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New asymptotic approximations are established for the Wald and t statistics in the presence of unknown but strong autocorrelation. The asymptotic theory extends the usual…
New asymptotic approximations are established for the Wald and t statistics in the presence of unknown but strong autocorrelation. The asymptotic theory extends the usual fixed-smoothing asymptotics under weak dependence to allow for near-unit-root and weak-unit-root processes. As the locality parameter that characterizes the neighborhood of the autoregressive root increases from zero to infinity, the new fixed-smoothing asymptotic distribution changes smoothly from the unit-root fixed-smoothing asymptotics to the usual fixed-smoothing asymptotics under weak dependence. Simulations show that the new approximation is more accurate than the usual fixed-smoothing approximation.
Purpose – In this chapter, copula theory is used to model dependence structure between hedge fund returns series.Methodology/approach – Goodness-of-fit tests, based on the…
Purpose – In this chapter, copula theory is used to model dependence structure between hedge fund returns series.
Methodology/approach – Goodness-of-fit tests, based on the Kendall's functions, are applied as selection criteria of the “best” copula. After estimating the parametric copula that best fits the used data, we apply previous results to construct the cumulative distribution functions of the equally weighted portfolios.
Findings – The empirical validation shows that copula clearly allows better estimation of portfolio returns including hedge funds. The three studied portfolios reject the assumption of multivariate normality of returns. The chosen structure is often of Student type when only indices are considered. In the case of portfolios composed by only hedge funds, the dependence structure is of Franck type.
Originality/value of the chapter – Introducing goodness-of-fit bootstrap method to validate the choice of the best structure of dependence is relevant for hedge fund portfolios. Copulas would be introduced to provide better estimations of performance measures.
This is a survey paper of the recent literature on the application of semiparametric–econometric advances to testing for functional form of the environmental Kuznets curve…
This is a survey paper of the recent literature on the application of semiparametric–econometric advances to testing for functional form of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC). The EKC postulates that there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between economic growth (typically measured by income) and pollution; that is, as economic growth expands, pollution increases up to a maximum and then starts declining after a threshold level of income. This hypothesized relationship is simple to visualize but has eluded many empirical investigations. A typical application of the EKC uses panel data models, which allows for heterogeneity, serial correlation, heteroskedasticity, data pooling, and smooth coefficients. This vast literature is reviewed in the context of semiparametric model specification tests. Additionally, recent developments in semiparametric econometrics, such as Bayesian methods, generalized time-varying coefficient models, and nonstationary panels are discussed as fruitful areas of future research. The cited literature is fairly complete and should prove useful to applied researchers at large.