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Article
Publication date: 15 May 2009

Xuefeng Lu

This paper aims to comment upon the governance systems of state‐owned enterprises in Shanghai and to consider the adequacy or otherwise of those governance structures.

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1048

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to comment upon the governance systems of state‐owned enterprises in Shanghai and to consider the adequacy or otherwise of those governance structures.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper presents a study of existing governance arrangements and structures and considers areas for possible reform.

Findings

A sound corporate governance system is of great significance not only to the healthy development of enterprises but also for the enterprises to survive when they face the economic crisis. With the continuous spread of the world economic crisis, how to improve the corporate governance of state‐owned enterprises in Shanghai so that they can pass the financial crisis period safely has become one urgent and critical issue.

Originality/value

The study presents detail and reform areas for further reflection.

Details

International Journal of Law and Management, vol. 51 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-243X

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Article
Publication date: 3 August 2020

Omar Ahmed, Golareh Jalilvand, Scott Pollard, Chukwudi Okoro and Tengfei Jiang

Glass is a promising interposer substrate for 2.5 D integration; yet detailed analysis of the interfacial reliability of through-glass vias (TGVs) has been lacking. The…

Abstract

Purpose

Glass is a promising interposer substrate for 2.5 D integration; yet detailed analysis of the interfacial reliability of through-glass vias (TGVs) has been lacking. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the design and material factors responsible for the interfacial delamination in TGVs and identify methods to improve reliability.

Design/methodology/approach

The interfacial reliability of TGVs is studied both analytically and numerically. An analytical solution is presented to show the dependence of the energy release rate (ERR) for interfacial delamination on the via design and the thermal mismatch strain. Then, finite element analysis (FEA) is used to investigate the influence of detailed design and material factors, including the pitch distance, via aspect ratio, via geometry and the glass and via materials, on the susceptibility to interfacial delamination.

Findings

ERR for interfacial delamination is directly proportional to the via diameter and the thermal mismatch strain. Thinner wafers with smaller aspect ratios show larger ERRs. Changing the via geometry from a fully filled via to an annular via leads to lower ERR. FEA results also show that certain material combinations have lower thermal mismatch strains, thus less prone to delamination.

Practical implications

The results and approach presented in this paper can guide the design and development of more reliable 2.5 D glass interposers.

Originality/value

This paper represents the first attempt to comprehensively evaluate the impact of design and material selection on the interfacial reliability of TGVs.

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2016

Xuefeng Zhao, Qing Tang, Shan Liu and Fen Liu

The purpose of this paper is to integrate social capital theory and motivation theory to identify the factors that affect the intention of users to share mobile coupons…

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1525

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to integrate social capital theory and motivation theory to identify the factors that affect the intention of users to share mobile coupons (m-coupons) via social network sites (SNS). Social capital includes social ties, trust, and perceived similarity, whereas motivation comprises sense of self-worth and socializing.

Design/methodology/approach

A research model that integrates three social capital factors, two motivations, and m-coupon sharing is developed. Quantitative data from 297 users who had coupon usage experience are collected via offline and online survey. Partial least squares is used to conduct data analysis and test hypotheses.

Findings

Social ties, trust, and perceived similarity are positively related to m-coupon sharing intention and positively affect sense of self-worth and socializing, which have significant positive effects on m-coupon sharing intention and mediate the relationships between social capital factors and sharing intention.

Originality/value

This study highlights the integrated effects of social capital and motivations on m-coupon sharing intention in SNS. While social capital factors (i.e. social ties, trust, and perceived similarity) and motivations (i.e. sense of self-worth and socializing) positively affect m-coupon sharing, motivations are more directly associated with m-coupon sharing than social capital factors.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 116 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2016

Qing Tang, Xuefeng Zhao and Shan Liu

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of two intrinsic (i.e. sense of self-worth and socializing) and two extrinsic motivations (i.e. economic reward…

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2194

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of two intrinsic (i.e. sense of self-worth and socializing) and two extrinsic motivations (i.e. economic reward and reciprocity) on mobile coupon (m-coupon) sharing by users in social network sites (SNSs). Moreover, this study examines how coupon proneness moderates the relationship between motivations and m-coupon sharing in SNSs.

Design/methodology/approach

A research model that integrates four motivations, coupon proneness, and m-coupon sharing is developed. Quantitative data from 247 users are collected via online and offline survey. Partial least squares technique is employed to evaluate the measurement model, and hypotheses are tested through hierarchical regression analysis.

