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Open Access
Article
Publication date: 12 June 2017

Qiong Wu, Zhiwei Zeng, Jun Lin and Yiqiang Chen

Poor medication adherence leads to high hospital admission rate and heavy amount of health-care cost. To cope with this problem, various electronic pillboxes have been proposed to…

2698

Abstract

Purpose

Poor medication adherence leads to high hospital admission rate and heavy amount of health-care cost. To cope with this problem, various electronic pillboxes have been proposed to improve the medication adherence rate. However, most of the existing electronic pillboxes use time-based reminders which may often lead to ineffective reminding if the reminders are triggered at inopportune moments, e.g. user is sleeping or eating.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, the authors propose an AI-empowered context-aware smart pillbox system. The pillbox system collects real-time sensor data from a smart home environment and analyzes the user’s contextual information through a computational abstract argumentation-based activity classifier.

Findings

Based on user’s different contextual states, the smart pillbox will generate reminders at appropriate time and on appropriate devices.

Originality/value

This paper presents a novel context-aware smart pillbox system that uses argumentation-based activity recognition and reminder generation.

Details

International Journal of Crowd Science, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-7294

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 4 September 2017

Yuqin Wang, Bing Liang, Wen Ji, Shiwei Wang and Yiqiang Chen

In the past few years, millions of people started to acquire knowledge from the Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). MOOCs contain massive video courses produced by instructors…

2462

Abstract

Purpose

In the past few years, millions of people started to acquire knowledge from the Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). MOOCs contain massive video courses produced by instructors, and learners all over the world can get access to these courses via the internet. However, faced with massive courses, learners often waste much time finding courses they like. This paper aims to explore the problem that how to make accurate personalized recommendations for MOOC users.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper proposes a multi-attribute weight algorithm based on collaborative filtering (CF) to select a recommendation set of courses for target MOOC users.

Findings

The recall of the proposed algorithm in this paper is higher than both the traditional CF and a CF-based algorithm – uncertain neighbors’ collaborative filtering recommendation algorithm. The higher the recall is, the more accurate the recommendation result is.

Originality/value

This paper reflects the target users’ preferences for the first time by calculating separately the weight of the attributes and the weight of attribute values of the courses.

Details

International Journal of Crowd Science, vol. 1 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-7294

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 16 October 2018

Jing Liu, Zhiwen Pan, Jingce Xu, Bing Liang, Yiqiang Chen and Wen Ji

With the development of machine learning techniques, the artificial intelligence systems such as crowd networks are becoming more autonomous and smart. Therefore, there is a…

1241

Abstract

Purpose

With the development of machine learning techniques, the artificial intelligence systems such as crowd networks are becoming more autonomous and smart. Therefore, there is a growing demand for developing a universal intelligence measurement so that the intelligence of artificial intelligence systems can be evaluated. This paper aims to propose a more formalized and accurate machine intelligence measurement method.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper proposes a quality–time–complexity universal intelligence measurement method to measure the intelligence of agents.

Findings

By observing the interaction process between the agent and the environment, we abstract three major factors for intelligence measure as quality, time and complexity of environment.

Originality/value

This paper proposes a calculable universal intelligent measure method through considering more than two factors and the correlations between factors which are involved in an intelligent measurement.

Details

International Journal of Crowd Science, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-7294

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 9 December 2019

Zhiwen Pan, Jiangtian Li, Yiqiang Chen, Jesus Pacheco, Lianjun Dai and Jun Zhang

The General Society Survey(GSS) is a kind of government-funded survey which aims at examining the Socio-economic status, quality of life, and structure of contemporary society…

Abstract

Purpose

The General Society Survey(GSS) is a kind of government-funded survey which aims at examining the Socio-economic status, quality of life, and structure of contemporary society. GSS data set is regarded as one of the authoritative source for the government and organization practitioners to make data-driven policies. The previous analytic approaches for GSS data set are designed by combining expert knowledges and simple statistics. By utilizing the emerging data mining algorithms, we proposed a comprehensive data management and data mining approach for GSS data sets.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach are designed to be operated in a two-phase manner: a data management phase which can improve the quality of GSS data by performing attribute pre-processing and filter-based attribute selection; a data mining phase which can extract hidden knowledge from the data set by performing data mining analysis including prediction analysis, classification analysis, association analysis and clustering analysis.

Findings

According to experimental evaluation results, the paper have the following findings: Performing attribute selection on GSS data set can increase the performance of both classification analysis and clustering analysis; all the data mining analysis can effectively extract hidden knowledge from the GSS data set; the knowledge generated by different data mining analysis can somehow cross-validate each other.

