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The purpose of this paper is to propose a fault diagnosis method for rolling bearings, in which the fault feature extraction is realized in a two-dimensional domain using…
The purpose of this paper is to propose a fault diagnosis method for rolling bearings, in which the fault feature extraction is realized in a two-dimensional domain using scale invariant feature transform (SIFT) algorithm. This method is different from those methods extracting fault feature directly from the traditional one-dimensional domain.
The vibration signal of rolling bearings is first transformed into a two-dimensional image. Then, the SIFT algorithm is applied to the image to extract the scale invariant feature vector which is highly distinctive and insensitive to noises and working condition variation. As the extracted feature vector is high-dimensional, kernel principal component analysis (KPCA) algorithm is utilized to reduce the dimension of the feature vector, and singular value decomposition technique is used to extract the singular values of the reduced feature vector. Finally, these singular values are introduced into a support vector machine (SVM) classifier to realize fault classification.
The experiment results show a high fault classification accuracy based on the proposed method.
The proposed approach for rolling bearing fault diagnosis based on SIFT-KPCA and SVM is highly effective in the experiment. The practical value in engineering application of this method can be researched in the future.