Findings

Sense of self-worth, socializing, economic reward and reciprocity have positive effects on m-coupon sharing in SNSs. Furthermore, coupon proneness positively moderates the relationship of socializing and reciprocity with m-coupon sharing, whereas the moderating effects of coupon proneness on the relationship of sense of self-worth and economic reward with m-coupon sharing are insignificant.

Originality/value

The findings highlight the integrated effects of coupon proneness and motivations on m-coupon sharing in SNS. The impact of socializing and reciprocity on m-coupon sharing is higher for users with higher coupon proneness. However, the effect of sense of self-worth and economic reward on m-coupon sharing is the same regardless of coupon proneness of users. Therefore, although users with different motivations should be identified, SNSs and merchants should develop different incentive mechanisms to promote m-coupon sharing among various users.

Details

Internet Research, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 2 August 2019

Chengtao Wang, Wei Li, Yuqiao Wang, Xuefeng Yang, Shaoyi Xu, Kunpeng Li and Yunyun Zhao

The purpose of this paper is to predict quantitative level of stray current leaking to the buried metallic structure by establishing convolution neural network (CNN) model.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to predict quantitative level of stray current leaking to the buried metallic structure by establishing convolution neural network (CNN) model.

Design/methodology/approach

First, corrosion experimental system of buried metallic structure is established. The research object of this paper is the polarization potential within 110 min, CNN model is used to predict the quantitative level of stray current leakage using the data from corrosion experimental system further. Finally, results are compared with the method using BP neural network.

Findings

Results show that the CNN model has better predictive effect and shorter prediction time than the BP model, the accuracy of which is 82.5507 per cent, and the prediction time is shortened by more than 10 times.

Originality/value

The established model can be used to forecast the level of stray current leakage in the subway system effectively, which provides a new theoretical basis for evaluating the stray current corrosion hazard of buried metallic structure.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 66 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2015

Fen Liu, Xuefeng Zhao, Patrick Y.K. Chau and Qing Tang

The purpose of this paper is to examine how consumers’ value evaluation and personality factors influence consumers’ intention to adopt mobile coupon (M-coupon…

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3252

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine how consumers’ value evaluation and personality factors influence consumers’ intention to adopt mobile coupon (M-coupon) applications in China. The moderating effect of gender on the relationships between personality factors and consumers’ adoption intention is also tested.

Design/methodology/approach

This study conducted a survey to collect data from M-coupon application users. In total, 271 valid responses were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) technology.

Findings

The results indicate that perceived value, personal innovativeness, and coupon proneness positively affect consumers’ acceptance of M-coupon applications. Personal innovativeness has more positive impact on behavioral intention for males than for females. However, the differential effects of coupon proneness on behavioral intention are not significant between males and females. In addition, the findings show that perceived convenience, perceived enjoyment, and perceived money savings positively influence perceived value, whereas perceived fees and perceived privacy risk negatively influence it.

Practical implications

This study helps M-coupon application providers to identify who is positive toward their services and how to improve consumers’ perceived value of the services, eventually expanding their user base.

Originality/value

Prior studies mainly focussed on the usage behavior of M-coupons and overlooked the important role of M-coupon applications in promoting M-coupon use. This research fills this gap. The research findings offer insights into the factors influencing consumers’ behavioral intention to adopt M-coupon applications. Besides, the results of gender’s moderating effect advance the understanding of the differences in males’ coupon usage intentions between the contexts of M-coupon applications and paper-based coupon services, which enrich couponing research.

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Article
Publication date: 8 May 2018

Zhenghe Zhang and Yawen Lu

In the 69 years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, especially the 40 years since the reform and opening-up, the relationship between urban and rural…

Abstract

Purpose

In the 69 years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, especially the 40 years since the reform and opening-up, the relationship between urban and rural areas has undergone profound change. When the deepening reform of the urban-rural relationship is entering a critical period, it is necessary to reassess the evolution of the urban-rural relationship in China and draw a picture for that relationship in the future. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper combs the policies on the urban and rural development since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and analyzes macro data on the industries, population, personal income, and other aspects.

Findings

The study found that this urbanism affects individuals’ lives and the choices of society through the will of the state, and then provides feedback at the whole level of social values.

