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Article
Publication date: 10 September 2020

You-De Dai, Wen-Long Zhuang, Sung-Cheng Lu and Tzung-Cheng Huan

The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of psychological ownership on work engagement and job burnout within international tourist hotel employees, and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of psychological ownership on work engagement and job burnout within international tourist hotel employees, and simultaneously examine the moderating role of regulatory foci.

Design/methodology/approach

This research collected questionnaire samples from the employees of international tourist hotels in the cities of Taiwan (Taipei, Taichung and Kaohsiung) and China (Xiamen and Quanzhou). Purposive sampling was adopted. In total, 300 questionnaires were distributed to each hotel, and the total number of questionnaires finally distributed reached 1,500.

Findings

This research applies social identity theory and regulatory theory to develop a new research framework with the sample of the employees in the five-star international tourism hotel. This study found that psychological ownership has a significant and positive effect on work engagement and has a negative effect on job burnout. In addition, regulatory foci moderate the relationship between psychological ownership and work engagement as well as the relationship between psychological ownership and job burnout respectively. These analytic results fill the research gap within the literature in relation to the moderating effects of a regulatory focus on psychological ownership’s relationships to work engagement and job burnout.

Originality/value

This study explains how employees with high psychological ownership will develop higher work engagement and lower job burnout. In addition, this research also includes regulatory foci as a situational variable to examine the moderating relationship with psychological ownership, work engagement, and job burnout.

目的

本研究的目的是探讨心理所有权对国际旅游酒店员工的工作投入和工作倦怠的影响, 同时检视调节焦点的调节作用。

设计/方法/步骤

本项研究运用台湾(台北, 台中和高雄)和中国(厦门和泉州)两个城市的国际旅游饭店的员工那里收集了问卷样本。本研究采用目的抽样, 各地共发放问卷300份, 总数达到1,500份。

研究结果

本研究透过应用社会认同理论和管理理论来发展新的研究架构, 解决了旅游和酒店业文献研究的不足。本研究发现, 心理所有权对工作投入有正向的影响, 对工作倦怠有负向的影响。此外, 调节焦点亦分别调节了心理所有权对工作投入和心理所有权对工作倦怠之间的关系。这些分析结果弥补了旅游和酒店业文献中有关调节焦点对心理所有权, 工作投入和工作倦怠之间关系的调节作用的研究缺口。

独创性/价值

本研究发现, 具有较高心理所有权的员工可以提高其工作投入和降低其工作倦怠程度。此外, 本研究还包含调节焦点作为情境变量, 以检验心理所有权, 工作投入和工作倦怠之间的关系。

Purpose

El objetivo de este estudio es explorar el impacto de la psicología de la propiedad en el ámbito del compromiso laboral y el desgaste profesional entre los empleados de hoteles turísticos internacionales y, al mismo tiempo, examinar el papel moderador de los focos reguladores.

Design/methodology/approach

Esta investigación ha recopilado muestras de cuestionarios realizados a empleados de hoteles turísticos internacionales en ciudades de Taiwán (Taipéi, Taichung y Kaohsiung) y China (Xiamen y Quanzhou). Se ha adoptado la modalidad de muestreo intencional. En total, se distribuyeron 300 cuestionarios a cada hotel, y el número total de cuestionarios finalmente distribuidos llegó a los 1500.

Findings

Esta investigación aplica la teoría de la identidad social y la teoría regulatoria para desarrollar un nuevo marco de investigación con la muestra de los empleados de hoteles turísticos internacionales de cinco estrellas. Este estudio descubrió que la psicología de la propiedad tiene un efecto positivo en el compromiso laboral y un efecto negativo en el desgaste profesional. Además, los focos reguladores moderan la relación entre la psicología de la propiedad y el compromiso laboral, así como la relación entre la psicología de la propiedad y el desgaste profesional respectivamente. Estos resultados analíticos cubren el vacío de investigación asociado a los efectos moderadores de un foco regulador sobre las relaciones de la psicología de la propiedad con el compromiso laboral y el desgaste profesional.

