With the advent of the intelligent environment, as novice researchers, graduate students face digital challenges in their research topic selection (RTS). The purpose of…
With the advent of the intelligent environment, as novice researchers, graduate students face digital challenges in their research topic selection (RTS). The purpose of this paper is to explore their cognitive processes during data-driven decision making (DDDM) in RTS, thus developing technical and instructional strategies to facilitate their research tasks.
This study developes a theoretical model that considers data-driven RTS as a second-order factor comprising both rational and experiential modes. Additionally, data literacy and visual data presentation were proposed as an antecedent and a consequence of data-driven RTS, respectively. The proposed model was examined by employing structural equation modeling based on a sample of 931 graduate students.
The results indicate that data-driven RTS is a second-order factor that positively affects the level of support of visual data presentation and that data literacy has a positive impact on DDDM in RTS. Furthermore, data literacy indirectly affects the level of support of visual data presentation.
These findings provide support for developers of knowledge discovery systems, data scientists, universities and libraries on the optimization of data visualization and data literacy instruction that conform to students’ cognitive styles to inform RTS.
This paper reveals the cognitive mechanisms underlying the effects of data literacy and data-driven RTS under rational and experiential modes on the level of support of the tabular or graphical presentations. It provides insights into the match between the visualization formats and cognitive modes.
The purpose of this paper is to apply the Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy model techniques in order to treat and classify textual data sets with and without noise. A comparative…
The purpose of this paper is to apply the Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy model techniques in order to treat and classify textual data sets with and without noise. A comparative study is done in order to select the most accurate T-S algorithm in the textual data sets.
From a survey about what has been termed the “Tunisian Revolution,” the authors collect a textual data set from a questionnaire targeted at students. Five clustering algorithms are mainly applied: the Gath-Geva (G-G) algorithm, the modified G-G algorithm, the fuzzy c-means algorithm and the kernel fuzzy c-means algorithm. The authors examine the performances of the four clustering algorithms and select the most reliable one to cluster textual data.
The proposed methodology was to cluster textual data based on the T-S fuzzy model. On one hand, the results obtained using the T-S models are in the form of numerical relationships between selected keywords and the rest of words constituting a text. Consequently, it allows the authors to interpret these results not only qualitatively but also quantitatively. On the other hand, the proposed method is applied for clustering text taking into account the noise.
The originality comes from the fact that the authors validate some economical results based on textual data, even if they have not been written by experts in the linguistic fields. In addition, the results obtained in this study are easy and simple to interpret by the analysts.