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The purposes of this paper were to assess the quality of life (QoL) in patients with type II diabetes mellitus (DM) in a suburban tertiary hospital and determine the…
The purposes of this paper were to assess the quality of life (QoL) in patients with type II diabetes mellitus (DM) in a suburban tertiary hospital and determine the factors that affect the QoL including individual characteristics, health factors, self-care behaviors and social support.
This study was a cross-sectional study among DM type II cases being treated in a suburban tertiary hospital in Thailand. Data were collected by personal interview from 188 patients in 2018. Diabetes-39 was administered to assess QoL.
54.3 percent of patients had good QoL. Total score of QoL was moderate which found an average score of 216.0 ± 41.0, 46.8% had moderate level in self-care behaviors and 56.4 percent had moderate level in social support. The factors associated with QoL in patients were cerebrovascular disease (Fisher = 7.2, p = 0.01), self-care behaviors (rs = 0.191, p = 0.008) and social support (rs = 0.229, p = 0.002).
Health care system ought to develop a policy driven to improve the QoL in DM type II patients by encouraging self-care behaviors and social support for DM type II patients.
Maternal identity (MI) is the attainment of maternal role adaptation. Though the role of the motherhood is expected to be achieved, teenagers, who are still developing…
Maternal identity (MI) is the attainment of maternal role adaptation. Though the role of the motherhood is expected to be achieved, teenagers, who are still developing their personal identity, do not always clearly identify or align with their role of motherhood. The purpose of this paper is to determine the structural relationship among a set of variables, infant temperament (IT), strain (ST), social support (SS), self-esteem (SE) and balanced family functioning (BF) influencing MI and to test the model using the empirical data.
A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 353 primiparous Thai teenagers of infants aged 4–12 months. A self-administered questionnaire comprised six scales with Cronbach’s α coefficients ranging from 0.81 to 0.93. The structural equation modeling method was employed to test the validity of the model undertaken using Mplus Software.
The model fit the empirical data well (χ2/df=2.17, CFI=0.92, TLI=0.91, RMSEA=0.06, SRMR=0.05). The MI could explain 62 percent of the variance through its set of variables. Three antecedents, i.e. IT, ST and SS, had a direct effect while SE and BF had an indirect effect on MI. The IT had the highest total effect on the MI, while ST was a mediator among other study antecedences concerning the MI.
The model adequately fit the data among teenage mothers one-year postpartum. Promoting MI should strongly diminish strain and encourage positively perceived infant temperament, self-esteem, social support and balanced family functioning.