Originality/value

By leveraging the power of data mining techniques, the proposed approach can explore knowledge in a fine-grained manner with minimum human interference. Experiments on Chinese General Social Survey data set are conducted at the end to evaluate the performance of our approach.

Details

International Journal of Crowd Science, vol. 3 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-7294

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 13 November 2018

Zhiwen Pan, Wen Ji, Yiqiang Chen, Lianjun Dai and Jun Zhang

The disability datasets are the datasets that contain the information of disabled populations. By analyzing these datasets, professionals who work with disabled populations can…

1279

Abstract

Purpose

The disability datasets are the datasets that contain the information of disabled populations. By analyzing these datasets, professionals who work with disabled populations can have a better understanding of the inherent characteristics of the disabled populations, so that working plans and policies, which can effectively help the disabled populations, can be made accordingly.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, the authors proposed a big data management and analytic approach for disability datasets.

Findings

By using a set of data mining algorithms, the proposed approach can provide the following services. The data management scheme in the approach can improve the quality of disability data by estimating miss attribute values and detecting anomaly and low-quality data instances. The data mining scheme in the approach can explore useful patterns which reflect the correlation, association and interactional between the disability data attributes. Experiments based on real-world dataset are conducted at the end to prove the effectiveness of the approach.

Originality/value

The proposed approach can enable data-driven decision-making for professionals who work with disabled populations.

Details

International Journal of Crowd Science, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-7294

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 June 2018

The publishers of International Journal of Crowd Science wish to retract the article “Quality-time-complexity universal intelligence measurement”, by Wen Ji, Jing Liu, Zhiwen Pan…

1072

Abstract

The publishers of International Journal of Crowd Science wish to retract the article “Quality-time-complexity universal intelligence measurement”, by Wen Ji, Jing Liu, Zhiwen Pan, Jingce Xu, Bing Liang, and Yiqiang Chen, which appeared in volume 2, issue 1, 2018. It has come to our attention that due to an error in the submission process the above article is an earlier version of the article published in International Journal of Crowd Science, volume 2, issue 2, 2018 (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCS-04-2018-0007). The duplicate publication was the result of an inadvertent administrative error by the authors. The authors and publishers of the journal sincerely apologise to the readers.

Details

International Journal of Crowd Science, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-7294

Article
Publication date: 24 April 2023

Wenchao Duan, Yiqiang Yang, Wenhong Liu, Zhiqiang Zhang and Jianzhong Cui

The purpose of this paper is to reveal the solute segregation behavior in the molten and solidified regions during direct chill (DC) casting of a large-size magnesium alloy slab…

219

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to reveal the solute segregation behavior in the molten and solidified regions during direct chill (DC) casting of a large-size magnesium alloy slab under no magnetic field (NMF), harmonic magnetic field (HMF), pulsed magnetic field (PMF) and two types of out-of-phase pulsed magnetic field (OPMF).

Design/methodology/approach

A 3-D multiphysical coupling mathematical model is used to evaluate the corresponding physical fields. The coupling issue is addressed using the method of separating step and result inheritance.

Findings

The results suggest that the solute deficiency tends to occur in the central part, while the solute-enriched area appears near the fillet in the molten and solidified regions. Applying magnetic field could greatly homogenize the solute field in the two-phase region. The variance of relative segregation level in the solidified cross-section under NMF is 38.1%, while it is 21.9%, 18.6%, 16.4% and 12.4% under OPMF2 (the current phase in the upper coil is ahead of the lower coil), HMF, PMF and OPMF1 (the current phase in the upper coil lags behind the lower coil), respectively, indicating that OPMF1 is more effective to reduce the macrosegregation level.

Originality/value

There are few reports on the solute segregation degree in rectangle slab under magnetic field, especially for magnesium alloy slab. This paper can act a reference to make clear the solute transport behavior and help reduce the macrosegregation level during DC casting.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 33 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 September 2017

Yiqiang Wang, Zhengcai Guo, Botao Liu, Yanfei Zhu and Haibo Luo

The alignment precision of existing methods is limited by the precision of detecting element and worker’s experience, which the parallelism between ball screw and guide way is not…

Abstract

Purpose

The alignment precision of existing methods is limited by the precision of detecting element and worker’s experience, which the parallelism between ball screw and guide way is not guaranteed effectively. Thus, this paper aims to propose a method of detecting ball screw’s alignment error (BSAE) via monitoring the average vibration magnitude induced by rotational frequency of ball screw (VMRFBS).

