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Article
Publication date: 23 July 2021

Karima Afif, Claudia Rebolledo and Jacques Roy

This paper presents a comprehensive overview of the cross-disciplinary literature on the drivers, barriers and performance outcomes of sustainable packaging to understand…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper presents a comprehensive overview of the cross-disciplinary literature on the drivers, barriers and performance outcomes of sustainable packaging to understand the current state of research in this field and identify research opportunities.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic review is conducted within no time limit. The Methodi Ordinatio methodology was applied that resulted in retaining 48 relevant and high impact articles published in 26 academic journals with various scopes.

Findings

Seven key drivers are identified and defined: the integrative and collaborative supply chain, environmental capabilities and resources, market-based instruments, cost reduction, consumer pressure, competitive advantage, and regulatory pressure. Three main barriers are identified and defined: cost/benefit ambiguity, additional costs and complex trade-offs between packaging requirements. The review shows that the drivers and barriers to packaging sustainability are contingent on the firm size. Sustainable packaging positively affects the environmental, social and economic performance; however, its operational performance requires a proactive and integrated supply chain. The results highlight the importance of integrated packaging decisions at three different levels to improve packaging sustainability: vertical and horizontal integration, upstream and downstream integration, and product-packaging integration. The authors developed research propositions and provided insightful directions for future research.

Originality/value

Most studies focus on specific drivers, barriers and outcomes of sustainable packaging, while this paper brings them together to build a comprehensive framework. The latter provides a deeper understanding of the factors that incentivize or deter firms from pursuing sustainable packaging and its performance outcomes.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 26 June 2021

Alvin Patrick M. Valentin

This study aims to examine the applicability of an extended version of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in predicting pro-environmental behavior, specifically the…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the applicability of an extended version of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in predicting pro-environmental behavior, specifically the purchase behavior (PB) of package-free bath products, among students in higher education institutions (HEIs).

Design/methodology/approach

Using a non-experimental survey research design, this study empirically tested an extended TPB model through structural equation modeling. The dataset was obtained through a survey of undergraduate students in three HEIs in the Philippines.

Findings

Environmental knowledge (EK) predicted attitudes toward purchasing package-free bath products. Attitudes, subjective norms and pro-environmental self-identity (PSI) predicted intention to purchase package-free bath products. Furthermore, the intention to purchase package-free bath products and perceived behavioral control predicted PB of the said item.

Research limitations/implications

The results imply that the addition of EK and PSI to the TPB is applicable in predicting pro-environmental behavior, specifically the purchase of package-free bath products.

Practical implications

The results showed how HEIs can encourage their students to purchase package-free bath products.

Social implications

The results highlight how social and economic factors play a role in promoting or inhibiting pro-environmental behavior among HEI students.

Originality/value

The findings support the inclusion of EK and PSI to the TPB for an integrative model that aims to improve the prediction of the purchase of package-free bath products.

Details

International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1467-6370

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Article
Publication date: 10 July 2021

Atmadeep Mukherjee, Amaradri Mukherjee and Pramod Iyer

Food waste is a big problem where millions of pounds of produce are discarded every year because they are imperfect or unattractive. Despite the societal implications of…

Abstract

Purpose

Food waste is a big problem where millions of pounds of produce are discarded every year because they are imperfect or unattractive. Despite the societal implications of selling unattractive produce, limited research has been directed toward understanding the effect of imperfect produce on consumers’ evaluations of the produce and retailer outcomes. This paper aims to investigate why consumers tend to discard imperfect produce and how retailer interventions (i.e. anthropomorphized signage and packaging) can alleviate these negative effects.

Design/methodology/approach

Three experiments were conducted to examine the postulations. Study 1 highlights the role of consumers’ embarrassment in the purchase decision of imperfect produce and retailer patronage intention. Studies 2 and 3 provide managerially relevant boundary conditions of anthropomorphic signage and opaque packaging.

Findings

Convergent results across three studies (n = 882) indicate that imperfect produce increases purchase embarrassment and reduces purchase intention and retailer patronage intention. Retailer interventions (i.e. anthropomorphic signage and opaque packaging) can allay this feeling of embarrassment and lead to an increased retailer patronage intention and higher service satisfaction.

Practical implications

This research provides guidance to retailers for effectively promoting imperfect produce.

Social implications

Retailers’ actions can benefit the well-being of farmers, suppliers, customers and the overall environment.

Originality/value

This research adds to the literature on unattractive produce by identifying new moderators, namely, anthropomorphic signages and opaque packaging. The research also shows that purchase embarrassment is a key process mechanism.

