Search results

1 – 10 of over 96000
Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 1 June 2005

Jui‐Chen Chen and Colin Silverthorne

This study aims to test the Hersey and Blanchard Situation Leadership Theory (SLT) of leadership effectiveness and the impact of the degree of match between leadership…

Downloads
38930

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to test the Hersey and Blanchard Situation Leadership Theory (SLT) of leadership effectiveness and the impact of the degree of match between leadership style and employee readiness level on a variety of measures of leadership outcomes.

Design/methodology/approach

The measures used were employee job satisfaction, job performance, job stress, and turnover intention. SLT argues that an effective leader adopts a leadership style according to the ability and willingness of subordinates for a given task.

Findings

The results did not support SLT predictions that an appropriate match between leadership style and subordinate readiness results in higher levels of subordinate job satisfaction and performance and lower levels of job stress and intention to leave. However, the results did partially support SLT in that, the higher the leader's leadership score, the more effective is the leader's influence. However, the leadership score did not predict job performance. There was a positive correlation between ability and willingness, employee job satisfaction, and job performance. Employee willingness positively correlated with job satisfaction and job performance and was negatively correlated with turnover intention.

Research limitations/implications

The findings from this study apply to the Taiwan culture and may or may not apply to other “Chinese” and non‐Chinese cultures.

Practical implications

The use of the SLT in Taiwan is very widespread, so this study provides empirical evidence of its value when used in Taiwan as a tool to develop and use effective and appropriate leadership abilities.

Originality/value

Few studies have attempted to explore the value of SLT in general and in non‐Western cultures in particular. This study expands our knowledge of leadership issues to an Eastern culture and explores the theory's effectiveness related to several organizational factors.

Details

Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 26 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7739

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 1 May 1986

Rabindra N. Kanungo

Increasing productivity is the major goal of every successful organisation, be it private or public, service or manufacturing. In order to achieve this goal, the…

Abstract

Increasing productivity is the major goal of every successful organisation, be it private or public, service or manufacturing. In order to achieve this goal, the organisation has to depend to a large extent on both covert and overt behaviours of its members. The covert behaviours of organisational members refer to such psychological phenomena as job satisfaction, involvement and other related attitudes and beliefs. The overt behaviours, on the other hand, refer to directly observable behaviours such as absenteeism, tardiness, and other forms of on‐the‐job behaviour. It is the task of organisational psychologists to identify these behaviours and establish specific causal relationships between these behaviours and productivity.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 7 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 1 June 2006

Jui‐Chen Chen, Colin Silverthorne and Jung‐Yao Hung

To further understand the impact of organizational communication and commitment on job stress and performance. Over the past 20 years, the constructs of organizational…

Downloads
16257

Abstract

Purpose

To further understand the impact of organizational communication and commitment on job stress and performance. Over the past 20 years, the constructs of organizational commitment and communication have been studied extensively but little attention has been paid to the relationship between them and other organizational variables such as job performance and stress. Also, differences between employees either in managerial or full time accounting positions and between respondents from the USA and Taiwan were evaluated.

Design/methodology/approach

Differences and relationships were assessed using standardized and valid instruments measuring four organizational variables in Taiwan and the USA.

Findings

No country level difference in stress and communication levels were found but organizational commitment and performance levels were higher in the USA. At the same time, higher levels of organizational communication led to higher levels of organizational commitment and job performance in both countries. Rather surprisingly, stress levels were not found to be related to either organizational communication or job performance. Further, the only measure that indicated a difference between those in managerial and full time accounting positions was work performance which was higher for those doing full time accounting.

Practical implications

The results are discussed in terms of their importance and implications for organizations, particularly those utilizing employees with professional training and operating in different cultures. The finding that stress levels were not reduced by increased organizational communication and had little impact on job performance suggests that in the accounting field stress may play a different role than it does in other professions.

Originality/value

Furthers our understanding on the impact of organizational communication and commitment on job stress and performance.

