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Article
Publication date: 3 July 2007

Ting Jer Yuen and M. Shaheen Majid

The objective of this study is to investigate the knowledgesharing behavior of undergraduate students in Singapore and to cover areas such as the purpose of sharing

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this study is to investigate the knowledgesharing behavior of undergraduate students in Singapore and to cover areas such as the purpose of sharing knowledge, communication channels preferred for sharing, and factors that inhibit or motivate knowledge sharing among students.

Design/methodology/approach

A questionnaire was used for collecting data and 180 students from three public universities in Singapore participated in the study.

Findings

It was found that, generally, students displayed a positive attitude towards knowledge sharing and were appreciative of its importance in peer learning. However, it was interesting to note that the respondents were less inclined to share knowledge for academic activities that were graded. The study also revealed that competition among students to outperform their fellow students and lack of depth in peer relationship were the two main factors that inhibited knowledge sharing.

Practical implications

The paper argues that fresh approaches to learning are desirable to make it less competitive, which is likely to encourage active knowledge sharing among students.

Originality/value

A majority of the studies on knowledge sharing have been conducted in an organizational context. Only limited work has been done on the knowledgesharing behavior of students. As a majority of the university students are expected to join the workforce after graduation, it is desirable their knowledgesharing behavior should be thoroughly investigated.

Details

Library Review, vol. 56 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1999

Jon‐Chao Hong and Chia‐Ling Kuo

Businesses have to go through constant innovations on management, and innovation principles must be acquired through constant learning. Learning principles are realized…

Abstract

Businesses have to go through constant innovations on management, and innovation principles must be acquired through constant learning. Learning principles are realized through knowledge and wisdom sharing with colleagues, clients, and others in such learning activities as instruction, sharing, and self‐study. Such knowledge and wisdom sharing activities include study circles, on the job training, and technology exhibitions. Different learning activities such as survival learning, benchmark learning and leading learning are subject to different sharing mechanisms. Moreover the mastery of each sharing function is fundamental to enhancing the performance of knowledge management in a learning organization.

Details

Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 20 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7739

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Article
Publication date: 16 March 2012

Kowta Sita Nirmala Kumaraswamy and C.M. Chitale

The main purpose of the paper is to assess and suggest the ways and means to enhance a collaborative knowledge sharing culture in academic institutions, with special…

Abstract

Purpose

The main purpose of the paper is to assess and suggest the ways and means to enhance a collaborative knowledge sharing culture in academic institutions, with special reference to information technology (IT)‐related education in the Management Faculty of the University of Pune.

Design/methodology/approach

The research is descriptive and empirical in nature because the primary data were collected using the survey method through fact finding techniques such as questionnaire and interview. The main purpose of this research is to obtain information concerning the current status of the phenomena to describe “what exists” with respect to variables or conditions in a situation.

Findings

The sustainability of any industry is closely linked to the manpower talent made available by the academic institutions. Therefore in order to service the needs of the industry in tune with rapidly changing trends, academic institutions have to implement innovative learning systems and be able to match up to the expectations of the industry for knowledge support. Collaborative knowledge sharing links the learning and knowledge processes to enhance organizational learning. The knowledge grows more with communication, sharing of ideas and transfer of knowledge through face‐to‐face communication, discussions, faculty development programs, industry‐institute interactions. Academic institutions should align their human resource strategies, practices and processes in such a way that collaborative knowledge sharing becomes a part of the work culture and overcome the barriers to knowledge sharing. There is need to develop systems that can recognize and reward the efforts of employees who share their knowledge. This can empower collaborative knowledge sharing culture in an academic institute.

Research limitations/implications

In the same context as the practical implications of the paper, it is also appropriate and important to study further how, and to what extent collaborative knowledge improves the performance of the academic institutes. Also, the impact of collaborative knowledge sharing on the quality of higher education.

Practical implications

The recommendations in this paper focus on factors influencing collaborative knowledge sharing culture and also the practices of collaborative knowledge sharing to enhance organizational learning in an academic institute.

Originality/value

This paper contributes original empirical data on the collaborative knowledge sharing strategy to enhance organizational learning.

Details

Journal of Management Development, vol. 31 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0262-1711

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Article
Publication date: 20 February 2009

Charles Abiodun Robert

The purpose of this paper is to share knowledge of how annotation can be the basis for knowledge sharing.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to share knowledge of how annotation can be the basis for knowledge sharing.

Design/methodology/approach

The method used was derived from mathematical methods applied to set theory.

Findings

It was presented that one document can be easily used for experience sharing with multiple users. Multiple documents will be difficult to use as source of experience sharing.

Originality/value

Experience sharing has never been presented as intersection of annotation, document and users using mathematic principles.

Details

Journal of Knowledge Management, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1367-3270

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 10 April 2007

Jen‐te Yang

The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the extent to which knowledge sharing and organizational learning affect organizational effectiveness.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the extent to which knowledge sharing and organizational learning affect organizational effectiveness.

Design/methodology/approach

The research samples have been drawn from all levels of employees in the organizational hierarchy of international tourist hotels in Taiwan. The questionnaires were distributed to 1,200 participants across nine international tourist hotels in Taiwan. These hotels are globally managed or franchised by international groups of hotels and resorts.