Details

Journal of Services Marketing, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0887-6045

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 25 June 2021

Amira Shalaby and A. Samer Ezeldin

In many developing countries, the sanitation sector constitutes a major part of their strategic plans of reform. Yet with the very limited budget of the public treasury…

Abstract

Purpose

In many developing countries, the sanitation sector constitutes a major part of their strategic plans of reform. Yet with the very limited budget of the public treasury, countries opt to major lending institutions for funds. “Results-Based-Finance” is a new funding mechanism that has proven its efficiency in achieving the necessary reform in sanitation sectors. Due to the complexity of the funding tool, it is crucial to be able to decompose the project into smaller packages to be able to effectively control the project. The objective of this paper is to reach an optimum packaging scheme that enables the project to be successfully managed through better planning and cost control practices.

Design/methodology/approach

With the aid of Unified Modelling Language (UML), an algorithm is developed to map the logic behind the model suggested with detailed illustrations of its different modules. Object-oriented processes and operations are modeled using different diagrams of the language, which automatically generate the optimum packaging combination. The packaging model is then implemented via a number of computer-aided programs. The Microsoft Excel 2019 is used for calculation purposes. Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) programming language is used to make the model user-friendly for non-engineering stakeholders. The Palisade's Decision Tools Suite is used for the optimization process

Findings

The model is validated through a case study of a mega sanitation project located in Egypt. The model output is not only the content of the packages but also a complete managing plan which demonstrates many useful information to the decision-makers and government officials.

Originality/value

The research aim is to provide the construction industry with a tool that makes the packaging process of mega projects funded through the “Results-Based-Finance” mechanism, done in an automated manner. Moreover, the packages are selected in a way to optimize the project cashflow. Having the optimum package size shall ensure better planning and a more accurate cost control. Yet it is a challenging task; especially, when the project cash flow is very sensitive and intolerant to delays like in the “Results-Based-Finance” mechanism.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 27 May 2021

Christian V. Baccarella, Lukas Maier and Kai-Ingo Voigt

The purpose of this paper is to provide the first empirical evidence on how consumption-supportive packaging functionality influences consumers’ purchase intentions…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide the first empirical evidence on how consumption-supportive packaging functionality influences consumers’ purchase intentions. Consumption-supportive packaging functionality implies that the packaging itself serves a function that actively helps users achieve their consumption goals and that supports the objectives consumers have in mind when using it.

Design/methodology/approach

To achieve the research goal, this study presents four between-participant experimental studies. In the studies, this paper tests for the direct effect of consumption-supportive packaging functionality on consumers’ purchase intentions across different product categories. Moreover, this study tests for the mediating effect of perceived product meaningfulness to explain the underlying mechanism (Studies 2 and 3) and for the moderating effect of product complexity (Study 4).

Findings

This paper shows that consumption-supportive packaging functionality leads to higher purchase intentions. The findings also reveal that perceived product meaningfulness is one underlying mechanism that helps us to explain the positive effect of consumption-supportive packaging functionality on purchase intention. Moreover, findings reveal that the positive effect of consumption-supportive packaging functionality only works for low-complex products, but not for high-complex ones.

Research limitations/implications

This research offers a new perspective on package design, and thus advances the understanding of how to package functionality can influence consumer responses. Moreover, this study contributes to the Gestalt theory because it applies a holistic design view on the packaging that influences product perception.

Practical implications

For low complex products, marketing managers should consider integrating packaging functionality into their communication strategy to focus on the overall Gestalt of the product. Product designers should integrate consumption-supportive packaging functionality in the product design to evoke positive consumer responses.

Originality/value

The research gives first empirical evidence on how and when consumption-supportive packaging functionality influences consumers’ product evaluations.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 25 May 2021

Carmela Donato, Ada Maria Barone and Simona Romani

This research investigates the influence of package sustainability on food satiation perception.

Abstract

Purpose

This research investigates the influence of package sustainability on food satiation perception.

Design/methodology/approach

Research hypotheses were tested through three experimental studies.

Findings

Three experimental studies show that food quality is associated to higher perceived food satiation (preliminary study); that a food packaged in a sustainable package is perceived as more satiating than the same food packaged in a non-sustainable package and that this effect is explained by the higher perceived quality triggered by the presence of a sustainable package (Study 1); and that the positive relationship between higher perceived quality and perceived satiation is verified only for healthy but not for unhealthy foods (Study 2).