Originality/value

This paper divides the evolution of China’s urban-rural relationship into two major stages – nurturing cities with rural areas and leading rural areas with cities, which are then subdivided into five periods. The features of the relationship between the urban and rural areas in different periods are analyzed, and the future development of urban-rural relations is also considered.

Details

China Agricultural Economic Review, vol. 10 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-137X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 16 August 2021

Bifeng Yin, Xuefeng Wang, Bo Xu, Gongyin Huang and Xin Kuang

The purpose of this paper was to improve the frictional wear resistance properties of piston skirts caused by the low viscosity lubricant by studying the tribological…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper was to improve the frictional wear resistance properties of piston skirts caused by the low viscosity lubricant by studying the tribological performance of three novel coating materials.

Design/methodology/approach

Comparative tribological examinations were performed in a tribological tester using the ring-block arrangement under two viscosity lubricants, the loading force was applied as 100 N, the speed was set to 60 r/min and the testing time was 180 min.

Findings

Under low viscosity lubricant, the friction coefficient and wear of the three coatings all increase, and the friction coefficient and wear of the PTFE coating are the largest, while the MoS2 coating has the lowest friction coefficient and wear. Under low viscosity lubricant, the friction coefficient of the MoS2 coating is 2.1%–5.4% and 20.0%–24.3% lower than that of the SiO2 and PTFE coating, respectively. The friction coefficient and wear fluctuation rate of the MoS2 coating is the smallest when the lubricant viscosity decreases, which indicates that the MoS2 coating has excellent stability and adaptability under low viscosity lubricant.

Originality/value

To reduce the piston skirt wear caused by low viscosity lubricant in heavy-duty diesel engines, the friction and wear adaptability of three novel composite coating materials for piston skirts were compared under 0 W-20 low viscosity lubricant, which could provide a guidance for the application of wear-resistant materials for heavy-duty diesel engine piston skirt.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 73 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 10 July 2020

Ke Shen and Huawen Shen

Based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), this paper aims to investigate the effects of residents’ place attachment (PA), subjective norms (SNs) and perceived…

Abstract

Purpose

Based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), this paper aims to investigate the effects of residents’ place attachment (PA), subjective norms (SNs) and perceived behavioural control (PBC) on their attitudes towards behaviour (AB) and behavioural intention to support tourism (BI). This paper aims to examine whether residents’ AB mediate the relationships between BI and PA, SNs and PBC.

Design/methodology/approach

The results are obtained using a quantitative method based on data gathered from self-administered questionnaires completed by 406 residents of Hongcun, a Chinese traditional village.

Findings

The TPB is successfully used to explain Chinese traditional village residents BI. The findings extend the extant research and render the TPB more widely applicable. This study confirms that the inclusion of PA within the framework of the TPB is valid and satisfactory, demonstrating continued support for the coupling of complementary theories to explain tourism development from a resident perspective. Finally, this study extends the literature on residents’ PA and demonstrates its impact on their attitudes and consequent reactions, thus supplementing the limited evidence on PA as a direct predictor of residents’ BI. Specifically, SNs are the critical factor affecting residents’ AB and their BI. Residents’ AB only mediate the relationship between SNs and their BI.

Research limitations/implications

This paper only includes PA within the framework of the TPB. More constructs should be incorporated to deepen the understanding of residents’ BI. In addition, the data were only collected in a traditional village.

Originality/value

This paper is one of the first studies to combine PA with the TPB in research on residents’ BI in a developing country – in this instance, China.

中国传统村落居民支持旅游行为意向: 基于拓展的计划行为理论

摘要

研究目的

基于计划行为理论, 本研究探索了传统村落居民之地方依恋、主观规范和感知行为控制对于其行为态度和支持旅游行为意向的影响作用; 同时本研究亦探究了居民之行为态度在地方依恋、主观规范和感知行为控制与其支持旅游行为意向之间的中介作用。

研究方法

本研究采用定量的研究方法, 对从中国传统村落——宏村所收集到的406份有效问卷进行统计分析, 形成结论。

研究发现

本研究发现计划行为理论能够成功解释中国传统村落居民支持旅游行为意向, 进一步拓展了该理论的运用范围。首先, 本研究将地方依恋纳入计划行为理论, 构筑两者之间的理论联系, 打通了原本相互之间独立的两个理论之间的理论逻辑关联, 为后续的相关领域的研究提供了更加扎实的理论依据; 其次, 本研究也进一步拓展已有关于居民地方依恋的研究, 也进一步验证了其对于居民行为态度和支持旅游行为意向的影响作用; 最后, 主观规范在对于居民的行为态度和支持旅游行为意向施最为重要的一个影响因素, 同时主观规范还可以通过行为态度间接影响支持旅游行为意向。

