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Article
Publication date: 30 May 2008

Valerie Holmes

The aim of this study is to investigate why students work during their degree programme, what influences their choice of employment and to examine students' perception of…

8506

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study is to investigate why students work during their degree programme, what influences their choice of employment and to examine students' perception of their ability to balance work and study.

Design/methodology/approach

A questionnaire was completed by 42 first‐ and second‐year students from a single degree programme at the end of Semester 2.

Findings

Within this group 83 per cent of students worked at some point during term‐time of their degree programme. In total 58 per cent of those students who worked did so to either cover or contribute to basic costs of living. While the majority of students felt they could balance work and study, half of all students questioned felt that working could have a negative impact on their degree classification.

Research limitations/implications

This is a small study, limited to students from one degree programme. This study did not focus on the positive aspects offered to students by employment.

Practical implications

Students can no longer be considered as full‐time students, but rather as having dual roles, that of students and employees.

Originality/value

This study examines specifically the primary reason why students choose to, or have to, work during their university degree programme and adds to current knowledge of students' perception of the effect working has on their academic performance.

Details

Education + Training, vol. 50 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0040-0912

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1960

T.E.A.K. Jackson

Work study originated as an attempt to increase efficiency in a highly circumscribed sector of the total activities of a productive unit. It was very limited in its field…

Abstract

Work study originated as an attempt to increase efficiency in a highly circumscribed sector of the total activities of a productive unit. It was very limited in its field of operation. Quite soon, however, it became clear that it could not be left as an isolated technique, that it involved the very core of organisation. It was not something which could flourish as a mere grafting on to an antique structure, but required to go to the very roots of management and hence it influenced the whole of subsequent growth and activity. Time study, motion study, work method, expanded into the broader philosophy of work study and this impinged on, necessitated change in, the activities of every department in a concern. Work study was not merely interested in the man on the bench, and with showing him how to do his job better. It could only flourish provided it was preceded by elaborate pre‐planning of work, exact scheduling, efficient stores control, efficient purchasing, sound cost accounting, adequate training, proper personnel relations, in fact unless the whole of the management structure was geared to it.

Details

Education + Training, vol. 2 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0040-0912

Article
Publication date: 30 September 2022

Saba Gulzar, Kanwal Hussain, Ather Akhlaq, Zuhair Abbas and Shagufta Ghauri

Recent advancements in the field of organizational psychology have transformed the employees’ perceptions related to the reactions of the employment relationship. The main…

Abstract

Purpose

Recent advancements in the field of organizational psychology have transformed the employees’ perceptions related to the reactions of the employment relationship. The main aim of the study is to explore the consequences of psychological contracts among the nursing staff and how to provide better patient care and quality service in the health-care system as nurses play a pivotal role in the context of Pakistan. Significantly, this study attempts to bridge the research gap by exploring consequences of psychological contracts. Drawing on the social exchange theory, this study examined the psychological contracts of nurses and their reactions to the perceived violation.

Design/methodology/approach

This research adopted a qualitative method and was based on an exploratory approach. Data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews from 21 nurses working in public, private and charity hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan. The thematic content analysis is employed for the analysis of data by using NVivo software.

Findings

The study identified the relational and transactional elements related to the psychological contract of nurses who predominantly consisted of supervisor support, autonomy, tangible/intangible rewards and trust. The intrinsic motivation which relates to their devotion to work was found as an additional element to balance their psychological contract. This research also establishes that the psychological contract of nurses is being violated in their work settings.

Practical implications

By highlighting the importance of psychological contract breach, the findings demonstrate that health-care institutions should take measures to cope with psychological contract breach issues at the workplace.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the body of knowledge by exploring psychological contract breach. Substantially, there are rare studies conducted on psychological contract breach among nurses in developing country context (Pakistan). However, this study adds to the previous studies related to the psychological contract of nurses in the context of Pakistan by using social exchange theories. Finally, this study enables the management of healthcare to balance the psychological contract issues effectively.

