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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1977

Benzion Barlev and Shlomo Lampert

Suggests a performance index, overcoming changing economic conditions and the effect of the product life cycle, thus serving as an extra aid to management, as existing…

Abstract

Suggests a performance index, overcoming changing economic conditions and the effect of the product life cycle, thus serving as an extra aid to management, as existing measures do not adequately reflect actual performance. Focuses on the performance of the marketing programme and not specific marketing activities such as advertising, sales promotions etc. Sums up that it is shown that this index incorporates aspects not taken into account in previous methods.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 11 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1993

M.K. Kolay

Presents an approach for assessing the overall performance index(i.e. the relative value) of the suppliers asset base of anorganization. Four sets of end‐result variables…

Abstract

Presents an approach for assessing the overall performance index (i.e. the relative value) of the suppliers asset base of an organization. Four sets of end‐result variables, for example the total service level (i.e. service level and its reliability), the total quality level (i.e. quality and reliability), the after‐sales service level and the effective price level have been considered to reflect a supplier′s performance. Appropriate surrogate measures for assessing these variables have been suggested. The performance level of a supplier has been judged in relation to the nature of the item, its importance, criticality, situational context in which the supply has been made and the proportional volume of the total requirements supplied by that supplier. This is expressed as an overall performance index for the supplier. A study has been carried out in a small‐scale engineering unit to assess the relative value of its suppliers asset base for a five‐year period relative to the base period. The suppliers asset base has been found to be appreciating over the years reflecting the effectiveness of managing it.

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International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 13 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1995

Gerald R. Brown and George A. Matysiak

The measurement of property portfolio performance is an importantissue that, superficially, appears very straightforward. All that isrequired is an index of property…

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3165

Abstract

The measurement of property portfolio performance is an important issue that, superficially, appears very straightforward. All that is required is an index of property market movements which can then be used as a reference point for comparing performance. Problems can arise, however, if the statistical characteristics of the index are different from the portfolio being analysed. This is not a trivial issue as the difference can be large enough to obscure the true performance of the portfolio and can lead to an inaccurate diagnosis of investment skill. Draws on recent research into index construction and examines some of the issues surrounding these problems. Discusses tracking errors and benchmarking issues.

Details

Journal of Property Finance, vol. 6 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0958-868X

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Article
Publication date: 24 August 2020

Luh Gede Sri Artini and Ni Luh Putu Sri Sandhi

The purpose of this study is to determine and compare the performance of small and medium enterprises (SME) and manufacturing company stock portfolios in the Indonesian…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine and compare the performance of small and medium enterprises (SME) and manufacturing company stock portfolios in the Indonesian, Chinese and Indian capital markets by the Sharpe Index and the significance of differences in average performance in the capital market.

Design/methodology/approach

This is comparative research that compared the performances of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Indonesian, Chinese and Indian capital markets. The hypothesis examination of comparative test used one-way ANOVA technique on the performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Indonesian, Chinese and Indian capital markets. One-way ANOVA test was used in the analysis to test the average difference of performance indices of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios is in Indonesian, Chinese and Indian capital markets.

Findings

The performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Indonesian capital market was not better than the performances of IHSG and LQ45 Index, the performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Chinese capital market (SZSE) was better than the performance of Shenzhen Composite Index and the performance of Shenzhen A-Share Stock Price Index. The comparison of the performances of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Indonesian, Chinese and Indian capital markets showed that the performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Chinese capital market was the best and the performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Indonesian capital market was the lowest.

Practical implications

The implication of this study was that SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios had relatively better performances in China and India, so investors should consider investing in SME and manufacturing company stocks. The performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Indonesia was not able to exceed market and LQ45 portfolios, so the authority in Indonesia financial market should consider developing a special market for SME and manufacturing company to support the development of SME and manufacturing company in Indonesia and solve the problem of lack of funding source for SME and manufacturing company.

Originality/value

The originality of the present study is in the measurement of the performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolio by risk-adjusted return which returns per risk unit measured by Sharpe Index as a more beneficial measurement in measuring stock portfolio performance than average return. Comparative study of the stock portfolio performances of small medium enterprises and manufacturing company In Indonesian, Chinese and Indian stock markets, and object studies conducted in Indonesia, China and India.