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, the ball screw is simplified as a freely supported beam. A mathematical model of the effect of BSAE on the contact angle of the ball and screw is established. The change of contact angle has effect on the deformation and contact stiffness according to the Hertz contact theory. To improve the accuracy of the experimental results, the VMRFBS are analyzed by using average method, and the average values of the VMRFBS at different BSAEs are calculated by using the least squares method.

Findings

The experimental results show that the average VMRFBS increases with the increasing of BSAE under the BSAE from 0 to 0.2 mm, while the other conditions are unchanged.

Originality/value

This method provides an approach to monitor the BSAE and improve the alignment accuracy of machine tools and automation equipment, which has a certain guide for improving the alignment accuracy of ball screw.

Details

Assembly Automation, vol. 37 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 November 2007

Yiqiang Yu and Andy McCowen

The purpose of this paper is to investigate and analyze the efficiency and stability of the implementation of the Crout version of ILU (ILUC) preconditioning on fast‐multipole…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate and analyze the efficiency and stability of the implementation of the Crout version of ILU (ILUC) preconditioning on fast‐multipole method (FMM) for solving large‐scale dense complex linear systems arising from electromagnetic open perfect electrical conductor (PEC).

Design/methodology/approach

The FMM is employed to reduce the computational complexity of the matrix‐vector product and the memory requirement of the impedance matrix. The numerical examples are initially solved by the quasi‐minimal residual (QMR) method with ILUC preconditioning. In order to fully investigate the performance of ILUC in connection with other iterative solvers, a case is also solved by bi‐conjugate gradient solver and conjugate gradient squared solver with ILUC preconditioning.

Findings

The solutions show that the ILUC preconditioner is stable and significantly improves the performance of the QMR solver on large ill‐conditioned open PEC problems compared to using ILU(0) and threshold‐based ILU (ILUT) preconditioners. It dramatically decreases the number of iterations required for convergence and consequently reduces the total CPU solving time with a reasonable overhead in memory.

Practical implications

The preconditioning scheme can be applied to large ill‐conditioned open PEC problems to effectively speed up the overall electromagnetic simulation progress while maintaining the computational complexity of FMM. More complex structures including wire‐PEC junctions and microstrip arrays may be addressed in future work.

Originality/value

The performance of ILUC has been previously reported only on preconditioning sparse linear systems, in which the ILU preconditioner is constructed by the ILUC of the coefficient matrix (e.g. matrix arised from two‐dimensional finite element convection‐diffusion problem) and subsequently applied to the same sparse linear systems; so it is important to report its performance on the dense complex linear systems that arised from open PEC electromagnetic problems. In contrast, the preconditioner is constructed upon the near‐field matrix of the FMM and subsequently applied to the whole dense linear system. The comparison of its performance against the diagonal, ILU(0) and ILUT precoditioners is also presented.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 26 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 1 March 2021

Yiqiang Feng, Leiju Qiu and Baowen Sun

The originality of the crowd cyber system lies in the fact that it possesses the intelligence of multiple groups including intelligence of people, intelligence of objects and…

1292

Abstract

Purpose

The originality of the crowd cyber system lies in the fact that it possesses the intelligence of multiple groups including intelligence of people, intelligence of objects and intelligence of machines. However, quantitative analysis of the level of intelligence is not sufficient, due to many limitations, such as the unclear definition of intelligence and the inconformity of human intelligence quotient (IQ) test and artificial intelligence assessment methods. This paper aims to propose a new crowd intelligence measurement framework from the harmony of adaption and practice to measure intelligence in crowd network.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors draw on the ideas of traditional Confucianism, which sees intelligence from the dimensions of IQ and effectiveness. First, they clarify the related concepts of intelligence and give a new definition of crowd intelligence in the form of a set. Second, they propose four stages of the evolution of intelligence from low to high, and sort out the dilemma of intelligence measurement at the present stage. Third, they propose a framework for measuring crowd intelligence based on two dimensions.

Findings

The generalized IQ operator model is optimized, and a new IQ algorithm is proposed. Individuals with different IQs can have different relationships, such as cooperative, competitive, antagonistic and so on. The authors point out four representative forms of intelligence as well as its evolution stages.

Research limitations/implications

The authors, will use more rigorous mathematical symbols to represent the logical relationships between different individuals, and consider applying the measurement framework to a real-life situation to enrich the research on crowd intelligence in the further study.

Originality/value

Intelligence measurement is one of foundations of crowd science. This research lays the foundation for studying the interaction among human, machine and things from the perspective of crowd intelligence, which owns significant scientific value.

Details

International Journal of Crowd Science, vol. 5 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-7294

Keywords

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