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Publication date: 19 May 2009

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Immigration, Crime and Justice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-438-2

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Book part
Publication date: 19 May 2009

William F. McDonald

The immigration, crime, and justice nexus holds a special place in the history of criminology. It is one of the oldest, longest running, and ideologically conflicted focal…

Abstract

The immigration, crime, and justice nexus holds a special place in the history of criminology. It is one of the oldest, longest running, and ideologically conflicted focal concerns in the discipline. Its lineage reflects the field's record of scholarly innovation in methodology and theory as well as the development of related subjects of special interest, such as victimology and its subfields, domestic violence, human trafficking, hate crime, victim–offender relationships, and other related topics such as community policing and transnational crime and justice.

Details

Immigration, Crime and Justice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-438-2

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 19 May 2009

Abstract

Details

Immigration, Crime and Justice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-438-2

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 19 May 2009

Abstract

Details

Immigration, Crime and Justice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-438-2

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 19 May 2009

William F. McDonald

Purpose – To assess the role of hate crime legislation in protecting immigrants and winning their hearts; and to determine whether hate crime is increasing with…

Abstract

Purpose – To assess the role of hate crime legislation in protecting immigrants and winning their hearts; and to determine whether hate crime is increasing with immigration and, if not, why.

Methodology – Based on a survey of the literature, a search of news reports in a special interest news clipping service related to immigrants, and the analysis of US National and California hate crime data.

Findings – Immigration does not appear to be associated with increasing hate crime against immigrants in general or Hispanic immigrants in particular in the United States. This may be because immigrants, particularly Hispanic immigrants, tend to live in residentially segregated conditions. However, for people who are probably Middle Eastern–appearing immigrants, the data show a spike in attacks in the years after the September 11 atrocity. The police and prosecutors often decline to arrest and/or to prosecute as hate crimes matters that appear to be hate crimes. This alienates immigrants and makes them believe the opposite of what the proponents of hate legislation would hope. Hate crime legislation does not seem to be to the advantage of immigrants.

Value – This is an empirically based assessment of the value of hate crime legislation for the protection, winning, and integration of immigrants.

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Immigration, Crime and Justice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-438-2

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Book part
Publication date: 19 May 2009

Dita Vogel, William F. McDonald, Bill Jordan, Franck Düvell, Vesela Kovacheva and Bastian Vollmer

Purpose – This is a comparison of the role of the police in the enforcement of immigration law in the interiors of three nations: Germany, the United Kingdom, and the…

Abstract

Purpose – This is a comparison of the role of the police in the enforcement of immigration law in the interiors of three nations: Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Methodology – The study builds upon research the authors have already done as well as desk research on recent developments. It uses three dimensions of the problem to focus the report: the hardware, software, and culture of police involvement in this issue.

Findings – In Germany, the local police are responsible for the enforcement of immigration control and have relatively fast and reliable means to identify undocumented immigrants. This is not the case in the United Kingdom and the United States, but there are trends toward more local police involvement, both by institutional cooperation and by the development of better databases and documents for faster identification. These trends are highly controversial in an environment that values community relations and is highly sensitive to racial profiling. However, there are also indications that the differences in typical police work such as traffic controls and crime investigation may not be as pronounced as the differences between the countries would suggest.

Research implications – This study highlights the need for ethnographic work with the police and with unauthorized immigrants to empirically describe and assess the role that the police are playing and its impact on police–community relations.

Practical implications – The German experience supports the value of a comprehensive information system for rapidly determining the immigration status of suspects, but it may not work as expected in the United States and the United Kingdom, where registration and identification obligations apply to foreign citizens only. With the US and UK experiences, one could predict that discriminating identification practices may become more sensitive issues in a Germany with increasing numbers of immigrated citizens.

Details

Immigration, Crime and Justice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-438-2

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 19 May 2009

Abstract

Details

Immigration, Crime and Justice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-438-2

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 19 May 2009

Abstract

Details

Immigration, Crime and Justice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-438-2

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 19 May 2009

Abstract

Details

Immigration, Crime and Justice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-438-2

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 19 May 2009

Wesley G. Skogan

Purpose – This chapter examines some of the dilemmas involved in policing immigrant communities.Methodology – The chapter is based upon the relatively limited research…

Abstract

Purpose – This chapter examines some of the dilemmas involved in policing immigrant communities.

Methodology – The chapter is based upon the relatively limited research literature on policing immigrant communities, an ongoing review of the contemporary dynamics of this issue in cities and states using the Internet, and original research in Chicago where a large and rapidly growing immigrant Latino community offers examples of most of the observations made by others.

Findings – The chapter first examines some of the barriers limiting the ability of local police to work effectively in heavily immigrant areas. It then describes how these barriers are exacerbated by the presumed presence of significant concentrations of unauthorized migrants as well as legal residents. Demands that local police in the United States become more involved in enforcing immigration laws have become a point of great contention because this involvement runs at cross-purposes with community policing and other strategies to engage more closely with the community.

Research implications – The magnitude of this conflict is illustrated by current debate over “sanctuary cities.” These are communities where local officials have resisted the enforcement priorities of the federal government, and have continued to emphasize the role of the police in serving all residents.

Details

Immigration, Crime and Justice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-438-2

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