Findings

Of 499 usable questionnaires, the results suggest that knowledge sharing would facilitate the transformation of collective individual knowledge to organizational knowledge without the existence of orphaned knowledge and knowledge depreciation. Furthermore, this would result in the advancement of organizational learning and eventually, the enrichment of organizational effectiveness.

Practical implications

The more individual intellectual capital is transferred to organizational assets, the greater the degree of strength of organizational capabilities will become. If organizations do not implant mechanisms for storing that all employees collectively learn, effects are not enduring. There would furthermore be a limited contribution to organizational learning.

Originality/value

This study contributes to KM literature that suffers from a paucity of research on the empirical examination of this subject.

Details

Journal of Knowledge Management, vol. 11 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1367-3270

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Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Mohammad Faraz Naim and Usha Lenkla

– The purpose of this paper is to identify the relationship between knowledge sharing, competency development, affective commitment, and Gen Y employees’ intention to stay.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify the relationship between knowledge sharing, competency development, affective commitment, and Gen Y employees’ intention to stay.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on a review of extant literature and using social exchange, and social constructivist approach, this study develops a theoretical rationale behind developing a conceptual framework to retain employees of the Gen Y segment.

Findings

Knowledge sharing in the organization has a great potential to foster competency development and generate a sense of affective commitment and intention to stay of employees of Gen Y.

Research limitations/implications

A conceptual framework of knowledge sharing for competency development could assist HR managers in fine-tuning their retention strategy for Gen Y employees. The future work should carry out the empirical validation of the suggested conceptual framework.

Practical implications

Organizations should focus on knowledge sharing to enhance absorptive capacity, which fosters competency development. The framework suggests an approach of generation-specific retention strategy.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the literature in human resources pertaining to knowledge sharing as a competency development intervention and develops a linkage between knowledge sharing and Gen Y employees’ intention to stay. The study is one of the first of its kind to address knowledge sharing and competency development in the context of Gen Y retention.

Details

Industrial and Commercial Training, vol. 48 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0019-7858

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 22 June 2021

Haniruzila Hanifah, Nursyamimi Abd Halim, Ali Vafaei-Zadeh and Khaled Nawaser

Manufacturing sectors are identified to be of the foremost importance expected to increase Malaysia's GDP contribution to the Eleventh Malaysia Plan (11th MP). The present…

Abstract

Purpose

Manufacturing sectors are identified to be of the foremost importance expected to increase Malaysia's GDP contribution to the Eleventh Malaysia Plan (11th MP). The present study aims to examine the effects of intellectual capital and entrepreneurial orientation (EO) on knowledge sharing in manufacturing SMEs. The impact of intellectual capital and EO on firms' innovation performance in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is accordingly investigated by considering knowledge sharing as the mediator.

Design/methodology/approach

The data were collected via a questionnaire consisting of the owners or top managers of 121 manufacturing SMEs in Malaysia. Partial least square (PLS) was used to analyze the obtained data.

Findings

Results indicated that human capital, as well as external relational capital, has a positive correlation with both knowledge sharing and innovation performance mediated by knowledge sharing. It was also shown that knowledge sharing has a significant impact on firm innovation performance. Interestingly, structural capital, internal relational capital and (EO) did not significantly impact knowledge sharing and innovation performance. However, all of these elements are important to influence the firm's innovation performance.

Practical implications

The study contributes to the literature on intellectual capital, entrepreneurial orientation, knowledge sharing and innovation through developing and testing the possible connections among them. The finding of this study will provide owners and top managers in manufacturing SMEs insight into the variables improving firm innovation performance.

Originality/value

This study provides a basis for researchers to reach more mounting evidence about the practice of knowledge sharing and innovation performance among manufacturing SMEs in Malaysia.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1469-1930

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Article
Publication date: 25 June 2021

Nan Wang, Jielin Yin, Zhenzhong Ma and Maolin Liao

The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of organizational rewards on two forms of knowledge sharing – explicit knowledge sharing and tacit knowledge sharing in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of organizational rewards on two forms of knowledge sharing – explicit knowledge sharing and tacit knowledge sharing in virtual communities, and further to explore the mediating effect of intrinsic motivation on the effect of virtual community rewards on implicit knowledge sharing.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on relevant knowledge sharing theories, this study develops an integrated framework to explore virtual community rewards and tacit and explicit knowledge sharing in a virtual context. This study then collected data from 429 virtual community users in four virtual communities via an online survey. Hierarchical regression analyzes were used to test the proposed research model.

Findings

The results of this study show that virtual rewards have a significantly positive linear relationship with explicit knowledge sharing but have an inverse U-shape relationship with tacit knowledge sharing in virtual communities. In addition, intrinsic motivations including enjoyment and self-efficacy mediate the relationship between rewards and tacit knowledge sharing.

