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Article
Publication date: 2 May 2008

Xiaodong Zhou, Huaqiang Shi, Xun Fu, Danmei Wu and Zhengshui Hu

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the tribological properties of MoS2 nano‐sized hollow spheres in liquid paraffin (LP) and the corresponding action mechanism…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the tribological properties of MoS2 nano‐sized hollow spheres in liquid paraffin (LP) and the corresponding action mechanism. Morever, its feasibity of industrial application as an oil additive in the industrial lubrication field is also explored.

Design/methodology/approach

The tribological properties of MoS2 nano‐sized hollow spheres (NH‐MoS2) modified by Cyanex 301(di‐(2,4,4‐trimethylpentyl) dithiophosphinic acid) with size of 200 ∼ 300 nm in LP are studied and compared with those of the commercial colloidal MoS2 (CC‐MoS2) on a four‐ball tester and an Optimol SRV Oscillating friction and wear tester in a ball‐on disk configuration. The worn surfaces of the lower flat disc are examined with a scanning electron microscopy and an X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively.

Findings

Results show that NH‐MoS2 is a better extreme‐pressure additive and anti‐wear (AW) and friction‐reducing additive in LP than CC‐MoS2. Under the optimum concentration of 0.5 per cent for both NH‐MoS2 and CC‐MoS2 and the load of 400 N, the friction coefficient of NH‐MoS2 + LP and CC‐MoS2 + LP decreases about 43.8 and 6.3 per cent, and the wear volume loss decreases about 60.3 and 12.0 per cent compared with the pure LP. The boundary lubrication mechanism for NH‐MoS2 + LP can be deduced as the effective chemical adsorption protective film formed by the long chain alkyls R and active elements (S and P) in the modification layer and tribochemical reaction film containing the tribochemical products of the additive. Moreover, sliding and rolling frictions co‐exist in NH‐MoS2 + LP, doing contributions to the good tribological properties as well.

Originality/value

In this paper, the Cyanex 301‐modified MoS2 nano‐sized hollow spheres with diameter of 200 ∼ 300 nm are firstly added into LP to investigate its tribological properties. The excellent AW and friction‐reducing properties indicate that this MoS2 hollow spheres product is a good oil additive, and the fundamental data presented here will be useful for its further industrial application in the future.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 60 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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Article
Publication date: 3 November 2020

Xun Deng and Liangyan Wang

The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of semantic fluency on consumers' aesthetic evaluation in graphic designs with text and the mediating effect of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of semantic fluency on consumers' aesthetic evaluation in graphic designs with text and the mediating effect of visual complexity in this relationship.

Design/methodology/approach

The hypotheses are examined in three experiments. Experiments 1 and 2 both verify that Chinese consumers rated the designs with low (vs high) semantic fluency words as more beautiful, and Experiment 3 further confirmed this effect in non-Chinese speakers.

Findings

Confirmed by Chinese and non-Chinese consumers, high fluency text leads to lower perceived visual complexity and less aesthetic perception of the entire design.

Research limitations/implications

Findings enrich the theory of beauty standards and put forward challenges to the positive relationship between processing fluency and aesthetic pleasure. Findings are limited to the decorative function of text, and lack discussions on how designers should balance when the informational function of text is equally important.

Originality/value

This study is the first to discuss how designs with text influence consumers' aesthetic perception and provides meaningful guidelines of transnational marketing for fashion designers and enterprises.

Details

Journal of Contemporary Marketing Science, vol. 3 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2516-7480

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 14 November 2019

Jiawu Dai and Xun Li

The purpose of this paper is to estimate oligopsony power in the upstream factor market and oligopoly power in the downstream product market. On this basis, the paper…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to estimate oligopsony power in the upstream factor market and oligopoly power in the downstream product market. On this basis, the paper intends to examine the effects of both oligopsony and oligopoly power as well as ownership on technical efficiency which were rarely discussed in previous studies.

Design/methodology/approach

First, based on the stochastic frontier production function, the paper constructs a new model that is capable to estimate oligopsony power for each observation. Second, the paper employs the popular dual stochastic frontier cost function to estimate marginal cost as well as oligopoly power. Then, the system GMM method with different sets of instrumental variables is applied to test the effects of the two-sided market power and ownership on technical efficiency.

Findings

Using unbalanced panel data at the firm level, the paper demonstrates that oligopsony power is significantly variant across different sectors. The most notable point is that oligopsony power in China’s soya and peanut oil industries is negative, while that in pork and beef industries is much stronger than those in other industries. In addition, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) are found to be less technically efficient in most of the selected industries, while SOEs with higher oligopsony power tend to be more technically efficient than non-state-owned enterprises(NSOEs), which is consistent with the quiet life hypothesis.

Originality/value

This paper sheds light mainly on three aspects. First, it proposes a new model to estimate oligopsony power for each single firm. Second, it tests the effect of oligopsony power on technical efficiency. Third, it distinguishes the differential effect of oligopsony power on technical efficiency between SOEs and NSOEs.

