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Book part
Publication date: 24 November 2021

Paulami Mitra, Jill R. Kickul and Colleen Robb

Extant literature on entrepreneurship highlights the importance of the entrepreneurs' social network in mobilizing resources for their ventures. Over the last few years…

Abstract

Extant literature on entrepreneurship highlights the importance of the entrepreneurs' social network in mobilizing resources for their ventures. Over the last few years, entrepreneurial crowdfunding opportunities have become a subject of growing research interest as it acts as a tool to mobilize financial resources. However, many of these studies are limited within the scope of new ventures, creative industries, and commercial entrepreneurship. In this study, we examine crowdfunding within the context of social entrepreneurship in order to gain a deeper understanding of the motivation and the characteristics of the pool of individuals that contribute to social entrepreneurial crowdfunding. Data for this study have been collected from four cases of social entrepreneurial crowdfunding campaigns. The campaigners, who raised the funds in France for social ventures based in India, shared their knowledge of 157 individuals that contributed to their crowdfunding campaign. The findings inform that crowdfunders mainly originate from the crowdfunding campaigner's helper network, such as family, friends, and colleagues. A small percentage were also acquaintances and strangers. This network of individuals was motivated to support the campaigner achieve her/his goal or was attracted to the social cause that triggered them in creating a social impact. Moreover, the crowdfunders were generally open-minded and well-traveled individuals accustomed to participating in social and voluntary activities. Our study reveals that some members of the helper network are likely to disappoint by not supporting the crowdfunding campaign, thus emphasizing a twist to the existing literature on entrepreneurship. This has practical implications that prompt social entrepreneurs to exercise their social capital, networking skills, and communication strategies to attract and expand their community of helpers in order to trigger individuals from both their helper network as well as individuals outside their current network toward crowdfunding.

Details

Social Entrepreneurship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80043-790-6

Keywords

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 24 November 2021

Abstract

Details

Social Entrepreneurship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80043-790-6

Article
Publication date: 27 September 2011

Ren Lu and Jing Ma

The emergence of “interorganizational marketing” as a hot topic leads to one key question: can interorganizational governance mechanisms (socialization, incentives, and…

Abstract

Purpose

The emergence of “interorganizational marketing” as a hot topic leads to one key question: can interorganizational governance mechanisms (socialization, incentives, and monitoring) offered by marketing theory be applied to China, an emerging economy characterized by the Chinese guanxi relationship? The purpose of this paper is to seek to answer this question by introducing the importance of guanxi roles and by illustrating how to apply proper governance mechanisms to roles activation in Chinese business practice. The paper finds that the answer is “yes” and develops a theoretical model to show such interactions.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper applies interorganizational strategies to interpersonal relationships. Guanxi was categorized into three categories – family members, helpers and business partners – which meet each of the three governance mechanisms (in addition to favoring exchange as a special and typical Chinese governance mechanism) in the model.

Findings

Through ex post role activation, the paper argues that guanxi is a dynamic balance and the ways in which various governance mechanisms can set roles will lead to the roles either changing (reinforcement or dilution) or switching (helper to business partner, and vice versa). It seems futile to implement external governance mechanisms on family ties (the main category of guanxi) that have been firmly rooted in Chinese culture. On the other hand, applying the four mentioned governance mechanisms could reinforce, maintain, or dilute helper and business partner roles, or even make it possible to switch from one to another.

Originality/value

The paper proposes a new concept regarding relationship marketing, namely the application of governance mechanisms to interpersonal relationships, which provides people doing business in China with a new perspective for reference.

Details

Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-4323

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 3 November 2005

Eileen J. Porter

Older women living in medically underserved areas (MUA) might have particular problems with access to health care. This is an in-depth report of the accessibility issues…

Abstract

Older women living in medically underserved areas (MUA) might have particular problems with access to health care. This is an in-depth report of the accessibility issues raised by six frail older women (age 82–93 years) during a longitudinal descriptive phenomenological study of the experience of home care. Three White women lived in the same rural MUA, and three Black women lived in the same urban MUA. The need for health service was understood subjectively and prospectively as the personal perception of a situation requiring relief or supply. Some women reported presenting needs for accessibility to providers, whereas others reported needs for their future accessibility to providers or services. Some intentions were likely linked to residence location, and residence in a rural MUA was relevant to the phenomenon of securing the help that I might need down the road. Feasibility was proposed as a new parameter of access. Research and practice implications were proposed.

Details

Health Care Services, Racial and Ethnic Minorities and Underserved Populations: Patient and Provider Perspectives
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-249-8

Book part
Publication date: 5 April 2019

Raimund Hasse

While some institutionalists have highlighted the explanatory power of organizational actors, others stress their social construction. In line with the latter perspective…

Abstract

While some institutionalists have highlighted the explanatory power of organizational actors, others stress their social construction. In line with the latter perspective, the author states in the first part that, except from meta-theoretical reflections, the social sciences tend to utilize actor concepts without further reflection. The author also shows how actors are reproduced in social practice, excessively in media semantics and more rigid in legal affairs, and that experts and professional helpers constantly reproduce actor images and identities. The second part focuses on the differences between the three dominant types of actors: states, organizations, and individuals. Although rationalization constructs the three different types of actors, which share much in common as institutionally derived entities, each type – still – has its own distinctive qualities: welfare issues are crucial for states; emotional qualities are a characteristic feature of individuals; and stakeholder sensitivity is paramount for organizational actors.

