik S. Sohal

Traditionally, resistance has been cast as adversarial ‐ the enemy of change that must be defeated if change is to be successful. While it is apparent that classical…

52075

Abstract

Traditionally, resistance has been cast as adversarial ‐ the enemy of change that must be defeated if change is to be successful. While it is apparent that classical management theory viewed resistance in such a manner, recent literature contains much evidence that suggests resistance may indeed be useful and is not to be simply discounted. Present day suggestions and prescriptions for managing resistance have evidently disregarded this research and left little room for utility in resistance. This paper argues that the difficulty of organisational change is often exacerbated by the mismanagement of resistance derived from a simple set of assumptions that misunderstand resistance’s essential nature. It is suggested that management may greatly benefit from techniques that carefully manage resistance to change by looking for ways of utilising it rather than overcoming it.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 36 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 September 2009

Paul N. Avakian

This article discusses power and resistance in commercial environments. It finds that a company's ability to realize its goals (fulfill its strategy) is a function of its…

1157

Abstract

Purpose

This article discusses power and resistance in commercial environments. It finds that a company's ability to realize its goals (fulfill its strategy) is a function of its ability to deal with resistance; to recognize it first of all, and then to find ways to overcome it, which inevitably involve the use of power in some form.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper examines strategies used by pharmaceutical companies for getting drugs prescribed, programs by credit card companies to defeat resistance to card proliferation, and strategies by software companies to overcome resistance in OEMs to product acceptance.

Findings

The author concludes that the success of the products/companies studied is explained by their capacity for overcoming resistance, that it cannot be attributed to a compelling vision statement, or a five‐year plan, a competitive analysis, or any of the other strategy approaches used by the majority of companies.

Practical implications

All companies, presumably, have goals, and all companies operate in power‐dependent environments, and all companies, whether they recognize it or not, face resistance beyond the existence of competitors. The key is to be able to see resistance, and to understand how it is manifesting itself against a specific goal.

Originality/value

The thesis of the paper is important to practitioners because it gets them thinking about resistance beyond the existence of competitors. It reveals other, more powerful sources of opposition, and gives them a new platform for strategy based on finding power over resistance.

Details

Business Strategy Series, vol. 10 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-5637

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1987

P. de Groot

Termination resistances can affect the behaviour of thin‐film resistors. Depending on the dimensions of a resistor both the TCR and the long‐term stability will be…

Abstract

Termination resistances can affect the behaviour of thin‐film resistors. Depending on the dimensions of a resistor both the TCR and the long‐term stability will be affected, while the termination resistance forms part of the practical resistance value. This paper deals with the results of an investigation concerning the influence of termination resistances with respect to the behaviour of thin‐film resistors. Three thin‐fiim technologies were investigated. Values for the resistance, TCR and ageing drifts of both the bulk material and the terminations will be discussed. Some remarks on the structure of a termination will be mentioned.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

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