Details

China Agricultural Economic Review, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-137X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 5 September 2017

Siu Keung Cheung and Wing Sang Law

The majority of Hong Kong filmmakers have pursued co-production with China filmmakers for having the Mainland market at the expense of local styles and sensitivities. To…

Abstract

Purpose

The majority of Hong Kong filmmakers have pursued co-production with China filmmakers for having the Mainland market at the expense of local styles and sensitivities. To many critics, the two-part series of Ip Man and Ip Man II provide a paradigmatic case of film co-production that sell the tricks of Chinese kung fu, regurgitating the overblown Chinese nationalism against Japanese and kwai-lo. The purpose of this study is to rectify such observation of the Ip Man series.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors read the series deconstructively as a postcolonial text in which Hong Kong identity is inscribed in the negotiated space in between different versions of Chinese nationalism.

Findings

The analysis points to the varying subversive features in the series from which Hong Kong’s colonial experiences are tacitly displayed, endorsed and rewritten into the Chinese nationalistic discourse whose dominance is questioned, if not debased.

Originality/value

This paper advances new research insights into the postcolonial reinvention of kung fu film and, by implication, the Hong Kong cinema in general.

Details

Social Transformations in Chinese Societies, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1871-2673

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2009

Li Genpan

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that the sustainable development thought is one good reason why Chinese civilization is continuously developing, and it can be…

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2790

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that the sustainable development thought is one good reason why Chinese civilization is continuously developing, and it can be used as a reference for the development of Chinese agriculture today.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper employs a historical analysis approach to examine the sustainable thoughts concerning Chinese traditional agriculture, including view of sancai, farming season, fertility, the nature of matters, recycling, and economization.

Findings

The results reveal that the nature of Chinese traditional agriculture is akin to ecological agriculture, which is precious heritage for China and the whole world.

Originality/value

The originality of this paper is that it confirms the fundamental reason of the continuous development of Chinese civilization which, based on organization of sustainable development thought, lies in traditional agriculture.

Details

China Agricultural Economic Review, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-137X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 16 August 2013

Hu Zhou, Ruiping Xun, Qingquan Liu and Peng Wu

The purpose of this paper is to provide a new entry board for drilling holes on the PCBs, superior in heat removal effect, lubricating effect and hole locating effect in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide a new entry board for drilling holes on the PCBs, superior in heat removal effect, lubricating effect and hole locating effect in forming holes, resulting in an excellent process of forming holes with a high quality.

Design/methodology/approach

With the mixture of PEG, PEO and adhesive used as endothermic and lubricant resins and aluminium foils used as baseplates, a series of coated and aluminous entry boards (CABs) for PCB drilling were successfully prepared. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was employed to observe the surface appearance of the entry boards. The endothermic and lubricant effect of the resin applied on the CABs was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and polarizing microscope (POM). Moreover, the CABs' good drilling properties were tested when they were used for PCB drilling.

Findings

From the result of SEM analysis, it was found that compared to the common aluminium foil, the surfaces of the CABs were smoother and flatter, which could improve the hole location accuracy and reduce the drill breakage. By means of the DSC and POM, the endothermic and lubricant effect of the CABs was proved. The crystalline substances (PEG and PEO) in coated resin could absorb the heat of the drill bit from heat generation and lubricate it through the phase transition of they own when a hole was being made, which could give high‐quality holes with good production efficiency. The drilling tests showed that due to the endothermic and lubricant resins, the CABs were superior to the common aluminium foil, not only in hole location accuracy, but also in hole wall quality and protection of a drill bit.

Originality/value

This paper has a remarkably high industrial practicality in the PCB manufacture process.

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Article
Publication date: 12 September 2016

Baoguo Xie, Xun Xin and Guanglin Bai

Applying the theory of work adjustment (TWA), the purpose of this paper is to investigate whether the effect of hierarchical plateau on the turnover intention of employees…

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1062

Abstract

Purpose

Applying the theory of work adjustment (TWA), the purpose of this paper is to investigate whether the effect of hierarchical plateau on the turnover intention of employees at the career establishment stage is mediated by job satisfaction and moderated by person-job fit.

Design/methodology/approach

A survey method was used and data were collected from 248 Chinese employees at the career establishment stage. Hierarchical regression analysis and moderated mediation analysis were used to test the hypotheses.

Findings

The results demonstrated that hierarchical plateau was positively related to the turnover intention of employees at the career establishment stage and that job satisfaction played a mediating role in the relationship. Person-job fit moderated the relationship between hierarchical plateau and job satisfaction, and the indirect effect of hierarchical plateau on turnover intention via job satisfaction.

