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Article
Publication date: 11 August 2022

Jeou-Shyan Horng, Chih-Hsing Liu, Sheng-Fang Chou, Tai-Yi Yu and Yen-Ling Ng

This study aims to propose an integrated moderated mediation model to examine the process by which hotels obtain competitive advantage from the perspective of hotel managers.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to propose an integrated moderated mediation model to examine the process by which hotels obtain competitive advantage from the perspective of hotel managers.

Design/methodology/approach

After obtaining the agreement of the participants, a total of 560 candidates, all of whom were hotel managers, completed a survey administered online over a three-month period from November 2020 to January 2021. Ultimately, 257 valid responses were obtained after data screening by research assistants, for a response rate of 45.89%.

Findings

By reference to the concepts of big data (BD) and sustainability, the results show that BD management is a foundational attribute with respect to the indirect effects of BD analytics capabilities via proactive market orientation and social media collaboration. Furthermore, sustainability commitments and marketing are found to affect the relationship between such analytics capabilities and competitive advantage. Additionally, information sharing and food services have positive moderating effects that strengthen the changes in critical attributes during the process of obtaining competitive advantage.

Originality/value

To date, despite the proliferation of the concepts of BD, social media and sustainability, there is a lack of adequate empirical evidence and systematic literature reviews to comprehensively synthesize the emerging body of literature in the fields of tourism and hospitality research.

设计/方法论/方法

本研究于2020年11月到2021年1月的三个月期间, 在取得560位饭店管理者的同意后, 让他们完成了在线问卷调查。最终, 经过研究助理的数据筛选后, 收集到257份有效问卷, 有效回收率为45.89%。

研究目的

本研究提出了一个调节式中介模型, 透过酒店管理者的角度来探讨酒店获得竞争优势的过程。

研究结果

研究结果显示, 大数据管理透过参考大数据和永续的概念, 探讨主动式市场导向和社交媒体协作对大数据分析能力产生间接影响的基本重要归因。此外, 永续承诺和行销会影响分析能力与竞争优势之间的关系。再者, 信息共享和食品服务的关系起着显著的调节作用, 在获得竞争优势的过程中加强了关键属性间的关系。

原创性/价值

迄今为止, 尽管大数据、社交媒体和永续的概念逐渐受到重视, 但仍缺乏足够的实证和系统性文献综整来阐逑观光餐旅研究文献缺憾。

Diseño/Metodología/Enfoque

Tras obtener el consentimiento de los participantes, un total de 560 candidatos, todos directores de hotel, completaron una encuesta online en un período de tres meses, desde noviembre de 2020 hasta enero de 2021. Finalmente, se obtuvieron 257 respuestas válidas tras un proceso de comprobación por los técnicos de investigación, lo que supone una tasa de respuesta del 45,89%.

Propósito

Este estudio propone un modelo de mediación moderado integrado para examinar el proceso por el cual los hoteles obtienen ventajas competitivas desde la perspectiva de los directores de hotel.

Resultados

Haciendo referencia a los conceptos de macrodatos y sostenibilidad, los resultados muestran que la gestión de macrodatos es un atributo fundamental para los efectos indirectos de las capacidades analíticas de macrodatos a través de la orientación proactiva al mercado y la colaboración en los medios sociales. Además, se observa que los compromisos de sostenibilidad y el marketing afectan a la relación entre dichas capacidades analíticas y la ventaja competitiva. Asimismo, el intercambio de información y los servicios de alimentación tienen efectos moderadores positivos que fortalecen los cambios en los atributos críticos durante el proceso de obtención de una ventaja competitiva.

Originalidad/Valor

Hasta la fecha, a pesar de la proliferación de los conceptos de macrodatos, medios sociales y sostenibilidad, se carece de evidencia empírica adecuada y de revisiones bibliográficas sistemáticas que sinteticen de forma exhaustiva la literatura emergente en los campos de investigación del turismo y la industria hotelera.

Article
Publication date: 3 August 2021

Florence Yean Yng Ling, Zhe Zhang and Stephanie Yen Ling Tay

This study aims to investigate how the situational factors that facilities managers (FMs) in Singapore face in their jobs affect their work outcomes. Job situation factors…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate how the situational factors that facilities managers (FMs) in Singapore face in their jobs affect their work outcomes. Job situation factors such as types of tasks, interpersonal relationships in teams, supervisors’ actions and advancements opportunities are classified into job characteristics, social environment characteristics, leadership and organisational practices categories.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on a systematic literature review, a questionnaire was designed to collect data on work outcomes and job situational factors from FMs working in public housing estates in Singapore. Using the Statistical Package for the Social Science software, inferential statistical analyses were carried out.

Findings

FMs reported that they used economical means and resources to carry out their work significantly frequently and achieved significantly high productivity. Complaints are received significantly frequently and maintenance defects are regularly encountered. Many of the job situational factors are present and found to be significantly correlated with work outcomes and some of these may be used to predict FMs’ work outcomes. Based on the correlation results, the frequency of complaints from residents may be reduced through the following ways: make FMs’ work tasks less challenging; reduce the variety of work tasks that FMs need to execute; reduce FMs’ work volume and speed of work.

Research limitations/implications

This study is limited to FMs managing public housing estates in Singapore. The work outcomes are self-reported, and thus susceptible to bias. However, as the respondents reported significantly frequent complaints and defects, this might indicate that the bias is not serious.

Practical implications

FMs’ jobs should be broken down into small parts/tasks and assigned to different FMs to specialise. This makes FMs’ tasks less challenging, and allows them to specialise to increase their productivity, improve their quality of work and overcome the problem of high work volume or demanding work speed. By adopting job specialisation, the frequency of receiving complaints from residents may be reduced.

Originality/value

This study discovered strategies to reduce the number of complaints from residents of public housing about facilities management. The contribution to knowledge is that complaints by residents on facilities management can be reduced by adopting job specialisation but not job enlargement. Decomposing work into different tasks and allowing FMs to focus on a few tasks would lead to a reduction in complaints. It also enables FMs to master the skill and complete the tasks without much oversight or supervision.

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