Search results

1 – 3 of 3
Article
Publication date: 13 May 2019

Tore Hoel and Weiqin Chen

Privacy is a culturally universal process; however, in the era of Big Data privacy is handled very differently in different parts of the world. This is a challenge when…

Abstract

Purpose

Privacy is a culturally universal process; however, in the era of Big Data privacy is handled very differently in different parts of the world. This is a challenge when designing tools and approaches for the use of Educational Big Data (EBD) and learning analytics (LA) in a global market. The purpose of this paper is to explore the concept of information privacy in a cross-cultural setting to define a common point of reference for privacy engineering.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper follows a conceptual exploration approach. Conceptual work on privacy in EBD and LA in China and the west is contrasted with the general discussion of privacy in a large corpus of literature and recent research. As much of the discourse on privacy has an American or European bias, intimate knowledge of Chinese education is used to test the concept of privacy and to drive the exploration of how information privacy is perceived in different cultural and educational settings.

Findings

The findings indicate that there are problems using privacy concepts found in European and North-American theories to inform privacy engineering for a cross-cultural market in the era of Big Data. Theories based on individualism and ideas of control of private information do not capture current global digital practice. The paper discusses how a contextual and culture-aware understanding of privacy could be developed to inform privacy engineering without letting go of universally shared values. The paper concludes with questions that need further research to fully understand information privacy in education.

Originality/value

As far as the authors know, this paper is the first attempt to discuss – from a comparative and cross-cultural perspective – information privacy in an educational context in the era of Big Data. The paper presents initial explorations of a problem that needs urgent attention if good intentions of privacy supportive educational technologies are to be turned into more than political slogans.

Details

The International Journal of Information and Learning Technology, vol. 36 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-4880

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 June 2020

Davood Darvishi, Sifeng Liu and Jeffrey Yi-Lin Forrest

The purpose of this paper is to survey and express the advantages and disadvantages of the existing approaches for solving grey linear programming in decision-making problems.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to survey and express the advantages and disadvantages of the existing approaches for solving grey linear programming in decision-making problems.

Design/methodology/approach

After presenting the concepts of grey systems and grey numbers, this paper surveys existing approaches for solving grey linear programming problems and applications. Also, methods and approaches for solving grey linear programming are classified, and its advantages and disadvantages are expressed.

Findings

The progress of grey programming has been expressed from past to present. The main methods for solving the grey linear programming problem can be categorized as Best-Worst model, Confidence degree, Whitening parameters, Prediction model, Positioned solution, Genetic algorithm, Covered solution, Multi-objective, Simplex and dual theory methods. This survey investigates the developments of various solving grey programming methods and its applications.

Originality/value

Different methods for solving grey linear programming problems are presented, where each of them has disadvantages and advantages in providing results of grey linear programming problems. This study attempted to review papers published during 35 years (1985–2020) about grey linear programming solving and applications. The review also helps clarify the important advantages, disadvantages and distinctions between different approaches and algorithms such as weakness of solving linear programming with grey numbers in constraints, inappropriate results with the lower bound is greater than upper bound, out of feasible region solutions and so on.

Details

Grey Systems: Theory and Application, vol. 11 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2043-9377

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 29 April 2020

Ömer Utku Kahraman and Erdal Aydemir

The purpose of this paper is to manage the demand uncertainty considered as lower and upper levels for a medium-scale industrial distribution planning problem in a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to manage the demand uncertainty considered as lower and upper levels for a medium-scale industrial distribution planning problem in a biobjective inventory routing problem (IRP). In order to achieve this, the grey system theory is applied since no statistical distribution from the past data and incomplete information.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is investigated with optimizing the distribution plan, which involves 30 customers of 12 periods in a manufacturing company under demand uncertainty that is considered as lower and upper levels for a biobjective IRP with using grey demand parameters as a grey integer programming model. In the data set, there are also some missing demand values for the customers. So, the seven different grey models are developed to eliminat the effects on demand uncertainties in computational analysis using a piece of developed software considering the logistical performance indicators such as total deliveries, total cost, the total number of tours, distribution capacity, average remaining capacity and solution time.

Findings

Results show that comparing the grey models, the cost per unit and the maximum number of vehicle parameters are also calculated as the new key performance indicator, and then results were ranked and evaluated in detail. Another important finding is the demand uncertainties can be managed with a new approach via logistics performance indicators using alternative solutions.

Practical implications

The results enable logistics managers to understand the importance of demand uncertainties if more reliable decisions are wanted to make with obtaining a proper distribution plan for effective use of their expectations about the success factors in logistics management.

Originality/value

The study is the first in terms of the application of grey models in a biobjective IRP with using interval grey demand data. Successful implementation of the grey approaches allows obtaining a more reliable distribution plan. In addition, this paper also offers a new key performance indicator for the final decision.

Details

Grey Systems: Theory and Application, vol. 10 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2043-9377

Keywords

1 – 3 of 3