Details

Agents, Actors, Actorhood: Institutional Perspectives on the Nature of Agency, Action, and Authority
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-081-9

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 15 March 2011

Helen Lockett, Mark Johnson, Steve Evans and Marko Bastl

In recent years there has been increasing interest in Product Service Systems (PSSs) as a business model for selling integrated product and service offerings. To date…

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Abstract

Purpose

In recent years there has been increasing interest in Product Service Systems (PSSs) as a business model for selling integrated product and service offerings. To date, there has been extensive research into the benefits of PSS to manufacturers and their customers, but there has been limited research into the effect of PSS on the upstream supply chain. This paper seeks to address this gap in the research.

Design/methodology/approach

The research uses case‐based research which is appropriate for exploratory research of this type. In‐depth interviews were conducted with key personnel in a focal firm and two members of its supply chain, and the results were analysed to identify emergent themes.

Findings

The research has identified differences in supplier behaviour dependent on their role in PSS delivery and their relationship with the PSS provider. In particular, it suggests that for a successful partnership it is important to align the objectives between PSS provider and suppliers.

Originality/value

This research provides a detailed investigation into a PSS supply chain and highlights the complexity of roles and relationships among the organizations within it. It will be of value to other PSS researchers and organizations transitioning to the delivery of PSS.

Details

Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, vol. 22 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-038X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 January 2007

Andrea Furlan, Roberto Grandinetti and Arnaldo Camuffo

The purpose of this study is to investigate how small and medium sized subcontracting firms evolve.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate how small and medium sized subcontracting firms evolve.

Design/methodology/approach

A cluster analysis was applied to a sample of 417 North East Italian subcontractors to explore if (and to what extent) Italian subcontractors differ and can be classified on the basis of their design and marketing capabilities. Using this classification as a starting point, multiple case study analysis is conducted on a sample of ten subcontractors and a model developed of how subcontractors' capabilities evolve over time.

Findings

Four profiles of subcontractors are identified as a function of their design and marketing capabilities: developed, developing, question mark and traditional. A model is proposed to understand and predict subcontractors' evolution. In the model knowledge codification, supply management, design and marketing capabilities mutually reinforce one another and tend to align over time.

Research limitations/implications

Firstly, future research should articulate the four clusters identified. Secondly, the framework for subcontractors' evolution should be tested on large‐scale databases. Thirdly, more accurate measures of subcontractors' capabilities should be conceived and tested.

Practical implications

Results of this study are critical for industrial buyers who need to segment their subcontractors and understand how their marketing and design capabilities evolve. Moreover, they are also critical for subcontractors' managers who wish to avoid cost‐based strategies, enlarge their customer base, broaden their international scope and engage in durable relationships with their customers.

Originality/value

This study proposes an original model of subcontractors' classification and evolution and suggests good practices to design and manage supply networks.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 27 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1987

Barbara B. Stern

Associate Professor, Department of Business Administration at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Barbara Stern sets out three games for women in networks to play…

Abstract

Associate Professor, Department of Business Administration at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Barbara Stern sets out three games for women in networks to play to acquire authority, expertise, or charisma—whichever form of power they prefer.

Details

Women in Management Review, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0964-9425

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1993

Eileen Evason and Dorothy Whittington

Notes the increased emphasis on community care in the NHS and suggests that “informal welfare” models of delivering such care pose particular quality and quality assurance…

Abstract

Notes the increased emphasis on community care in the NHS and suggests that “informal welfare” models of delivering such care pose particular quality and quality assurance problems. Consumer satisfaction in the community context is taken to mean both user satisfaction and carer satisfaction. Presents results from a Northern Ireland study of carers. The carers interviewed drew a distinction between quality and quantity of services received. Individual services were rated highly but there was demand for more and anxiety about future needs. Personal costs of care in lost employment, relationship and financial opportunities were also indicated. Concludes that carers are a valid and useful source of quality feedback.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 6 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 31 December 2010

Swarna Weerasinghe and Matthew Numer

This article presents a study of the social, emotional and physical health lifestyle behaviours of a socially marginalised segment of Canada's population: retired…

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Abstract

This article presents a study of the social, emotional and physical health lifestyle behaviours of a socially marginalised segment of Canada's population: retired, widowed, immigrant mothers from a South Asian country. Using a narrative research process, we explore how present physical, emotional and social health leisure activities are influenced by behaviours from their childhood, with emphasis on migration to Canada, retirement and widowing as lifestyle behavioural change points. Our sample of immigrant women were living in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada during the time of the study. The study employed narrative inquiry, which is often used in migration studies. Our qualitative data analyses uncovered themes that linked present social health activities and early life behaviours and the influence on them of cultural constraints or stimulants. Three forms of sociocultural influences, gender segregation, patriarchal protection and early preparation for marriage, shaped adolescence and adult life as less physically active but more emotionally and socially healthy. Later life events, migration, retirement and widowing, enabled women to gain freedom to renegotiate and reconstruct late‐life styles to be more physically and socially active through ethno‐cultural social networks they had built after migration. The concluding discussion makes recommendations for health and social programme planning to draw attention to cultural realms that could help these women become physically active after migration without compromising traditional social behaviours.

Details

International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, vol. 6 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1747-9894

Keywords

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