研究局限

本研究仅仅将地方依恋纳入计划行为理论, 应当考虑将更多的影响因素纳入研究范畴, 同时, 本研究的样本仅仅在宏村一地收集, 后续研究应该扩大案例地的范围进行样本的收集。

原创性

本研究是为数不多的将地方依恋纳入计划行为理论研究框架, 来探索发展中国家居民支持旅游行为意向的研究之一。

Intención de comportamiento de los residentes tradicionales chinos de los residentes de las aldeas de apoyar el turismo: un modelo extendido de la teoría de la conducta planificadaPropósito

Basando en la teoría de la conducta planificada, este texto investiga los efectos de apego a un lugar, normas subjetivas y control conductual percibido de los residentes sobre sus actitudes hacia la conducta y hacia la intención conductual para apoyar el turismo. Este texto también examina si las actitudes de residentes hacia la conducta intervienen las relaciones entre la intención conductual para apoyar el turismo y apego a un lugar, normas subjetivas y control conductual percibido.

Diseño/metodología/manera

Los resultados se obtienen usando un método cuantitativo basado en los datos recopilados de los cuestionarios autoadministrados completados por 406 residentes de Hongcun, un pueblo tradicional de china.

Resultados

La teoría de la conducta planificada está utilizada exitosamente para explicar la intención conductual de los residentes de pueblo tradicional de China hacia el apoyo al turismo. Estas conclusiones extienden la investigación existente y deje que la conducta planificada sea aplicada más ampliamente. Este estudio confirma que la inclusión del apego al lugar dentro del marco de la teoría de la conducta planificada es válida y satisfactoria, demostrando el apoyo continuo para el acoplamiento de las teorías complementarias para explicar el desarrollo del turismo a partir de una perspectiva de residente. Finalmente, esta investigación extiende la literatura en el apego al lugar de los residentes y demuestra su impacto en sus actitudes y reacciones consecuentes, complementando así la evidencia limitada en el apego al lugar como un índice de previsión directo de la intención conductual sobre el apoyo al turismo. Especialmente, las normas subjetivas son factores clave que afectan las actitudes de los residentes hacia la conducta y su intención conductual sobre el apoyo al turismo. Las actitudes de los residentes hacia la conducta sólo intervienen la relación entre las normas subjetivas y su intención conductual sobre el apoyo al turismo.

Implicaciones sociales

Este texto sólo incluye el apego al lugar dentro del marco de la teoría de la conducta planificada. Se debería incorporar más constructos para profundizar la comprensión sobre la intención conductual de los residentes sobre el apoyo al turismo. Además, los datos sólo fueron recopilados en un pueblo tradicional.

Originalidad/valor

Este texto es uno de los estudios líderes que combina el apego al lugar con la teoría de la conducta planificada para investigar la intención conductual de los residentes sobre el apoyo al turismo en un país en desarrollo - en esta instancia, China.

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Article
Publication date: 24 September 2019

Madjid Tavana and Vahid Hajipour

Expert systems are computer-based systems that mimic the logical processes of human experts or organizations to give advice in a specific domain of knowledge. Fuzzy expert…

Abstract

Purpose

Expert systems are computer-based systems that mimic the logical processes of human experts or organizations to give advice in a specific domain of knowledge. Fuzzy expert systems use fuzzy logic to handle uncertainties generated by imprecise, incomplete and/or vague information. The purpose of this paper is to present a comprehensive review of the methods and applications in fuzzy expert systems.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors have carefully reviewed 281 journal publications and 149 conference proceedings published over the past 37 years since 1982. The authors grouped the journal publications and conference proceedings separately accordingly to the methods, application domains, tools and inference systems.

Findings

The authors have synthesized the findings and proposed useful suggestions for future research directions. The authors show that the most common use of fuzzy expert systems is in the medical field.

Originality/value

Fuzzy logic can be used to manage uncertainty in expert systems and solve problems that cannot be solved effectively with conventional methods. In this study, the authors present a comprehensive review of the methods and applications in fuzzy expert systems which could be useful for practicing managers developing expert systems under uncertainty.

Details

Benchmarking: An International Journal, vol. 27 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-5771

Keywords

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