Originality/value

This research offers new insights into the links between hierarchical plateau and employees’ work attitudes and withdrawal behaviour within the TWA. The results suggest that managers can lessen the negative effects of hierarchical plateau on employees’ attitudes and withdrawal behaviour by improving employees’ overall person-job fit.

Details

Career Development International, vol. 21 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1362-0436

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 17 November 2020

Bo Yang, Pingping Fu, ‘Alim J. Beveridge and Qing Qu

Through three case studies, the authors aim to examine how Confucian humanistic philosophy can be applied to leadership practices and show how it is possible to practice…

Abstract

Purpose

Through three case studies, the authors aim to examine how Confucian humanistic philosophy can be applied to leadership practices and show how it is possible to practice humanistic leadership in the Chinese context.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors use case studies of three exemplary humanistic leaders and the companies they lead to describe their leadership practices and influence on others and their companies.

Findings

The authors identify three common elements that connect their observations to an emerging scholarly conceptualization of humanistic leadership and develop a framework of Confucian humanistic leadership consisting of five attributes. The cases the authors studied suggest that the five attributes should be understood as being mutually reinforcing and acting in concert, rather than each acting independently of the others. The authors found that there is inherent consistency and connection between the core values of Confucianism and humanistic leadership.

Originality/value

The research contributes to the leadership literature, specifically the emerging literature on humanistic leadership, by introducing a framework for Confucian humanistic leadership. While much of the extant literature on humanistic leadership has been conceptual, the study shows how it is possible to practice humanistic leadership in the Chinese context by drawing on the foundation provided by Confucian humanistic philosophy. The findings also contribute to humanistic leadership research by providing important insights into specific capabilities that can help put the principles of humanistic leadership into practice, but that have not been considered to date.

Details

Cross Cultural & Strategic Management, vol. 27 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5794

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 November 2015

Lujun Su, Scott R. Swanson and Xiaohong Chen

– This study aims to model and test the relationships between corporate social responsibility (CSR), corporate reputation, customer satisfaction and behavioral intentions.

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1787

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to model and test the relationships between corporate social responsibility (CSR), corporate reputation, customer satisfaction and behavioral intentions.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 451 complete questionnaires were obtained from randomly approached ethnic Chinese leisure tourists. Following a two-step approach, a measurement model was estimated and then a structural model analyzed to test proposed hypotheses.

Findings

CSR and reputation significantly impacted customer satisfaction, which, in turn, affected repurchase and word-of-mouth intentions. Customer satisfaction fully mediated the relationship between CSR and behavioral intentions in addition to corporate reputation.

Research limitations/implications

The study considered only a limited number of lodging customers in a specific geographic area in China. Additional investigation across hospitality business types and cultures is needed.

Practical implications

Investments in CSR activities in a Chinese hospitality consumption context can contribute to customer satisfaction and ultimately contribute positively to customer future behaviors.

Originality/value

This study provides insights into the role that CSR may play for domestic Chinese hospitality customers. Little attention has been paid to the importance of corporate reputation in a tourism/hospitality context. This study contributes in helping to close this gap. Finally, this study embeds customer satisfaction within a framework of antecedents and consequences in an integrated causal model.

Details

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 27 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-6119

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 22 February 2013

Murugesan Punniyamoorthy, Natarajan Thamaraiselvan and Lakshminarayanan Manikandan

The purpose of this paper is to provide a reliable and accurate instrument to assess the supply chain risk of similar comparable industries. This enables the firms which…

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3391

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide a reliable and accurate instrument to assess the supply chain risk of similar comparable industries. This enables the firms which fall in this category of industry to identify and incorporate suitable risk sources under various risk constructs. This paper also provides a framework to the top management to prioritize the various risk constructs.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic approach is used to develop and validate an instrument for assessing overall risk of supply chain. This includes specifying the domain and dimensionality of a construct, generation of initial pool of items, refinement of the initial items by the expert group, assessment of content validity, evaluation of reliability and construct validity of the scale items. Also a higher order measurement model of structural equation modeling is used to prioritize the various risk constructs.

Findings

The process yielded a robust instrument to assess overall risk of the supply chain. Through empirical verification, this instrument is shown to exhibit high levels of reliability and validity. The framework for prioritization of risk constructs revealed the importance of various supply chain risk constructs.

Practical implications

The framework is intended to be useful in practice for assessment of overall risk of heavy engineering industries supply chain. The procedure will be extended for development of risk assessment instrument for other industries which shares a common risk profile. Prioritization of various risk constructs with respect to the overall risk enables the top management to focus their attention to plan and manage the supply chain risks based on their relative importance.

Originality/value

This paper fulfils an identified need for the development of an empirically validated instrument by identifying the significant supply chain risk sources under major supply chain risk constructs for assessing the supply chain risk of industries which are similar in their risk profiles. Also provides a higher order model to identify the most influential risk constructs.

Details

Benchmarking: An International Journal, vol. 20 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-5771

Keywords

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