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Article
Publication date: 4 January 2016

Xiayu Zheng, Yuhua Wang and Dongfang Lu

The purpose of this paper is to model the particle capture of elliptic magnetic matrices for parallel stream type high magnetic separation, which can be a guidance for the…

160

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to model the particle capture of elliptic magnetic matrices for parallel stream type high magnetic separation, which can be a guidance for the development of novel elliptic cylinder matrices for high-gradient magnetic separation (HGMS).

Design/methodology/approach

The magnetic field distribution around the elliptic matrices is investigated quantitatively and the magnetic field and gradient were calculated. The motion equations of the magnetic particles around the matrices were derived and the particle capture cross-section of elliptic matrices was studied and was compared with that of the conventional circular matrices.

Findings

Elliptic matrices can present larger particle capture cross-section than the conventional circular matrices and can be a kind of promising matrices to be applied to HGMS.

Originality/value

There is little literature investigating the magnetic characteristics and the particle capture of the elliptic matrices in HGMS, the study is of great significance for the development of novel elliptic magnetic matrices in HGMS.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 35 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 21 June 2021

Mohammed I. Abdulsalam and Francisco Presuel-Moreno

The purpose of this paper is to study the susceptibility of these three commonly used corrosion resistance fasteners in seawater. For a more practical scenario, a local…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the susceptibility of these three commonly used corrosion resistance fasteners in seawater. For a more practical scenario, a local Atlantic coastal seawater as received was used.

Design/methodology/approach

Carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) was fabricated with T700 carbon fiber (Toray Inc.) and VE8084 vinyl ester resin (Ashland) to make a unidirectional composite panel of thickness 1.8 mm. A conductive paint was applied to one of the sample edges that was perpendicular to the fiber direction, providing an electrical contact with carbon fibers to connect a copper wire. This external electric connection was used for potential measurements of both the open circuit potential (OCP) of the CFRP sample, and the mixed potential of the fastened set: consisting of the CFRP and the metallic fastener fastened to it. Three common fastener alloys were selected: 316SS, Monel and Titanium. For this purpose, a high impedance voltmeter was used in conjunction with a saturated calomel reference electrode. Measurements were taken daily. For longer time measurements, a four-channel high impedance analog data logger was used with 30 min sampling rate.

Findings

For both 316SS and Monel fastened sets, crevice corrosion occurred inside the occluded regions of the set, when immersed in coastal seawater. The attack was more severe for 316 stainless steel set. An isolated island attack of faceted surfaces morphology was seen for 316SS set. While, a circular ring of preferential grain boundary attack appeared for Monel set, indicating an IR (voltage) drop mechanism is more likely operating. Titanium-fastened sets showed high resistance to crevice corrosion when simmered in seawater. However, for long-time exposure, the sets became more susceptible to crevice corrosion attack supported by CFRP attachment (oxygen reduction reaction taking place at the carbon fibers).

Originality/value

Evidently, titanium, stainless steels and Monel are good candidates for galvanic corrosion resistance. However, their susceptibility to crevice corrosion when coupled with CFRP is a new challenging topic that needs further investigation. This is very important today because the vast application witnessed for CFRP material. This work involves developing an original methodology for this kind of investigation and was done at advanced laboratories of SeaTech at Florida Atlantic University by the Atlantic coastline.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 68 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 29 October 2019

Yanhong Chen, Yaobin Lu, Sumeet Gupta and Zhao Pan

Social shopping website (SSW) introduce the social side into the shopping process, thus making “window” shopping or browsing more interesting for customers. The purpose of…

1450

Abstract

Purpose

Social shopping website (SSW) introduce the social side into the shopping process, thus making “window” shopping or browsing more interesting for customers. The purpose of this paper is to investigate customer online browsing experience and its antecedents (i.e. information quality and social interaction) and consequences (i.e. urge to buy impulsively and continuous browsing intention) in the context of SSW.

Design/methodology/approach

A survey questionnaire was distributed to visitors of online SSW to collect data, and partial least squares technology was used to test the research model.

Findings

The results of this study reveal that three types of web browsing, namely, utilitarian browsing, hedonic browsing and social browsing, take place in a SSW. The unique factors of SSW, namely, the quality of user generated contents and social interaction are critical for facilitating customers’ browsing experiences. Furthermore, the findings reveal that hedonic browsing experience is found to be the most salient factor influencing customers’ urge to buy impulsively and continuance intention.

Practical implications

The findings suggest that practitioners, such as designers and managers of SSW should give special attention to the benefits of browsing activity to convert web browsers into impulse purchasers and increase customers’ loyalty. Moreover, they should focus on improving the quality of user generated content and pay more attention to support and encourage social interaction to enhance browsing experiences on a SSW.

Originality/value

Existing studies about browsing behavior mostly focus on traditional online e-commerce website. This study represents the first step toward understanding browsing activity on SSW. Moreover, prior studies mainly focused on utilitarian and hedonic browsing experience; however, there is a lack of research on social browsing experience. The current study attempts to fill this research gap.

Details

Information Technology & People, vol. 33 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-3845

Keywords

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