Originality/value

Este estudio explica cómo los empleados con un alto sentido de la psicología de la propiedad desarrollarán un mayor compromiso laboral y menos desgaste profesional. Además, esta investigación también incluye focos reguladores como una variable situacional para examinar la relación moderadora con la psicología de la propiedad, el compromiso laboral y el desgaste profesional.

Article
Publication date: 24 June 2021

Kuan-Yang Chen, Levent Altinay, Po-Yuan Chen and You-De Dai

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between the attributes of market knowledge (depth/breadth) and particular types of (process/product) innovation…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between the attributes of market knowledge (depth/breadth) and particular types of (process/product) innovation. The mediating mechanism of ambidextrous (exploratory/exploitative) capabilities is also investigated.

Design/methodology/approach

Data from 153 travel agencies from two phases of data collection in Taiwan were analyzed using the structural equation modeling method.

Findings

Market knowledge depth directly and positively impacts product and process innovation. Market knowledge breadth indirectly and positively impacts product and process innovation. Ambidextrous capabilities affect process and product innovation and mediate the effect of market knowledge breadth on the two innovations.

Research limitations/implications

This study provides different theoretical views, such as dynamic capability and organizational learning, to supplement the explanation of knowledge-based theory in the relationship between market knowledge and innovation.

Practical implications

This study encourages firms to accumulate market knowledge depth and breadth and facilitate ambidextrous capabilities for innovation.

Originality/value

Seldom has research explored the relationships between the attributes of market knowledge and types of innovation simultaneously to extend the input-process-output context. This study has done so and forwards the possibility that ambidextrous capability is critical mechanism.

市场知识对产品与流程创新之影响:以旅行业为例目的

本研究探讨市场知识属性(深度/广度)与特定类型创新(流程/产品)两者间的关系, 并以双元性(探索/开发)能力作为中介变数。

研究设计/方法

本研究采用结构方程模型, 以台湾153家旅行社作为样本, 进行两阶段的资料搜集。

研究结果

市场知识深度对产品和流程创新具有直接且正向的影响。市场知识的广度对产品和流程创新具有间接且正向的影响。双元能力会影响产品和流程创新, 并中介市场知识广度对这两项创新的影响。

研究意义

本研究结合动态能力与组织学习两种理论观点, 为知识基础理论对市场知识与创新的探讨提供更完整的解释。

实践意义

本研究鼓励业者积累市场知识的深度和广度, 并提升能促进创新的双元能力。

原创性/价值

过去的研究鲜少探讨市场知识属性与创新类型间的关系。而本研究对其进行讨论, 并提出双元能力可能为市场知识属性对创新影响的关键机制。

Impactos del conocimiento de mercado en la innovación de productos y procesos: Evidencia de agencias de viajesObjetivo

este artículo examina la relación entre los atributos del conocimiento del mercado (profundidad/amplitud) y los tipos particulares de (proceso/producto) innovación. También se investiga el mecanismo mediador de las capacidades (exploratorias/explotadoras) ambidiestras.

Diseño/metodología/perspectiva

utilizando el método de modelos de ecuaciones estructurales, se han analizado los datos de 153 agencias de viajes en dos fases de recopilación de datos en Taiwán.

Resultados

la profundidad del conocimiento del mercado afecta directa y positivamente a la innovación del producto y del proceso. La amplitud del conocimiento del mercado afecta indirecta y positivamente a la innovación del producto y del proceso. Las capacidades ambidiestras afectan a la innovación del proceso y del producto, y hacen de mediador entre el efecto de la profundidad del conocimiento del mercado en las dos innovaciones.

Limitaciones/implicaciones de la investigación

este estudio proporciona distintas perspectivas teóricas tales como la capacidad dinámica y el aprendizaje organizacional para complementar la teoría, basada en el conocimiento, entre el conocimiento del mercado y la innovación.

Implicaciones practices

este estudio anima a las empresas a acumular conocimiento del mercado en profundidad y amplitud, y a facilitar capacidades ambidiestras para la innovación.

