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1 – 10 of 108
Article
Publication date: 1 August 2002

Y. Srinivasa Rao and M. Satyam

The effects of material parameters and processing conditions on the resistance drop by high voltage discharge in PVC – graphite thick film resistors are studied in this…

Abstract

The effects of material parameters and processing conditions on the resistance drop by high voltage discharge in PVC – graphite thick film resistors are studied in this paper. The resistance drop increased upon an increase in graphite aggregate size, which is a function of material parameters and processing conditions. The resistance drop has been attributed to the dielectrophoretic motion of graphite particles in PVC by the application of high voltages to polymer thick film resistors.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 June 2017

Y. Srinivasa Rao

This paper elicits information, an excess of information and the stakeholders’ role in the use of information. The purpose of this paper is to create a “C5 model”…

1694

Abstract

Purpose

This paper elicits information, an excess of information and the stakeholders’ role in the use of information. The purpose of this paper is to create a “C5 model” (clients, connectivity, content, copyright and cost) for the consortium management to support and improve its academic and administrative decision-making skills and optimize returns.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology used for this study was “strength, weakness, opportunity and threat” (SWOT) analysis. As a tool, it was used as one of the strategic analytical techniques to evaluate various aspects of consortium management. The purpose of choosing this method was to derive a set of strategies for comparing the internal (strengths/weaknesses) and external (opportunities/threats) forces of the “C5 model” of consortium management.

Findings

From the SWOT analysis of the “C5 model,” it was observed that four combinations, maxi-maxi (strengths/opportunities (SO), mini-maxi (weaknesses/opportunities (WO), maxi-mini (strengths/threats (ST)) and mini-mini (weaknesses/threats (WT)), were drawn to derive a set of strategies to benefit the consortium management. The SO strategies such as building a client-centric resource management system, centralized gateway, collaborative acquisition model, common copyright communication and clearance center and cost-benefit analysis were built on the basis of the strengths and opportunities identified. Likewise, the WO strategies such as organizational planning, equality in ICT infrastructure facilities, quality content, public disclosure of copyright obligations and effective economic models were drawn to minimize the weaknesses of each component by taking advantage of the identified opportunities. The ST strategies were worked out using strengths of the model to possibly mitigate its threats. Similarly, the WT strategies were created to minimize the weaknesses and avoid the threats as much as possible. However, these strategies would not only help consortium management in the decision-making process, but also optimize returns and improve the intellectual outcome of organizations.

Originality/value

Not many research studies have been developed regarding the SWOT analysis of the “C5 model” for consortium management. This study attempts to benefit a large community of library and information science professionals, consortia and their clients.

Details

Library Management, vol. 38 no. 4/5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-5124

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 May 2015

Busi Rambabu and Y. Srinivasa Rao

The purpose of this paper is to study high-voltage interactions in polymer thick-film resistors, namely, polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-graphite thick-film resistors, and their…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study high-voltage interactions in polymer thick-film resistors, namely, polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-graphite thick-film resistors, and their applications in universal trimming of these resistors.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors applied high voltages in the form of pulses and impulses of various pulse durations and with different amplitudes to polymer thick-film resistors and observed the variation of resistance of these resistors with high voltages.

Findings

The paper finds that high voltages can be used for trimming of polymer thick-film resistors in both directions, i.e. upwards and downwards.

Research limitations/implications

The research implication of this paper is that polymer thick-film resistors can be trimmed downwards or upwards practically using this method.

Practical implications

The practical implications of this paper is that one can trim the polymer thick-film resistors, namely, PVC–graphite thick-film resistors, in both directions, i.e. upwards and downwards, by using this method.

Originality/value

The value of the paper is in showing that high voltages can be used to trim downwards and also upwards in the case of polymer thick-film resistors. This type of trimming is called universal trimming, developed first time for polymer thick-film resistors.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 32 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2003

Y. Srinivasa Rao and M. Satyam

This paper deals with the investigations carried out on the variation of current noise (1/f noise) in polymer thick film resistors, when they are subjected to pulse…

Abstract

This paper deals with the investigations carried out on the variation of current noise (1/f noise) in polymer thick film resistors, when they are subjected to pulse voltage trimming. The current noise is measured in terms of noise index (micro volts of noise per volt of DC applied, in a decade of frequency) using Noise Meter Model 315 C manufactured by Quan‐Tech of New Jersey. It has been found that current noise decreases as the resistors are trimmed to lower values. An attempt has been made to explain the decrease in current noise with the trimming of resistors.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 20 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 29 April 2014

Kandagaddla Venkatasubrahmanayam, Busi Ram Babu, Billa Poornaiah and Yarravarapu Srinivasa Rao

The purpose of this paper is to study the microwave interactions in polymer thick film resistors, namely, polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-graphite thick film resistors, and its…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the microwave interactions in polymer thick film resistors, namely, polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-graphite thick film resistors, and its applications in trimming of these resistors.

Design/methodology/approach

We applied microwave radiation in the form of pulses of various pulse durations and with different powers to polymer thick film resistors and observed the variation of resistance of these resistors with microwave radiation.

Findings

The paper finds that microwave radiation can be used for trimming of polymer thick film resistors.

Research limitations/implications

The research implication of this paper is that polymer thick film resistors can be trimmed practically using this method.

Practical implications

The practical implication of this paper is that we can trim the polymer thick film resistors, namely, PVC-graphite thick film resistor, by using this method.

Originality/value

The value of the paper is in showing that microwave radiation can be used to trim downwards in the case of high-value resistors and trim upwards in the case of low-value resistors.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 31 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 July 2008

Y. Srinivasa Rao

The purpose of this paper is to study the variation of the temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) of polymer thick film resistors, namely, PVC‐graphite thick film…

431

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the variation of the temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) of polymer thick film resistors, namely, PVC‐graphite thick film resistors, with parameters such as volume fraction, grain size, and high voltage.

