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Book part
Publication date: 13 May 2017

Juho Honkasilta

This chapter is based on compulsory school experiences of students diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and their parents in the educational…

Abstract

This chapter is based on compulsory school experiences of students diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and their parents in the educational context of Finland. Located in the theoretical framework of Disability Studies, the chapter aims to contribute to theory of inclusive education by initiating a new dialogue on conceptual foundations of inclusive schooling. In this regard, the chapter first deconstructs the concept of educational need that stems from the field of traditional special education as contradictory to the original ideals of inclusive education. It then moves on to reconstruct the concept of educational need in accordance with the foundational values of inclusion, that is celebration of human diversity and resistance to dichotomies of ab-/normality and dis-/ability and proposes an approach for future implementation of inclusive education.

Details

Working with Families for Inclusive Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-260-2

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1978

Ivan Sharman

Potassium, like sodium, is essential for the normal physiological functioning of the body. Both these elements are chemically very similar but in the body sodium is…

Abstract

Potassium, like sodium, is essential for the normal physiological functioning of the body. Both these elements are chemically very similar but in the body sodium is present in the free fluids whereas potassium is mainly in the fluids within the cells, for example, in the muscles and red corpuscles of the blood. Potassium has a complementary action with sodium in the functioning of cells and its concentration within any particular cell is closely controlled.

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Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 78 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Book part
Publication date: 17 December 2016

Melissa Jane Welch

The purpose of this paper is to unpack the tenuous relationship between medical sociology and disability studies, particularly as it relates to the work of Irving Zola.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to unpack the tenuous relationship between medical sociology and disability studies, particularly as it relates to the work of Irving Zola.

Findings

Many attribute the division between these disciplines to their starkly different and oft competing approaches to disability; however, I argue that a closer examination reveals a number of commonalities between the two.

Implications

I use Irving K. Zola’s extensive body of scholarship to demonstrate the connections between these divergent approaches to disability, and imagine what his legacy has to offer to the advancement of a diverse sociology of disability.

Value

Neither focus is more correct than the other, as considering these bodies of work together presents a number of opportunities to advance a more comprehensive sociological theory – not just of disability – but of ableism and its intersections with other forms of oppression as well.

Details

Sociology Looking at Disability: What Did We Know and When Did We Know it
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-478-5

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Article
Publication date: 31 July 2020

Sean Thomas

This paper aims to examine the effect of circular economy’s ending of waste on marginal property practices.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the effect of circular economy’s ending of waste on marginal property practices.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper utilises doctrinal and theoretical legal analysis, along with theoretical perspectives and qualitative empirical evidence drawn from non-legal academic disciplines.

Findings

The current legalistic conception of waste depends on control and value. The indeterminate status of waste as goods at the margins of consumption attracts attention from legal regimes. This process is evidenced by a commercialised treatment of goods at the margins of consumption, limiting the scope of radical marginal property practices such as freeganism (taking goods abandoned by others, to use such goods).

Social implications

The circular economy aims to end waste. Restriction, and ultimately elimination, of marginal property practices is necessary for circular economy. Freegans will be limited to acting in a “challenge” role, identifying breaches of commercial commodification processes. Control over the use (including disposal) of goods reduces the spaces available for marginal property practices, which in turn raises problematic normative implications for “normal” consumption practices involving waste.

Originality/value

This is the first examination of the impact of circular economy on freeganism. It is also the first sustained application of marginal property theory (van der Walt, 2009) in a legal analysis of circular economy and waste.

Details

Journal of Property, Planning and Environmental Law, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2514-9407

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1973

The new authorities created by this Act, probably the most important local government measure of the century, will be voted into existence during 1973 and commence…

Abstract

The new authorities created by this Act, probably the most important local government measure of the century, will be voted into existence during 1973 and commence functioning on 1st April 1974. Their responsibilities and the problems facing them are in many ways quite different and of greater complexity than those with which existing councils have had to cope. In its passage through the Lords, a number of amendments were made to the Act, but in the main, it is a scheme of reorganization originally produced after years of discussion and long sessions in the Commons. Local government reorganization in Scotland takes place one year later and for Northern Ireland, we must continue to wait and pray for a return of sanity.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 75 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1980

IT was last July that we denounced the Bullock proposals because of our conviction that they would not work. True, that was not by any means the first time that we had…

Abstract

IT was last July that we denounced the Bullock proposals because of our conviction that they would not work. True, that was not by any means the first time that we had voiced that opinion. We said so, firmly, from the moment that they were promulgated. There was so much against them.