Originalidad/importancia

rara vez se han explorado simultáneamente en el mundo académico las relaciones entre los atributos del conocimiento del mercado y los tipos de innovación para extender el contexto entrada-proceso-salida. Este estudio sí lo ha hecho y, además, avanza la posibilidad de que las capacidades ambidiestras sean un mecanismo crucial.

Article
Publication date: 28 November 2020

You-De Dai, Wen-Long Zhuang, Po-Kai Yang, Yi-Jun Wang and Tzung-Cheng Huan

Drawing on leader-member exchange theory and regulatory focus theory, the purpose of this study is to explore the effects of hotel employees’ regulatory foci on their…

Abstract

Purpose

Drawing on leader-member exchange theory and regulatory focus theory, the purpose of this study is to explore the effects of hotel employees’ regulatory foci on their voice behavior and the moderating role of leader-member exchange.

Design/methodology/approach

The questionnaire includes demographics, regulatory foci, leader-member exchange and voice behavior sections. The data was collected via a survey of 10 international tourist hotels in Taiwan and 479 valid questionnaires were completed. Confirmatory factor analysis and path analysis were used to test the composite reliability, discriminant validity and convergent validity. Multiple regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses.

Findings

The outcome of this study indicates that both promotion focus and prevention focus can benefit employees’ voice behavior; however, prevention-focused employees have more positive voice behavior than promotion-focused employees. In addition, the leader-member exchange can moderate the relationship between regulatory foci and voice behavior.

Originality/value

This is an empirical study in the hotel field to examine the moderating effects of leader-member exchange on the relationships between regulatory foci and voice behavior. This research is contributed toward human resource management literature in the hospitality and tourism domain. Practices for managers and suggestions for future research are discussed.

Details

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 33 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-6119

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 February 2019

Levent Altinay, You-De Dai, Janet Chang, Chun-Han Lee, Wen-Long Zhuang and Ying-Chan Liu

This study aims to explore the mediating effects of role overload and job security on the relationship between leader–member exchange and work engagement and…

2086

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore the mediating effects of role overload and job security on the relationship between leader–member exchange and work engagement and simultaneously examines the impact of role overload on employees’ job security.

Design/methodology/approach

By means of telephone and email, the study inquired eight international tourist hotels’ willingness, and questionnaires were distributed to employees of these hotels in 2014. The hotel employees were asked to participate, and they have the right to agree or not. After discarding unusable responses, 310 individual surveys ratings were collected from a total of 500 self-administrated questionnaires were distributed (a 62.0 per cent response rate).

Findings

The result indicates that role overload and job security have mediating effects on the relationship between leader–member exchange and work engagement. Also, role overload can positively influence job security.

Originality/value

To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the mediating roles of role overload and job security between LMX and work engagement, as well as the influence of role overload on job security. This study attempts to make contributions to human resource management literatures of hospitality and tourism.

Details

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 31 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-6119

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 September 2021

You-De Dai, Fei-Hsin Huang, Kuan-Yang Chen, Wei-Jen Chen and Tzung-Cheng Huan

Recreational scuba diving is one of the fastest growing tourism industries around the world and has become a popular activity in Taiwan. Few studies focus on enduring…

Abstract

Purpose

Recreational scuba diving is one of the fastest growing tourism industries around the world and has become a popular activity in Taiwan. Few studies focus on enduring involvement with a high risk or difficult activity specialization, so this study aims to explore the causal relationship between enduring involvement and specialization and seeks to explain sustained involvement in scuba diving activity as a recreation specialization.

Design/methodology/approach

This research selects four diving sites in Taiwan as survey locations, specifically Yeliou, Longdong, Kenting and Green Island. The questionnaire consists of three sections, including demographic information, enduring involvement and specialization. By analyzing the data collected from 810 scuba divers in Taiwan, structural equation modeling is used to examine the causal relationships among the variables.