Design/methodology/approach

A model is proposed to explain the observed variations, which assumes that the texture of the thick film resistors consists of insulator granules coated with conducting particles.

Findings

The paper finds that the TCR of these materials is controlled mainly by the contact resistance fluctuations between the conducting particles and the number of contacts each particle has with it neighbours. The variation of TCR with high voltage has also been explained with the help of this model and it is attributed to the changes in contact area and the number of contacts.

Originality/value

The value of the paper is in showing that apparently the TCR of polymer thick film resistors can be controlled by the expansion properties of the insulating medium. The variation of TCR with high voltage is also due to change in number of contacts between the conducting particles. These types of material may find applications in thermal sensors or as temperature control elements.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 25 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 August 2003

Y. Srinivasa Rao and M. Satyam

The effect of high voltage pulses on the resistance of polymer thick film resistors (PTFR) is studied. It is found that the resistance decreases with both the amplitude…

Abstract

The effect of high voltage pulses on the resistance of polymer thick film resistors (PTFR) is studied. It is found that the resistance decreases with both the amplitude and duration of the high voltage pulses and with the number of pulses. The change in resistance is attributed to the dielectrophoretic motion of graphite granules in the PVC medium when high voltage pulses are applied to PTFR. A model has been proposed through which the percentage change in resistance can be estimated in terms of the number of pulses, duration of pulses etc. Based on these investigations, we suggest a downward trimming method for PTFR through the application of high voltage pulses. This method of trimming is a clean process and trimmed resistors are free from hot spots.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 20 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 January 2007

Y. Srinivasa Rao

The paper aims to study the variation of electrical properties like electrical resistivity and current noise of a polymer thick film resistor, namely, PVC‐graphite thick…

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to study the variation of electrical properties like electrical resistivity and current noise of a polymer thick film resistor, namely, PVC‐graphite thick film resistor, with parameters such as volume fraction, grain size, temperature and high voltage.

Design/methodology/approach

A model is proposed to explain the observed variations, which assumes that the texture of the polymer thick film resistor consists of insulator granules coated with conducting particles and also having cavities. The resistivity of these resistors is controlled mainly by the contact resistance between the conducting particles and the number of contacts each particle with its neighbors.

Findings

The variation of resistivity with temperature and high voltage is explained with the help of the model and it is attributed to the change in contact area and number of contacts. The current noise of these resistors is controlled mainly by the average relative resistance fluctuations between the conducting particles and the number of contacts each particle with its neighbors.

Originality/value

The variation of current noise with high voltage has also been explained with the help of this model and it is attributed to the change in number of conducting particles and conducting layers.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 24 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 January 2022

Muniraju Naidu Vadlamudi and Asdaque Hussain M.D.

A wireless body area network (WBAN) plays a crucial role in the health-care domain. With the emergence of technologies like the internet of things, there is increased…

Abstract

Purpose

A wireless body area network (WBAN) plays a crucial role in the health-care domain. With the emergence of technologies like the internet of things, there is increased usage of WBAN for providing quality health services. With wearable devices and sensors associated with human body, patient’s vital signs are captured and sent to doctor. The WBAN has number of sensor nodes that are resource constrained. The communications among the nodes are very crucial as human health information is exchanged. The purpose of this paper aims to have Quality of Service (QoS) with energy aware and control overhead aware. Maximizing network lifetime is also essential for the improved quality in services. There are many existing studies on QoS communications in WBAN.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, with the aim of energy-efficient WBAN for QoS, a cross-layer routing protocol is designed and implemented. A cross-layer routing protocol that is ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV)-based, energy and control overhead-aware (AODV-ECOA) is designed and implemented for energy-efficient routing in WBAN. The cross-layer design that involves multiple layers of open systems interconnection reference model, which will improve energy efficiency and thus QoS.

Findings

Implementation is simulated using the network simulator tool, i.e. NS-2. The proposed cross-layer routing protocol AODV-ECOA shows least bandwidth requirement by control packets, leading to less control overhead, highest packet delivery ratio and energy efficiency. The experimental results revealed that AODV-ECOA shows better performance over existing protocols such as AODV and POLITIC.

Originality/value

An efficient control overhead reduction algorithm is proposed for reducing energy consumption further and improves performance of WBAN communications to realize desired QoS.

Details

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1742-7371

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 March 2017

Srinivasa Rao Gadde

The purpose of this paper is to consider the estimation of multicomponent stress-strength reliability. The system is regarded as alive only if at least s out of k (s<k

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to consider the estimation of multicomponent stress-strength reliability. The system is regarded as alive only if at least s out of k (s<k) strengths exceed the stress. The reliability of such a system is obtained when strength, stress variates are from Erlang-truncated exponential (ETE) distribution with different shape parameters. The reliability is estimated using the maximum likelihood (ML) method of estimation when samples are drawn from strength and stress distributions. The reliability estimators are compared asymptotically. The small sample comparison of the reliability estimates is made through Monte Carlo simulation. Using real data sets the authors illustrate the procedure.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors have developed multicomponent stress-strength reliability based on ETE distribution. To estimate reliability, the parameters are estimated by using ML method.

Findings

The simulation results indicate that the average bias and average mean square error decreases as sample size increases for both methods of estimation in reliability. The length of the confidence interval also decreases as the sample size increases and simulated actual coverage probability is close to the nominal value in all sets of parameters considered here. Using real data, the authors illustrate the estimation process.

Originality/value

This research work has conducted independently and the results of the author’s research work are very useful for fresh researchers.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 34 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

Keywords

1 – 10 of 108