Details

Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-4323

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 2 December 2019

Frank Fitzpatrick

Abstract

Details

Understanding Intercultural Interaction: An Analysis of Key Concepts
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-397-0

Article
Publication date: 29 March 2021

Nicola J. Beatson, Paul de Lange and Heinrich Oosthuizen

Students have a finite amount of time that they can allocate between commitments of studywork–life. Striking a balance between these competing activities is an individual…

Abstract

Purpose

Students have a finite amount of time that they can allocate between commitments of studywork–life. Striking a balance between these competing activities is an individual conundrum and this study aims to explore the impact of extramural activities and paid employment on the academic performance of accounting students.

Design/methodology/approach

Guided by Carroll’s model of school learning, the authors adopt a quantitative approach where they survey (N = 264) and gather responses (n = 195) from students with respect to their choices regarding spare time outside study. These perceptions are then compared to their academic performance. Quantitative responses were subsequently triangulated with interview findings to provide in-depth analysis.

Findings

Findings provide greater understanding for educators of the student lived experience, which reveals that the work, study and life balance is individually nuanced and is largely driven by the individual’s perceived level of interference from work, which is a significant predictor of academic performance.

Originality/value

Analysis of the determinants of student learning includes prior academic achievement, confidence with numbers, critical thinking, gender and prior accounting knowledge. Yet, little is known about the implication of activities outside the formal curriculum. This study addresses this void in the literature and provides a much-needed link back to accounting faculty’s pedagogical approaches as they adapt to a cohort’s learning behaviour. This study also adds to the debate on the need for more discussion with faculty to allow alternate arrangements based on extramural activities and employment commitments. Greater understanding of studywork–life balance for students provides an opportunity for new dialog between faculty and students.

Details

Pacific Accounting Review, vol. 33 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0114-0582

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1976

IN a recent television broadcast, a documentary on a family owned engineering factory, it was shown that after nearly 200 years of successful manufacture and trading the…

Abstract

IN a recent television broadcast, a documentary on a family owned engineering factory, it was shown that after nearly 200 years of successful manufacture and trading the firm was going through exceedingly bad times.

Details

Work Study, vol. 25 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

Article
Publication date: 1 August 1961

THE ordinary work study practitioner will naturally ask what difference a European Work Study Federation will make to him. If it is to have his whole‐hearted support he…

Abstract

THE ordinary work study practitioner will naturally ask what difference a European Work Study Federation will make to him. If it is to have his whole‐hearted support he will need to be satisfied that it will bring him advantages he would not obtain otherwise. It is too early to give precise answers to such questions. There are, however, some reasonable deductions that can be made.

Details

Work Study, vol. 10 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

Article
Publication date: 1 August 1976

RECENTLY we were at a garage. A customer had, during the night, left his car for repair. The instructions were stuck on the windscreen and repeated on the wing: REPLACE…

Abstract

RECENTLY we were at a garage. A customer had, during the night, left his car for repair. The instructions were stuck on the windscreen and repeated on the wing: REPLACE NEARSIDE WING ONLY.

Details

Work Study, vol. 25 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

Article
Publication date: 1 August 1973

IT is always an exhilarating experience to hear John Garnett speak. In recent years I have listened to him on very many occasions and never known the fascination to fail…

Abstract

IT is always an exhilarating experience to hear John Garnett speak. In recent years I have listened to him on very many occasions and never known the fascination to fail. Whether in a set speech or when summing up the points made by others there is a power and authority in his staccato sentences.

Details

Work Study, vol. 22 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

Article
Publication date: 1 August 1967

THE British Motor Corporation has taken an important step in setting up a new centre to give a thorough training in modern management and techniques to many of its own…

Abstract

THE British Motor Corporation has taken an important step in setting up a new centre to give a thorough training in modern management and techniques to many of its own people. Of course, Haseley Manor, the Corporation's staff college for almost ten years, has done much to weld together the constituent companies which make up the parent body and it created a climate of good management during a period of rapid growth.

Details

Work Study, vol. 16 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

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