Practical implications

This study suggests more virtual community rewards may not always lead to more tacit knowledge sharing. Instead, too many rewards may weaken the motivation for tacit knowledge sharing. Knowledge management practitioners should make full use of the positive impact of self-efficacy and enjoyment to set up appropriate reward incentives to encourage knowledge-sharing, in particular, tacit knowledge sharing and to better manage virtual communities.

Originality/value

This study explores knowledge-sharing behavior in virtual communities, an important step toward more integrated knowledge-sharing theories. While online communities have become increasingly important for today’s knowledge economy, few studies have explored knowledge and knowledge sharing in a virtual context and this study helps to bridge the gap. In addition, this study develops an integrated framework to explore the mechanism through which virtual community rewards affect knowledge sharing with intrinsic motivation mediating this relationship in online communities, which further enriches the understanding on how to use virtual rewards to motivate knowledge sharing behaviors in the virtual context.

Details

Journal of Knowledge Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1367-3270

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Article
Publication date: 13 July 2021

Shahbaz Sharif, Rab Nawaz Lodhi, Khurshed Iqbal and Fahad Saddique

This study aims to use an authentic leadership style to explore that whether male or female leadership of private academic institutions highly influences affective…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to use an authentic leadership style to explore that whether male or female leadership of private academic institutions highly influences affective organizational commitment and tacit knowledge sharing among the library teachers. Additionally, this study encompasses the trust of library teachers and justifies whether the trust under male or female leadership highly moderates the effect on tacit knowledge sharing.

Design/methodology/approach

By using structural equation modeling, this study tests two leadership models (e.g. male and female leadership models). Using a convenient sampling approach, the researcher collects data from library teachers of private academic institutions in district Sheikhupura, Pakistan through face-to-face interaction. The study administered 650 survey questionnaires among the library teachers; however, 403 questionnaires were answered validly and reliably. The response rate was 62%.

Findings

The study found the direct and indirect effect of authentic leadership on affective organizational commitment and tacit knowledge sharing however, male authentic leadership influence on affective organizational commitment and tacit knowledge sharing was quite higher than female authentic leadership. Resultantly, the library teachers were more committed to sharing tacit knowledge under male leadership than female. Nevertheless, the moderating role of trust was found in female leadership but not in male leadership. Simply, the library teachers under male leadership were hesitant to trust others, so the chain of sharing hidden ideas and image of libraries was not found in male leadership.

Practical implications

Private academic institutions need authentic leaders to shape the knowledge economy of libraries and the structure of the academic institutions. For this reason, this study provides practical implications for managers that male leadership should be hired in academic institutions because it has a higher influence on librarians’ commitment and tacit knowledge sharing among peers as compare to female leadership.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this was the first study that differentiates the capabilities and skills of male and female authentic leadership in private academic institutions. Further, it suggests hiring male leaders in these institutions.

Details

International Journal of Organizational Analysis, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1934-8835

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 8 July 2021

Lukas Zenk, Nicole Hynek, Noella Edelmann, Shefali Virkar, Peter Parycek and Gerald Steiner

Intraorganizational knowledge and information sharing are important steps toward more-accessible organizational knowledge. The aim of this study is to qualitatively…

Abstract

Purpose

Intraorganizational knowledge and information sharing are important steps toward more-accessible organizational knowledge. The aim of this study is to qualitatively explore factors that contribute to employees' motivations for sustaining intraorganizational knowledge-sharing behaviors and to examine the impact of these factors in a quantitative study with the Austrian Federal Ministry of Defense. This ministry faces a retirement wave in the next 5–10 years. Intraorganizational knowledge sharing before, during, and following this wave will play a decisive role for the organization in the near future.

Design/methodology/approach

An exploratory sequential mixed-methods study was conducted. The study design involved a qualitative study phase with expert interviews and stakeholder workshops (n = 9) and a quantitative study phase based on a cross-sectional online survey with an implicit association test on intraorganizational knowledge sharing (n = 59).

Findings

In the qualitative study phase, three main research topics regarding intraorganizational knowledge sharing were identified: employee attitude, organizational support, and specific relational aspects of knowledge transfer, such as reciprocal relationships among employees and opportunities for knowledge exchange. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that perceived organizational support was the only factor that was a significant predictor of motivation for engaging in knowledge sharing. We also analyzed the data for moderation effects and demonstrated that sociopsychological factors (e.g., the engagement or openness of colleagues to share their knowledge) further strengthened the positive relationship between employees' perceived support and personal willingness to share knowledge.

Practical implications

We conclude that an organizational culture that supports knowledge sharing within the organization is highly relevant for motivating employees to share their knowledge. Practitioners will also benefit from the insights of the various dimensions of employees' willingness to engage in knowledge-sharing behaviors to better design further interventions in organizations.

Originality/value

In accordance with an exploratory sequential mixed-methods approach, we followed a transdisciplinary process in which scientific and practical experiences and knowledge were integrated. For this purpose, interviews and workshops with experts and stakeholders in the organization were conducted. The qualitative findings were incorporated into a quantitative survey and an implicit association test for the employees of the organization. This approach demonstrates a different and more holistic approach to analyzing a real-world problem in the context of a governmental agency in order to investigate the multidimensional and complex topic of intraorganizational knowledge sharing.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

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