Originality/value

The present research advances knowledge on the highly debated issue of sustainable food packages. By proposing that consumers might perceive a healthy food presented in a sustainable package as more satiating, the authors show another extrinsic packaging cue modifying consumers' perception, namely package sustainability.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 123 no. 13
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1996

A. Lefeuvre, M. Caplot, C. Stranieri and P. Massiot

Packages for multichip modules inmilitary airborne applications must hava some fundamental characteristics: highthermal conductivity, low density, good mechanical…

Abstract

Packages for multichip modules in military airborne applications must hava some fundamental characteristics: high thermal conductivity, low density, good mechanical properties and a coefficient of thermal expansion nearly equal to that of the microelectronic substrate installed in the package. In many cases, the substrate is alumina with a CTE of 6.5 ppm/°C. Materials such as aluminium, titanium or Kovar fulfil only part of the above requirements. This is critical when large packages are used, such as in electronic warfare systems where modules include wideband RF circuits with large alumina substrates next to dense digital circuits. The solution is then aluminium/ silicon carbide (Al/SiC). The aim of the paper is to present the development and qualification of large packages combining both RF and digital circuitry. The size taken into account in the study is 220 × 220 mm: it covers most of the electronic needs in terms of surface. Various aspects have been analysed from the perspective of the package manufacturer and the end‐user. The interest of Al/SiC is shown by a thermal analysis of a conduction cooled module with different core materials: the reduction in temperature gradient, which for some components reaches 20° C, has a strong effect on the module reliability. The different technological choices, for a first type of packages, are described: an Al/SiC baseplate with an iron‐nickel alloy for the ring and the lid, brazed feedthroughs (within the Al/SiC baseplate) and connectors, surface treatment, ring brazing material, lid welding technique. A second type of packages is also presented: the main difference lies in the interconnections. RF ceramic (HTCC) inserts are introduced in the ring frame. Various RF measurements show the interest of the different package technologies, especially the ceramic inserts with very good results up to 20 GHz.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 18 May 2010

M.F.F. Poças, J.C. Oliveira, H.J. Pinto, M.E. Zacarias and T. Hogg

The purpose of this paper is to describe a pilot study characterizing the domestic usage of food packaging (amount and type) at the household level.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe a pilot study characterizing the domestic usage of food packaging (amount and type) at the household level.

Design/methodology/approach

Collection and detailed characterization is carried out, from a sample of Portuguese consumers, of packages used at home during a seven‐day period.

Findings

The daily intake of domestically consumed, packaged food ranged from 5 to 50 g/kgbw. The average intake value for children below 12 years old was 26 g/kgbw. Considering all packaging materials, package usage ranged from 0.1dm2/day.kgbw to 0.6dm2/day.kgbw. Packaging usage factors and food‐type distribution factors for each packaging material were estimated.

Research limitations/implications

The period of packaging collection and the size of the sample limit the degree of generalized conclusions that can be drawn.

Practical implications

The data collected are the base for the development of a framework and could make an important contribution to the assessment of consumer exposure to substances migrating from packages into food, in this case of the Portuguese consumer.

Originality/value

The results achieved are analysed in relation to the current assumptions made for the safety assessment of materials in the relevant European legislation. Furthermore, the results achieved can be used in a probabilistic approach to these assessments as the distributions of values, and not only the per capita values, are known.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 112 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2000

Kang Zhang and Michael Pecht

Plastic ball grid array (PBGA) packages are non‐hermetic surface mount packages, designed in response to market demands for cost‐effective, high I/O count, small…

Abstract

Plastic ball grid array (PBGA) packages are non‐hermetic surface mount packages, designed in response to market demands for cost‐effective, high I/O count, small footprint, and low profile components. Because of the materials and construction, PBGA packages can be vulnerable to failure mechanisms associated with exposure to temperature and humidity. In some applications, conformal coating has been used as a potential means to mitigate these problems by enhancing moisture ingress resistance. This study focused on the ability of two popular kinds of conformal coatings to protect PBGA packages from moisture‐induced failures. As part of the study, PBGA packages with and without conformal coatings were subjected to moisture ingress, moisture desorption and unbiased high temperature high humidity tests. The principal failure mechanisms observed were delamination and cracking in the packages. Although it was observed that parylene coating did slow down the moisture ingress, the high temperature high humidity tests did not demonstrate that two tested conformal coatings had significant protection against moisture‐induced failures for PBGA packages.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 17 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1990

Gordon L. Robertson

The 1990s will be the decade of environmentalawareness. Governments have introduced (or are aboutto introduce) eco‐labelling schemes for products andpackages. However…

Abstract

The 1990s will be the decade of environmental awareness. Governments have introduced (or are about to introduce) eco‐labelling schemes for products and packages. However, assessing the environmental friendliness of packaging can be meaningful only if cognisance is taken of the six functions of packaging and the three environments where packaging has to perform. Categorising packaging as either good or bad based on whether or not it is recyclable or reusable is too simplistic an approach and could result in greater rather than fewer environmental problems.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 20 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0960-0035

Keywords

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