Details

Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 27 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7739

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 1 August 1997

Magid Igbaria and Conrad Shayo

United States government statistics have shown that although women and minorities have made impressive gains in employment during 1980s, they continue to be…

Abstract

United States government statistics have shown that although women and minorities have made impressive gains in employment during 1980s, they continue to be underrepresented in positions of power and responsibility, especially at the senior management and executive positions. This trend has also been observed in the Information Systems (IS) field (Wilson, 1990). It has been reported that women and blacks encounter a glass ceiling that prevents them from reaching the top levels of IS positions (Johnson, 1990; Morrison and Glinow, 1990). A number of potential causes of this glass ceiling effect have been suggested:

Details

Equal Opportunities International, vol. 16 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0261-0159

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 21 January 2022

Seung Hyun Han, Eunjung Oh, Sung Pil Kang, Sumi Lee and Shin Hee Park

The purpose of this study is to investigate the link between informal learning and employees’ in-role performance and whether the mechanism through informal learning…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the link between informal learning and employees’ in-role performance and whether the mechanism through informal learning mediates the relationships between self-efficacy, job characteristics, trust and in-role performance.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on data (n = 294) obtained from the firms with the Work–Learning Dual System in South Korea, a structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis was conducted.

Findings

The findings indicated that trust and job characteristics affected informal learning and informal learning mediates the relationships of trust and job characteristics with job performance.

Originality/value

The significant contributions of this study to the extant literature on informal learning are as follows: first, the present study investigates a mechanism and a mediating role of informal learning using SEM, while most previous studies in literature have employed qualitative research in informal learning. Second, this study explores the mediating role of informal learning between personal/job-related determinants of informal learning and in-role performance, which has not yet been examined in existing literature. Finally, this study provides practical implications regarding how organizations can facilitate more informal learning among employees to enhance their performance.

Details

Journal of Workplace Learning, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1366-5626

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 16 November 2021

Carla Curado and Rúben Santos

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation among transformational leadership, job satisfaction and adaptive performance of health-care professionals and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation among transformational leadership, job satisfaction and adaptive performance of health-care professionals and administrative personnel of Portuguese non-profit health-care organizations.

Design/methodology/approach

This study collects data using an online survey sent to a nationwide database. This study uses a structural equation modeling approach to specify and estimate models of linear relations among the variables. This study tests the direct and mediated effects proposed by the hypotheses using a sample of non-profit 192 health-care organizations.

Findings

The results show (regardless of being direct health-care professionals or employees performing support functions) that job satisfaction fully mediates the relation between transformational leadership and adaptive performance. Transformational leadership alone and directly seems to have no effect on adaptive performance.

Research limitations/implications

The theoretical implications of this study concern the influence that transformational leadership has on job satisfaction and the consequent indirect influence on performance regardless of being direct health-care professionals or employees performing support functions.

Practical implications

The main managerial contribution of the study regards how health-care organizations’ leaders may contribute to increase employees’ performance by ensuring job satisfaction.

Originality/value

Despite the numerous studies that relate transformational leadership to job satisfaction and performance, there is a gap on research run in health care settings involving both health care and administrative personnel. Transformational leadership can increase the satisfaction of health-care professional and consequently job satisfaction has a positive influence on employees’ adaptive performance.

Details

Leadership in Health Services, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1879

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 2 December 2021

Hilary Omatule Onubi, Nor'Aini Yusof, Ahmad Sanusi Hassan and Ali Ahmed Salem Bahdad

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had major impacts on the performance of construction projects that have adopted social distancing measures. This study…

Abstract

Purpose

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had major impacts on the performance of construction projects that have adopted social distancing measures. This study examines the effect of social distancing measures on project schedule performance through job reorganization on construction project sites.

Design/methodology/approach

Responses were obtained through a survey of 154 construction projects and analysed using the partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) technique.

Findings

The findings established that social distancing has a negative effect on schedule performance, social distancing has a positive effect on job re-organization and job re-organization has a positive effect on schedule performance. Additionally, the results indicate that job re-organization partially mediates the relationship between social distancing and schedule performance, while social distancing moderates the relationship between job re-organization and schedule performance with low social distancing having the stronger positive effect.