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Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, vol. 37 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1026-4116

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Article
Publication date: 13 June 2020

Vanita Tripathi and Amanpreet Kaur

The study aims to contribute towards the sustainable development of financial systems, by testing the performance of socially responsible investing alternatives in…

Abstract

Purpose

The study aims to contribute towards the sustainable development of financial systems, by testing the performance of socially responsible investing alternatives in emerging BRICS countries. The study outcomes give us an insight into viability of responsible financial decisions in contrast with the conventional style of investing.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors examine the performance of socially responsible indices of BRICS nations vis-à-vis respective conventional market indices using various risk-adjusted measures and conditional volatility measures. We further segregate the 12-year study period to crisis and non-crisis period particular to the respective country, as well as a common global financial crisis period to analyze the impact of market conditions in BRICS nations and observe the performance using dummy regression analysis. Conditional volatility of the stochastic index series is measured using ARCH-GARCH analysis. Fama Decomposition Model helps rank the index performance through the sub-periods.

Findings

Fama Decomposition Model helps us observe that while Brazil secures a position in top rankers consistently, it is India that ranks top during crisis period. With evidence of outperformance in terms of risk-return by SRI indices of BRICS countries through the overall period as well as through different market conditions, our study contributes to the positive literature on socially responsible investing.

Research limitations/implications

The study explores performance of SRI in BRICS and finds evidence of the sustainable investment to be non-penalizing to the investor, even as the performance trend remain distinct in the countries with same level of development. It has implications for the investors and asset managers to include responsible stocks, while for the companies and regulatory bodies to unite for better reporting and disclosures. Given the broad implications, future research is required to link the impact of various cultural, legislative and demographic factors on the level and performance of the socially responsible investment in BRICS nations.

Practical implications

The current study evaluating and comparing performances of the socially responsible investments in BRICS nations puts forth following implications for the different sectors of the society, especially in emerging countries: (1) BRICS organization – The association of five economic giants, having significant influence over global as well as regional affairs, can aim to orient the countries' efforts towards collective sustainable development by designing uniform SRI framework. (2) Investors – In the globalization era, the investor can gain from ethical cross border investments to diversification and country benefits. (3) Companies and regulatory bodies – Only voluntary or mandatory unified efforts, to provide accurate and consistent disclosures, can upscale the mediocre growth trends of sustainable investing in emerging economies. (4) Asset Managers – Call of greater role in educating, warding off inhibitions related to RI.

Originality/value

This is to certify that the research paper submitted by us is an outcome of our independent and original work. We have duly acknowledged all the sources from which the ideas and extracts have been taken. The project is free from any plagiarism and has not been submitted elsewhere for publication.

Details

Journal of Advances in Management Research, vol. 17 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0972-7981

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Article
Publication date: 22 October 2020

Diego Víctor de Mingo-López, Juan Carlos Matallín-Sáez and Amparo Soler-Domínguez

This study aims to assess the relationship between cash management and fund performance in index fund portfolios.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to assess the relationship between cash management and fund performance in index fund portfolios.

Design/methodology/approach

Using a sample of 104 index mutual funds that track the Standard and Poor 500 stock market index from January 1999 to December 2016, the authors employ quintile portfolios and different regression models to assess the differences in risk-adjusted monthly returns experienced by index funds managing different cash levels in their portfolios. To ensure the robustness of the results, different sub-periods and market states are considered in the analyses as well as other exogenous factors and fund characteristics affecting the level of portfolio cash holdings and index fund performance.

Findings

Results show that index funds holding higher levels of cash and cash equivalents performed significantly worse than their low-cash counterparts. This evidence remains even after considering different sub-periods and bullish and bearish market conditions and controlling for fund expenses and other variables that could drive this cash-performance relationship.

Originality/value

This study expands the extant literature analyzing cash management in the mutual fund industry. More specifically, the analyses focus on index fund portfolios that replicate a specific benchmark, given that their performance differences should not be related to the market evolution but to the factors derived from the fund management and other exogenous issues. These findings are of interest to managers and investors willing to improve their risk-adjusted returns while investing as diversified as a stock market index.

Objetivo

El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la relación existente entre la gestión de efectivo y el desempeño consiguiente en las carteras de fondos de inversión indexados.

Diseño/metodología/perspectiva

Utilizando una muestra de 104 fondos que replican el índice bursátil Standard and Poor's 500 desde enero de 1999 hasta diciembre de 2016, se emplean carteras hipotéticas que invierten en fondos similares y diferentes análisis de regresión para analizar las diferencias en las rentabilidades ajustadas mensuales entre fondos indexados que gestionan diferentes niveles de efectivo en sus carteras. Por motivos de robustez, se tienen en cuenta diversos subperiodos y estados de mercado, así como otros factores exógenos y características de los fondos que afectan tanto al nivel de efectivo mantenido en la cartera indexada como al desempeño de la misma.

