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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1991

ZHEFENG SUN and DENYS BREYSSE

Simplified methods are often employed for the analysis of reinforced concrete beams (R‐C beams). A three‐dimensional problem (3D) is often transformed into a…

Abstract

Simplified methods are often employed for the analysis of reinforced concrete beams (R‐C beams). A three‐dimensional problem (3D) is often transformed into a two‐dimensional problem (2D) with some assumptions which are usually established in static. The essential reason for this simplification lies in the fact that the 3D finite element analysis is so expensive that it is impossible to study directly the non‐linear behaviour of R‐C beams in many cases. Our purpose is to present a specific method which allows the direct 3D analysis of R‐C beams with a suitable numerical cost. First, the 3D linear heterogeneous beam theory is briefly recalled as well as the continuum damage model used for concrete. Second, the non‐linear behaviour of concrete is introduced in the 3D beam theory. Several numerical examples illustrate the effectiveness of the method.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 11 April 2018

Kareen Brown, Fayez A. Elayan, Jingyu Li and Zhefeng Liu

The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether US regulatory actions around reverse mergers (RM) have exerted any spillover effects on the Chinese firms listed in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether US regulatory actions around reverse mergers (RM) have exerted any spillover effects on the Chinese firms listed in China and whether Chinese firms have exhibited lower financial reporting quality than their US counterparts.

Design/methodology/approach

To test the possible spillover effect, this paper calculates three-day cumulative average abnormal returns (CAAR) and the aggregate CAAR for a series of US regulatory actions in 2010 and 2011. The study then compares the accrual quality, conditional conservatism, and information content of accruals of Chinese firms and US firms.

Findings

The paper documents a spillover effect of US actions around RM on Chinese stocks listed in China. Overall results do not support the perception that Chinese firms have lower financial reporting quality than their US counterparts.

Research limitations/implications

While this study provides evidence consistent with investors perceiving poor financial reporting quality among Chinese firms, that perception is not justified by empirical evidence.

Practical implications

Investors need not be overly concerned about the financial reporting quality among the Chinese firms when they make asset allocation decisions.

Social implications

A reality check is important given that perceptions may be outdated, biased, misleading, and costly.

Originality/value

This study puts the financial reporting quality of Chinese firms into perspective helping global investors assess information risk for optimal resource allocation.

Details

China Finance Review International, vol. 8 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1398

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