Originality/value

This study contributes theoretically to a greater understanding of the impact of adopting COVID-19 safety measures such as social distancing on the schedule performance of construction projects. The study also shows how social distancing could lead to schedule performance through job reorganization.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 2 December 2021

Fabiana Queiroga, Gabriel Carvalho Franco, Felipe Valentini and Érika G.S.A. Andrade

Effort by managers and academics have been applied to understand elements that improving organizational performance and results. This study aims to analyze the…

Abstract

Purpose

Effort by managers and academics have been applied to understand elements that improving organizational performance and results. This study aims to analyze the relationship among job performance, job crafting, work complexity and learning support. The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey in a study with a regression hierarchical (i.e. multilevel) design.

Design/methodology/approach

Sample included 530 respondents of both sexes with ages ranging from 17 to 68 (M = 33.9; SD = 9.75). Participants were employees from 53 public and private organizations located in the Southeast of Brazil. They answered the scales: General Self-Assessment Scale of Job Performance, Job Crafting Behaviors, Learning Support and Subjective Task Complexity.

Findings

The results indicated that variance in job performance due to the differences among the organizations and learning support can explain 22% of variance at this level. Job crafting explained 22% of the job performance variance at level 1 (worker). It is concluded that the development of actions concerning job crafting and the relationship with the work context predict performance at work. Thus, the authors highlight the importance of maintaining individual-focused management practices, meaning that focusing on workers development promotes good results at the organization.

Originality/value

Results revealed practical implications through individual performance considered in a multilevel perspective both in Levels 1 and 2, which is not the most common for this variable. They could be especially important in scenarios that will demand adaptability and work modification, as the actual ones were observed in the contemporary world of work.

Details

International Journal of Organizational Analysis, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1934-8835

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 29 September 2021

Changyu Wang, Tianyu Yuan and Jiaojiao Feng

The purpose of this study is to answer whether and how supervisor–subordinate instrumental or expressive ties based on enterprise social media (ESM) might enhance employee…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to answer whether and how supervisor–subordinate instrumental or expressive ties based on enterprise social media (ESM) might enhance employee performance.

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing on social exchange theory, this study developed a theoretical model to explore the influencing mechanism of different supervisor–subordinate ties based on ESM on employee job performance. The model was empirically tested through 219 ESM users.

Findings

The results revealed that supervisor–subordinate instrumental ties based on ESM play a positive role in employee job performance, while supervisor–subordinate expressive ties based on ESM are not significantly related to employee job performance. Supervisor–subordinate instrumental ties and expressive ties based on ESM can positively influence employee job performance through the mediating effect of organizational trust. Besides, perceived performance climate can weaken the relation of organizational trust to job performance, and then weaken the indirect relations via the mediating of organizational trust.

Originality/value

Our findings advance the understanding of ESM use through various underlying mechanisms and have the potential of guiding organizations to fine-tune their social media usage strategies.

Details

Journal of Enterprise Information Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0398

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 21 October 2021

Gullu Gencer, Hakan Atay, Arzu Gurdogan and Ulker Colakoglu

This study aims to measure the effect of organizational culture perceptions of hotel employees on their organizational silence behavior and job performance, as well as the…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to measure the effect of organizational culture perceptions of hotel employees on their organizational silence behavior and job performance, as well as the effect of their organizational silence behavior on their job performance.

Design/methodology/approach

A correlational survey model was used in this research and a questionnaire was distributed to collect the data from 389 sampled employees working in four- and five-star hotels in the Kusadasi region in Turkey.

Findings

It was found that organizational culture was not significantly related to organizational silence but that organizational culture and its dimensions were significantly related to job performance. It was also revealed that while organizational silence was not significantly related to job performance, its dimensions were significantly related to job performance.

Practical implications

The results of this study provide insight into organizational culture as an important factor in increasing job performance. The study also revealed how organizational silence behavior and its dimensions affect job performance. In this sense, accommodation establishments will be able to acquire new perspectives in terms of improving job performance.

Originality/value

This paper is deemed important, as it examined these three terms in one model in the field of tourism management. It is thought that it will contribute to the literature by closing the gap in the tourism literature while leading the way for future studies.

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2514-9792

Keywords

1 – 10 of over 96000