Details

Work Study, vol. 29 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1986

D.M. Hunns

By developing ideas which attempt to identify and explain some of the more commonly occurring psychological mechanisms of human error this article aims to provide a…

Abstract

By developing ideas which attempt to identify and explain some of the more commonly occurring psychological mechanisms of human error this article aims to provide a background of understanding which will be helpful to the systems analyst in his task of predictive reliability assessment. A simple hypothetical model of the mind is described from which human error mechanisms are explained. An underlying theme is that of communication. Accepting that accidents develop when there arises a persisting misalignment between the true state of a system and the operator's perception of that state, the article examines the processes by which this updating takes place. An experimental technique “communications analysis” is presented as a possible analyst‐aid for the prediction of error‐event sequences. The technique is illustrated by application to a nineteenth‐century railway signalling system.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 3 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

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Article
Publication date: 11 March 2014

Laura Dobusch

The purpose of this paper is to anchor the buzzword “inclusive organisation” in a theory-based perspective by identifying meanings of inclusion and exclusion in various…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to anchor the buzzword “inclusive organisation” in a theory-based perspective by identifying meanings of inclusion and exclusion in various scientific discourses.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper provides an overview about inclusion/exclusion and its different usage in four “western” scientific discourses. By analysing the role of organisations in each discourse, relevant aspects for specifying the concept of “inclusive organisations” are identified.

Findings

The concept of “inclusive organisations” needs to be grounded in a wider industry context for determining adequate action strategies towards inclusiveness. More attention should be paid to the excluding effects of including measures and resulting changes in power relations.

Research limitations/implications

The conceptual approach of the paper needs to be anchored in further empirical research on the measurability of inclusion/exclusion within organisations and on the implementation of organisational practices towards more inclusiveness.

Originality/value

The value of the paper is its interdisciplinary approach to concepts of organisational inclusion and exclusion that are usually analysed separately. This fresh perspective paves the way for an original contribution to further develop the idea of “inclusive organisations”.

Details

Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, vol. 33 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-7149

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1988

Scott G. Burgh

As the disease of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) continues to affect more persons, the literature on AIDS proliferates. While most of the AIDS literature is…

Abstract

As the disease of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) continues to affect more persons, the literature on AIDS proliferates. While most of the AIDS literature is written for a general or a medical audience, the information on AIDS found in United States government publications illustrates the political dimensions of the disease. Issues contained in these documents include subjects such as the lack of serious funding for AIDS research and congressional testimony by persons with AIDS. Reports of scientific advances through executive agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control are also found in these documents.

Details

Collection Building, vol. 8 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0160-4953

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Article
Publication date: 7 September 2015

Anton Dosen and Johan De Groef

Annoying and bothersome behaviours among persons with developmental disabilities (DD) is a relatively frequent phenomenon. However, not all behaviour that is difficult to…

Abstract

Purpose

Annoying and bothersome behaviours among persons with developmental disabilities (DD) is a relatively frequent phenomenon. However, not all behaviour that is difficult to accept in its surroundings should be seen as abnormal or problem behaviour (PB). Some of these behaviours may be an expression of a person’s psychosocial needs and may be considered as adaptive and normal. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Authors attempt to discuss relevant issues in persons with DD which have an impact on their behaviour, intending in this way to define criteria for a reliable differentiation between normal and abnormal behaviour and psychiatric disorders.

Findings

Differentiating between normal and abnormal may be a difficult task for a professional treating persons with DD because of the lack of adequate criteria for such differentiation. The problem becomes even more complex when one attempts to differentiate between PB and psychiatric disorder. By approaching the subject from a developmental perspective and by determining the level of the person’s emotional development, insight in subjective person’s experiences was achieved. On the ground of a “good practice” the authors made schemata outlining criteria for differentiation between these constructs.

Originality/value

The application of these schemata in the practice made it easier to establish appropriate diagnoses and was favourable for the planning of adequate treatment and support of persons with DD and mental health problems.

Details

Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, vol. 9 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1282

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