Resultados

Los resultados muestran que los fondos indexados que gestionan niveles de efectivo más elevados experimentan un desempeño significativamente menor que otros fondos comparables que mantienen menores porcentajes de efectivo en sus carteras de inversión. Se obtiene una evidencia similar tras considerar diferentes subperiodos y momentos alcistas y bajistas de mercado, así como al considerar los gastos propios de cada fondo y otras variables que podrían afectar esta relación entre el rendimiento y el efectivo gestionado.

Originalidad/contribución

Este estudio contribuye a la literatura existente que analiza la gestión de efectivo en la industria de fondos de inversión. Más específicamente, los análisis se centran en carteras de fondos que replican un índice bursátil específico, dado que las diferencias en sus rendimientos en este tipo de fondos no deberían originarse por la evolución del mercado, sino a causa de factores relacionados con la gestión de sus carteras y otros componentes exógenos al índice bursátil. Estos hallazgos son de interés para gestores e inversores que pretendan mejorar sus rentabilidades ajustadas al invertir mediante una estrategia tan diversificada como un índice bursátil.

Details

Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración, vol. 33 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1012-8255

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Article
Publication date: 11 December 2019

Wei Wang, Li Huang, Yuliang Zhu, Liupeng Jiang, Anoop Kumar Sahu, Atul Kumar Sahu and Nitin Kumar Sahu

Supplier evaluation is a part of logistic management. In the present era, resilient supply chain performance (RSCP) assessment of the vendor enterprise is respected as a…

Abstract

Purpose

Supplier evaluation is a part of logistic management. In the present era, resilient supply chain performance (RSCP) assessment of the vendor enterprise is respected as a hot topic. The purpose of this paper is to enable the managers to map the performance in percentage system and also enabling managers for identifying the weak indices-metrics, which need to be improved up to ideal or standard level and strong indices-metrics.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors found two research gaps via a literature survey. The first research gap revealed that the performance of a resilient supplier is computed solely in terms of a fuzzy mathematical scale. The articles are not yet published, which could measure the RSCP in percentage. The second research gap argued about the mitigation of the multi-level hierarchical resilient vendor/supplier evaluation framework for materializing RSCP and identifying weak and strong performing indices-metrics. To compensate the both research gaps, the authors developed a novel fuzzy gain-loss evolutionary computational approach to assess the performance of a firm in percentage. Next, a revised ranking technique coupled with trapezoidal fuzzy set based fuzzy performance importance index is implemented on the framework to seek weak and strong indices-metrics. The performance loss of each metric using the ideal solution concept considering the attitude of decision makers is also revealed.

Findings

The authors found the RSC performance of supplier firm 74 per cent, whereas performance loss 26 per cent, while actual performance is compared with standard fuzzy performance index (SFPI). Performance loss 26 per cent can be compensated by improving the performance of weak indices-metrics.

Originality/value

The novelty of the paper is that the authors used the ideal solution concept to compute the SFPI and compare it with actual FPI for evaluating the gain and loss of resilient supplier firm in percentage and identify weak and strong indices so that managers can improve the performance of weak indices. The work possesses the significant for all organizations, as research work enables the managers to map and improve the RSC performance of any vendor firm in future. The presented work considers the case of an automobile parts supplier industry to validate the developed approach.

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Article
Publication date: 13 February 2017

Hadi Shirouyehzad, Farimah Mokhatab Rafiee and Negin Berjis

The purpose of this paper is to propose a method for performance assessment of organizations based on integrated approach of knowledge management and safety management…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a method for performance assessment of organizations based on integrated approach of knowledge management and safety management using data envelopment analysis, and the proposed model is then applied in the car industry in Isfahan province to be checked. Therefore, deficiencies can be highlighted and possible strategies can be evolved to improve the performance.

Design/methodology/approach

As data envelopment analysis is a robust mathematical tool, it has been used to evaluate organizational performance. For discovering the organizational performance of knowledge management and safety management by data envelopment analysis (DEA), the first step is to specify proper criteria. To this end, in this method, the indices in both approaches of knowledge management and safety management were identified. Then, inputs and outputs were specified. Knowledge management and safety management were determined as input indices, and customer satisfaction and accident indicators were the output indices. It is noteworthy that each output index was used one time. In the next stage, performance of organizations was assessed based on both determined approaches and via data envelopment analysis. Finally, the organizations were ranked.

