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Article
Publication date: 13 November 2018

Guoqing Li, Yunhai Geng and Wenzheng Zhang

This paper aims to introduce an efficient active-simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) approach for rover navigation, future planetary rover exploration mission…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to introduce an efficient active-simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) approach for rover navigation, future planetary rover exploration mission requires the rover to automatically localize itself with high accuracy.

Design/methodology/approach

A three-dimensional (3D) feature detection method is first proposed to extract salient features from the observed point cloud, after that, the salient features are employed as the candidate destinations for re-visiting under SLAM structure, followed by a path planning algorithm integrated with SLAM, wherein the path length and map utility are leveraged to reduce the growth rate of state estimation uncertainty.

Findings

The proposed approach is able to extract distinguishable 3D landmarks for feature re-visiting, and can be naturally integrated with any SLAM algorithms in an efficient manner to improve the navigation accuracy.

Originality/value

This paper proposes a novel active-SLAM structure for planetary rover exploration mission, the salient feature extraction method and active revisit patch planning method are validated to improve the accuracy of pose estimation.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 91 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 July 2020

Gong Chen, Shaojie Liu, Zhigong Tang, Jiangtao Xu and Wenzheng Wang

The modern missile has low uncertain and wide range vibration frequency. The conventional notch filter with the fixed notch frequency is less effective than that of the…

Abstract

Purpose

The modern missile has low uncertain and wide range vibration frequency. The conventional notch filter with the fixed notch frequency is less effective than that of the adaptive notch filter (ANF) in vibration suppression for the time-varying vibration frequency.

Design/methodology/approach

To overcome the drawback, a novel method is based on frequency estimators made by interpolation of three discrete Fourier transform (DFT) spectral lines. The modified frequency estimators based on the interpolation of three DFT spectral lines are presented to identify and track the vibration frequency. Then the notch frequencies of multiple ANFs are real-timely tuned according to estimators.

Findings

Finally, taking the second-order flexible missile as an example, the performance of the proposed method is verified. The verified simulation results show that multiple ANFs are effective in vibration suppression.

Practical implications

Cascading multiple ANFs to achieve multi-order vibration suppression is more efficient and feasible than conventional fixed-parameter notch filtering.

Originality/value

The frequency estimation method based on three DFT spectral lines proposed in this paper can effectively identify and track signals in the noise environment. Compared with conventional methods, the method pretended in this paper has high identification accuracy and a stronger ability to track signals. It can meet the fast frequency identification requirements of the actual flexible missile.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 92 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 5 June 2017

Xiaohong Yuan, Wenzheng Xu, Fenglin Huang, Qingqing Wang, Qufu Wei and Dongsheng Chen

Structural color is more brilliant in color, more resistant to sunshine and will not fade away with time, and more environmental friendly than traditional dyes and…

Abstract

Purpose

Structural color is more brilliant in color, more resistant to sunshine and will not fade away with time, and more environmental friendly than traditional dyes and pigments. The purpose of this paper is to prepare structural colors of fabrics coated with Ag/TiO2 composite films by magnetron sputtering, and analyze the relationship between the colors and the thicknesses of TiO2 films in Ag/TiO2 composite films.

Design/methodology/approach

Preparation of Ag/TiO2 composite films by magnetron sputtering and their deposition on textiles were investigated. The chemical compositions and surface morphology of Ag/TiO2 composite films were examined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy, and the structural color of fabric coated with Ag/TiO2 composite film was also analyzed.

Findings

Ag/TiO2 composite films deposited on textile substrate exhibited structural colors, and the bright colors could be adjusted and controlled by the thickness of TiO2 thin films in Ag/TiO2 composite films without any dyes or pigments. By comparing the results of theoretical calculation and experimental results, it was found that the creation of structural colors by the experiment was coincident to the colors by theoretical calculation according to the film interference principle. There was a linear relationship between the thickness of TiO2 film and the wavelength of the structural color.

Originality/value

Compared to traditional coloration by dyes or pigments, the coloration of textile by structural color from Ag/TiO2 composite films prepared by magnetron sputtering was very environmental friendly and simple without water consuming, time consuming and tedious work. Structural colors have great potential applications in textiles in place of traditional dyes and pigments. Furthermore, the textiles coated with Ag/TiO2 composite films have good electrical, optical and magnetic properties, and can be used in apparel, home furnishings and industrial fabrics.

Details

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, vol. 29 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-6222

Keywords

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