Findings

The primary findings of this study are as follows: attraction positively affects divers’ commitment and lifestyle through joy, relaxation and sharing diving experiences; the results indicate that self-expression is associated with past experience of participating in scuba diving activity; and centrality indicates that participants’ daily life and recreation are related to each other and become central to their life. Results show that most theoretical hypotheses are supported, but there is no significant evidence of attraction impacting past experience or self-expression influencing commitment and lifestyle.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first to examine the causal influence of enduring involvement and specialization in the scuba diving context. The findings provide a solid theoretical basis for the study of sustained involvement motivation and behavior on specialization. Implications and recommendations for future research are discussed.

水肺潜水作为一种特殊的旅游方式:台湾经验

目的

休闲水肺潜水是全球发展最快的旅游业之一, 已成为台湾的热门活动。很少有研究关注持续涉入高风险或困难活动的专门化, 因此本研究探讨持续涉入和专门化之间的因果关系, 并试图解释持续参与水肺潜水活动作为休闲专门化。

设计/方法/步骤

这项研究选择了台湾的四个潜水地点作为调查地点, 特别是野柳, 龙洞, 垦丁和绿岛。问卷分为三个部分, 包括人口统计信息, 持续参与和专门化。通过分析从台湾810名潜水员那里收集的数据, 使用结构方程模型检查变量之间的因果关系。

研究结果

这项研究的主要发现是:(1)吸引力通过愉悦, 放松和分享潜水经历积极影响潜水员的承诺和生活方式; (2)结果表明自我表达与过去参加水肺潜水活动的经历有关(3)中心性表示参与者的日常生活和娱乐彼此相关, 并成为他们生活的中心。结果表明, 大多数理论假设均得到支持, 但没有显着证据表明吸引力会影响过去的经历或自我表达影响承诺和生活方式。

独创性/价值

据我们所知, 本研究是第一个研究在潜水环境中持续涉入和专门化的因果关系影响的研究。研究结果为专门化持续参与动机和行为的研究提供了坚实的理论基础。 讨论了对未来研究的影响和建议。

El buceo recreativo como una forma especial de turismo: lecciones de Taiwán

Objetivo

El buceo recreativo es una de las industrias turísticas de más rápido crecimiento en todo el mundo y se ha convertido en una actividad popular en Taiwán. Pocos estudios se centran en la participación duradera con una especialización de actividad difícil o de alto riesgo, por lo que este estudio explora la relación causal entre la participación duradera y la especialización y busca explicar la participación sostenida en la actividad de buceo como una especialización recreativa.

Diseño/Metodología/Enfoque

Esta investigación selecciona cuatro sitios de buceo en Taiwán como lugares de estudio, específicamente Yeliou, Longdong, Kenting y Green Island. El cuestionario consta de tres secciones, que incluyen información demográfica, participación duradera y especialización. Al analizar los datos recopilados de 810 buzos en Taiwán, se utiliza un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales para examinar las relaciones causales entre las variables.

Resultados

Los hallazgos principales de este estudio son: (1) la atracción afecta positivamente el compromiso y el estilo de vida de los buceadores a través de la alegría, la relajación y el intercambio de experiencias de buceo, (2) los resultados indican que la autoexpresión está asociada con la experiencia pasada de participar en actividades de buceo., y (3) la centralidad indica que la vida diaria y la recreación de los participantes están relacionadas entre sí y se vuelven centrales en su vida. Los resultados muestran que la mayoría de las hipótesis teóricas están respaldadas, pero no hay evidencia significativa de que la atracción afecte la experiencia pasada o la autoexpresión que influya en el compromiso y el estilo de vida.

Originalidad/Valor

Hasta donde sabemos, este estudio es el primero en examinar la influencia causal de la participación y la especialización duraderas en el contexto del buceo. Los hallazgos proporcionan una base teórica sólida para el estudio de la motivación y el comportamiento de participación sostenida en la especialización. Se discuten las implicaciones y recomendaciones para futuras investigaciones.