Findings

The suggested method was implemented in the car industry in the Isfahan province. The obtained results disclosed that among 12 decision-making units, 4 units are efficient when customer satisfaction is the output and 5 units are efficient when accidents indices are the output. In ranking with customer satisfaction as the output, Sepahan Atlas Pump Company was ranked first via super efficiency method, data envelopment analysis and similarity to ideal solution. In ranking with accidents as the output, Sepahan Atlas Pump Company ranked first via strong efficiency method and Sanatgar Company ranked first via data envelopment analysis and similarity to ideal solution.

Originality/value

Knowledge has been recognized as one of the valuable resources, and knowledge management would greatly effect improvement of job quality. Knowledge level increase is led by better performance and less errors. Consequently, it can enhance the organizational health and safety. There are some studies which have been conducted on safety management or knowledge management performance analysis. The organizational performance evaluation based on integrated approach of knowledge management and safety management is an important issue which is less considered in theory and practice. Thus, the authors have proposed a method which is able to evaluate the organization based on this integrated approach with functional indices, which resulted in accurate results, and finally, ranking can show the organization status to determine proper strategies.

Details

Journal of Modelling in Management, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5664

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Article
Publication date: 30 January 2009

Chin‐Tsang Ho

This paper aims to study the correlation between knowledge management (KM) enablers and performance indices of KM.

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5085

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the correlation between knowledge management (KM) enablers and performance indices of KM.

Design/methodology/approach

Referring to the literature reviews, it attempts to construct the KM process performance index, analyze its importance, and further analyze a company's characteristics, the relationship between KM enablers with the importance of the KM process performance index, and try to adopt four KM enablers as independent variables. Lastly, it intends to explore whether the relationship between the importance of the KM process performance and financial performance indices affects the importance of the financial performance index.

Findings

Among KM enablers, the factor strategy and leadership appears to be one of the most significant positive relationships among all of the KM process performance indices. The importance of performance indices in knowledge creation and knowledge internalization on the operational and customer sides show a positive, significant relationship in the importance of the financial performance index.

Research limitations/implications

With the constraint of the number of samples, this study does not construct the KM process performance indices of every industry category or strategy.

Originality/value

The main contribution of the paper is that it explores the causes that influence KM process performance indices, and this enriches empirical research literatures in the domain of the KM process performance indices.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 109 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

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Article
Publication date: 6 March 2017

Nur Adiana Hiau Abdullah, Kamarun Nisham Taufil Mohd and Woei Chyuan Wong

The purpose of this paper is to examine the performance of 19 Malaysian Real Estate Investment Trusts (M-REITs) over the period 1999 to 2014, following the implementation…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the performance of 19 Malaysian Real Estate Investment Trusts (M-REITs) over the period 1999 to 2014, following the implementation of dividend tax reforms announced in the 2007, 2009 and 2012 budgets.

Design/methodology/approach

Sharpe index, Treynor index and Jensen α are utilized to compare the performance of M-REITs against a newly developed tax-adjusted value-weighted M-REITs index, equity market, property sector and three month Malaysia Treasury Bills (T-Bills). The calculation of M-REITs returns has been adjusted to take into account the dividend tax reforms which have never been considered in previous studies.

Findings

Most M-REITs outperform the tax-adjusted value-weighted REITs index, equity market, property sector and three month T-Bills. Property sector performs worst during those periods. Some of the M-REITs have a higher standard deviation than the equity market and the tax-adjusted value-weighted M-REITs index. Most M-REITs have a lower total risk than the property sector. Further analysis shows that before (after) the tax reforms, most M-REITs underperform (outperform) the other sectors. The introduction of the tax reforms benefits both REITs and investors. A significant positive Jensen α for some M-REITs indicates that fund managers are able to time the market or to select undervalued assets.

Practical implications

Findings of the study would enable investors to evaluate the performance of all REITs in comparison to other financial assets during the period of study for better investment decision making. A more accurate assessment on REITs performance that take into account the tax reforms, is available for investors and fund managers to decide on the investment mix to be included in their portfolio. Moreover, fund managers’ performance can be assessed whether they perform better or worse than the equity market, property sector and three month T-Bills.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the scant literature on dividend tax reforms and their implication toward REITs performance. It is the first study to thoroughly assess the returns of REITs by taking into account the changes on dividend tax rates announced in the 2007, 2009 and 2012 budgets.

Details

Journal of Property Investment & Finance, vol. 35 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-578X

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