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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2006

Päivikki Karhula

The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of library associations in Finland, which is unique in that there are four library associations within a common…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of library associations in Finland, which is unique in that there are four library associations within a common infrastructure established by the National Library.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper looks at all four library associations in Finland.

Findings

The paper finds that the associations have become part of a nationally connected series of projects and are working to create more commitment from the professionals who either make or break the associations.

Originality/value

As a model Finland's library associations have many lessons to offer into the future.

Details

Library Management, vol. 27 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-5124

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1975

L.S. Adler

It is always useful at the beginning of any discourse to define the subject under discussion. I should therefore like to start by defining what a trade association is…

Abstract

It is always useful at the beginning of any discourse to define the subject under discussion. I should therefore like to start by defining what a trade association is. This may seem a little superfluous but experience shows that there is considerable diversity of opinion not only on what a trade association is but also on what it does. This in itself is not surprising because associations differ in type, function and size, depending upon their history and the nature of the industry or business group whom they represent.

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Aslib Proceedings, vol. 27 no. 11/12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1978

A.B. Davey and J. MacLachlan

In recent years the British Research Associations have come of age commercially. There are a number of reasons for this including changes in Government grant policies…

Abstract

In recent years the British Research Associations have come of age commercially. There are a number of reasons for this including changes in Government grant policies, but, by way of introduction, let us simply say that they are now in business. They are in business just as much as any of their Members are in business in their fields. Part of that business, and a very important part, is the supply of information services; and the fact that the Research Associations are now operating in a commercial way should significantly increase their contribution to the nation's information store and reputation.

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Aslib Proceedings, vol. 30 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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Article
Publication date: 28 October 2014

Todd H. Kuethe, Brian Briggeman, Nicholas D. Paulson and Ani L. Katchova

– The purpose of this paper is to compare the characteristics of farms who participate in farm management associations to the wider population of farms at the state level.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to compare the characteristics of farms who participate in farm management associations to the wider population of farms at the state level.

Design/methodology/approach

Farm-level records obtained from the USDA's Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) are compared to similar data obtained from farm management associations in three states: Illinois, Kansas, and Kentucky.

Findings

Data collected through farm management associations tend to represent larger farms and a greater share of crop producers as compared to livestock producers. Association data, however, capture a greater share of younger farm operators.

Originality/value

This is the first study to compare farm statistics from several farm management associations to ARMS, and the study confirms the findings of existing studies of prior USDA surveys.

Details

Agricultural Finance Review, vol. 74 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-1466

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1984

Maureen Guirdham

The sources of complexity and variability which lead to marketing organisations having to perform a range of functions or roles in dealing with trades associations are…

Abstract

The sources of complexity and variability which lead to marketing organisations having to perform a range of functions or roles in dealing with trades associations are discussed. Then sources of conflict in trades association/marketing relationships are considered, with their implications for marketing management. All these factors taken together point to the need for a new approach to the development and implementation of marketing plans.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 84 no. 9/10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1982

Mary Ellen Kyger Davis

The Encyclopedia of Associations is a directory of national nonprofit organizations in the United States, offering detailed information about associations in a wide…

Abstract

The Encyclopedia of Associations is a directory of national nonprofit organizations in the United States, offering detailed information about associations in a wide variety of fields. Begun largely as a directory of business related organizations, the Encyclopedia of Associations (EA) expanded coverage to include 17 distinct areas such as public affairs organizations, hobby and avocational organizations, and athletic and sports organizations. The EA has also increased the amount of information given with each entry. In addition to the standard identification data given in the first edition, information now covers such points as conventions, publications, and affiliated organizations. Throughout its various editions readers have been encouraged to submit corrections, comments, and suggestions to the publisher so that EA could continue to be an accurate tool in a usable format.

Details

Reference Services Review, vol. 10 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

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Article
Publication date: 12 October 2021

Haki Pamuk, Marcel van Asseldonk, Ruerd Ruben, Tumainiely Kweka, Cor Wattel and Joseph Phillip Hella

Institutional structures of rural savings and loan associations influence their performances. One of the guiding principles for defining clear group membership boundaries…

Abstract

Purpose

Institutional structures of rural savings and loan associations influence their performances. One of the guiding principles for defining clear group membership boundaries is by setting rules on who has access. Social ties is a prominent requirement for membership. The objective of the current study is to provide quantitative evidence on the role of social ties membership criteria for the performance of saving and loan associations.

Design/methodology/approach

A cross-sectional survey was conducted in July–August 2019 comprising 48 associations in 13 villages in the Iringa District of Tanzania. In the current study, the authors use two indicators to measure the social ties between members, namely social closed association (the association applies criteria to accept only members who are relatives, friends or from the same hamlet) and physical distance (the fraction of members from other villages).