Article
Publication date: 19 March 2018

You-De Dai, Yu-Hsiang Hou, Kuan-Yang Chen and Wen-Long Zhuang

Drawing on organizational support theory, this study aims to propose and test a moderated path analysis to explore the interactive effect of perceived supervisor support…

1606

Abstract

Purpose

Drawing on organizational support theory, this study aims to propose and test a moderated path analysis to explore the interactive effect of perceived supervisor support and supervisors’ organizational embodiment on organizational citizenship behavior, as well as the mediating effect of perceived organizational support.

Design/methodology/approach

Hypotheses are tested using two-phase survey data collected from 398 dyads of employees and their immediate supervisors from 26 (three-to-five star) hotels in Taiwan.

Findings

The hierarchical linear modeling results suggest that perceived organizational support mediates the relationship between perceived supervisor support and organizational citizenship behavior. These findings indicate that supervisors’ organizational embodiment positively moderates the relationship between perceived supervisor support and perceived organizational support, which, in turn, mediates the interaction between perceived supervisor support and supervisors’ organizational embodiment on organizational citizenship behavior.

Research limitations/implications

This is the first study to examine the moderating role of supervisors’ organizational embodiment in hospitality domain. In high or low supervisors’ organizational embodiment context, hotels are supposed to assign representative managers that could strengthen the efficiency of perceived supervisor support. Finally, employees will perceive organizational support and then lead to employee organizational citizenship behavior.

Originality/value

Previous research indicates that perceived organizational support positively impacts various employee outcomes. However, the antecedents and psychological mechanisms of perceived organizational support are still not well understood. This research intends to fill these gaps in the literature.

Details

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 30 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-6119

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 July 2013

You-De Dai, You-Yu Dai, Kuan-Yang Chen and Hui-Chun Wu

This research examines the relationships among transformational/transactional leadership styles (TFLs/TSLs), organizational justice, trust, organizational commitment, and…

17673

Abstract

Purpose

This research examines the relationships among transformational/transactional leadership styles (TFLs/TSLs), organizational justice, trust, organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) in the context of international tourist hotels in Taipei. The purpose of this paper is to establish a comprehensive model of TFLs/TSLs in human resource management and to figure out which is the better leadership style in regards to the hospitality industry.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 700 questionnaires were distributed to the staff of eight international hotels, yielding 358 valid responses.

Findings

TFLs/TSLs affect procedural and distributive justice significantly and positively. Managers using TFLs can induce trust of employees. TFLs positively affect organizational commitment through distributive justice and trust, while TSLs induce organizational commitment through distributive justice. Distributive justice has directly positive impact on trust. Distributive justice-organizational commitment is a positive link. Interestingly, TSLs influence organizational commitment negatively and significantly. As expected, trust can lead to organizational commitment and both trust and organizational commitment have positive impact on OCBs.

Originality/value

The results could be used as the basis for improving human resources management in such a collectivistic culture as Chinese society.

Article
Publication date: 23 March 2012

Wu‐Chung Wu, You‐De Dai and Hsiou‐Hsiang Jack Liu

Data collection from inbound tourists is a repetitive activity. This paper's main purpose is to show that, unless something useful about the nature of change is being…

Abstract

Purpose

Data collection from inbound tourists is a repetitive activity. This paper's main purpose is to show that, unless something useful about the nature of change is being established, repetitious collection of data from, for example, inbound visitors results in ineffective accumulation of data. The paper also aims to elucidate what it means for data to be ineffective for practical application or theory development.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach was to examine three years of data from inbound visitors to Taiwan to consider what would make data collection more effective.

Findings

Collecting many specific variables relating to travel by inbound tourists can result in recognizing segments and other matters important for applied research or theory development. Analysis shows detailed information can have limited use and high cost when different details apply to different segments. After identifying segments to study, effective information collection can require segment specific questioning, special sampling and segment specific studies.

Originality/value

While various countries conduct special studies, annual collection of a wide variety of information from inbound tourists is a common practice. This research provides new perspectives on why some data collection practices should be modified.

Details

International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-6182

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 8 July 2013

Fevzi Okumus

3

Abstract

Details

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 25 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-6119

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