Findings

The authors find that associations are diverse both in terms of social ties, physical distance and performance, even in a small homogeneous region like Iringa District. Providing loans more easily to members with social ties has a negative relationship with loan repayment rates. Associations applying the social closeness criteria experience higher default rates than those not applying. The default rates become even worse when the fraction of member members from other villages increases in the socially tied associations.

Practical implications

Physically distant members are more likely to default as they perceive less social pressure in an association with socially tied members. Development practitioners and policy makers should integrate the potential implications.

Originality/value

The authors provide empirical evidence on the relevance of social ties on credit access and repayment in savings and loan associations, using a novel multi-level data on financial performance in the context of community-based finance organizations in rural areas.

Details

Agricultural Finance Review, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-1466

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Book part
Publication date: 17 October 2018

Jelena Brankovic

How do organizational associations affect extra-organizational boundaries? This chapter addresses this question by looking into the long-established practice among…

Abstract

How do organizational associations affect extra-organizational boundaries? This chapter addresses this question by looking into the long-established practice among universities to form associations. In order to examine how associations delineate boundaries in universities’ institutional environment, the chapter draws on the scholarly work on categories and conceptualizes associations as meta-organizations. The chapter finds that category-based identities, and other organizational characteristics, enacted to demarcate members from non-members play a central role in this process. In following these lines of demarcation on a sample of 185 national and international university associations a typology emerges, accompanied by a global diffusion pattern. Three sets of institutional conditions are then identified as being conducive to this process: (1) the twentieth-century university expansion and the consolidation of national higher education fields, (2) the intensification of cross-border interaction and the advent of international institutions, and (3) the formation of a global field and the rise of competition as an ideological imperative.

Details

Toward Permeable Boundaries of Organizations?
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-829-3

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Book part
Publication date: 22 February 2010

Howard R. Stanger

The growth of organized labor during the latter part of the nineteenth century triggered an organizational impulse on the part of employers across the country. Although…

Abstract

The growth of organized labor during the latter part of the nineteenth century triggered an organizational impulse on the part of employers across the country. Although some employers’ associations began as “negotiatory” bodies engaged in collective bargaining, the vast majority of them shifted toward a more “belligerent” approach. Academic scholarship has generally focused on the belligerents at the national level. Recently, some scholars have begun to study organized employers at the community level, but they continue to feature the more typical staunchly anti-union associations. This study of Columbus, Ohio's master printers’ association reveals a different pattern of local labor relations during the years between 1887 and 1960 – an association that had generally smooth bargaining relationships with craft unions. Columbus’ conservative and sheltered economy enabled the longstanding cooperative shared printing craft culture to thrive. But changes in Columbus’ economy, shifts in larger patterns of industrial relations, the hard-line influence of the national employers’ association, and technological changes altered the context of local labor relations. The result was that, by 1960, the Columbus association sought the upper hand in labor relations by becoming a more traditional and belligerent employers’ association. This story of “latecomers” adds to our understanding of organized employer behavior under different historical periods and circumstances.

Details

Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-932-9

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Book part
Publication date: 27 November 2014

Jacques Defourny and Victor Pestoff

There is still no universal definition of the third sector in Europe, but it can be seen as including all types of non-governmental not-for-profit entities such as…

Abstract

There is still no universal definition of the third sector in Europe, but it can be seen as including all types of non-governmental not-for-profit entities such as non-profit organizations, mutuals, cooperatives, social enterprises and foundations. This article attempts to make sense of the current shifting conceptualization of the third sector in Europe. It is based on short country summaries of the images and concepts of the third sector in 13 European countries by EMES Network’s members, first presented in 2008 (Defourny and Pestoff, 2008; nine of them were recently revised and are found in the appendix to this article.). The perception and development of the third sector in Europe is closely related to the other major social governance institutions/mechanisms, like the market, state and community and through the third sector’s interaction with them. Moreover, many third sector organizations (TSOs) overlap with these other social institutions, resulting in varying degrees of hybridity and internal tensions experienced by them. TSOs can generate resources from their activities on the market, by providing services in partnership with the state and/or by promoting the interests of a given community or group. The country overviews document a growing professionalization of TSOs in most countries and a growing dependency of public funds to provide services. This has important theoretical and practical implications for orienting the articles included in this book. Thus, it can provide a key for better understanding the discussion and analysis in the remainder of this volume.

Details

Accountability and Social Accounting for Social and Non-Profit Organizations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-004-9

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