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1 – 10 of 27
Article
Publication date: 1 March 2003

W.A.C Adie MA

Roots of global Terrorism are in ‘failed’ states carved out of multiracial empires after World Wars I and II in name of ‘national self‐determination’. Both sides in the…

Abstract

Roots of global Terrorism are in ‘failed’ states carved out of multiracial empires after World Wars I and II in name of ‘national self‐determination’. Both sides in the Cold War competed to exploit the process of disintegration with armed and covert interventions. In effect, they were colluding at the expense of the ‘liberated’ peoples. The ‘Vietnam Trauma’ prevented effective action against the resulting terrorist buildup and blowback until 9/11. As those vultures come home to roost, the war broadens to en vision overdue but coercive reforms to the postwar system of nation states, first in the Middle East. Mirages of Vietnam blur the vision; can the sole Superpower finish the job before fiscal and/or imperial overstretch implode it?

Details

International Journal of Commerce and Management, vol. 13 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1056-9219

Abstract

Details

The New Metrics: Practical Assessment of Research Impact
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-269-6

Book part
Publication date: 11 April 2019

Trin Thananusak and Shaz Ansari

The authors explore the emergence of altmetrics and Open Access (OA) publishing and discuss why their adoption in the management field lags behind other fields such as…

Abstract

The authors explore the emergence of altmetrics and Open Access (OA) publishing and discuss why their adoption in the management field lags behind other fields such as life sciences. The authors draw on the status literature to discuss the knowledge production and consumption underpinned by the ‘Impact Factor’ metric and high-status ‘Toll Access’ journals and their implications. The authors explain the rise of altmetrics and OA publishing and their implications on the production and consumption of knowledge. The authors then examine the current situation, challenges and offer reflections on the management field’s progression towards a more open research regime in the digital era.

Details

The Production of Managerial Knowledge and Organizational Theory: New Approaches to Writing, Producing and Consuming Theory
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-183-4

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2010

Klaasjan Visscher, J. Irene and A. Visscher‐Voerman

The purpose of this paper is to map the variety in organizational design approaches, to clarify their differences, and to find out what constitutes good designing in practice.

5089

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to map the variety in organizational design approaches, to clarify their differences, and to find out what constitutes good designing in practice.

Design/methodology/approach

A series of in‐depth interviews with experienced, high‐reputation consultants is used to reconstruct organizational design practice.

Findings

The paper presents a typology with three organizational design approaches, stemming from different theoretical traditions. The paper demonstrates that the three approaches comprise both traditional design activities – analysis, design, implementation, and evaluation – experimental activities, and political activities, but that the emphasis, elaboration, rationale and order of these activities are very different for each approach.

Research limitations/implications

The study provides a framework for further research on the contextualization of design processes, investigating which design approaches work under which conditions.

Practical implications

Practitioners can use the results of this study to clarify, improve and enrich their own approach of organizational designing.

Originality/value

Management literature contains many models of organization design processes, but empirical studies of these processes are rare, and not yet existing in the context of management consulting. The paper fills some of the gaps.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 48 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1980

IT was in February that we condemned the Finniston Report on the grounds that it had failed to tackle what was surely the first consideration: the definition of what an

Abstract

IT was in February that we condemned the Finniston Report on the grounds that it had failed to tackle what was surely the first consideration: the definition of what an engineer is. Out of the dozens of recognised qualifications and the countless unqualified people who can and do call themselves engineers, albeit of one sort or another, it is surely impossible to set up one colossal Authority to control the lot, without that definition.

Details

Work Study, vol. 29 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

Article
Publication date: 22 November 2011

Mariamma Chacko and K. Poulose Jacob

The purpose of this paper is to describe an approach towards code validation of RISC microcontrollers, which helps to automate software debugging. A static machine code…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe an approach towards code validation of RISC microcontrollers, which helps to automate software debugging. A static machine code analysis which checks the appropriateness of instructions in a sequence to identify any logical mistakes and also to identify redundant codes appearing in a program for the target processor is presented.

Design/methodology/approach

Validation is done with the help of rules of inferences formulated for the target processor. The rules govern the occurrence of illegitimate/out of place instructions and code sequences for executing the computational and integrated peripheral functions. The stipulated rules are encoded in propositional logic formulae and their compliance is tested in all possible execution paths of the application programs. An incorrect sequence of machine code pattern is identified using slicing techniques on the control flow graph generated from machine code.

Findings

The results explain that the technique is independent of compiler/assembler and contributes to early detection of software bugs that are otherwise hard to detect. Program states are identified mainly with machine code pattern, which drastically reduces the state space creation contributing to an improved state‐of‐the‐art model checking.

Research limitations/implications

Though the technique described is general, the implementation is highly architecture oriented, and hence the feasibility study is conducted only on PIC16F87X microcontrollers.

Practical implications

This validation tool can be integrated to the system development environment resulting in improved software quality and reduced debugging time.

Originality/value

It is a novel and original approach at machine code level applicable to a wide range of processors once appropriate rules are available.

Details

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, vol. 4 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-378X

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Article
Publication date: 8 August 2016

Lutz Bornmann and Robin Haunschild

Hicks et al. (2015) have formulated the so-called Leiden manifesto, in which they have assembled the ten principles for a meaningful evaluation of research on the basis of…

Abstract

Purpose

Hicks et al. (2015) have formulated the so-called Leiden manifesto, in which they have assembled the ten principles for a meaningful evaluation of research on the basis of bibliometric data. The paper aims to discuss this issue.

Design/methodology/approach

In this work the attempt is made to indicate the relevance of the Leiden manifesto for altmetrics.

Findings

As shown by the discussion of the ten principles against the background of the knowledge about and the research into altmetrics, the principles also have a great importance for altmetrics and should be taken into account in their application.

Originality/value

Altmetrics is already frequently used in the area of research evaluation. Thus, it is important that the user of altmetrics data knows the relevance of the Leiden manifesto also in this area.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 40 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 27 January 2022

Jane Booth

At a time when societal issues of inequality and hidden privilege are consistently pervading our media channels, the drive for gender balanced leadership across UK sports…

Abstract

At a time when societal issues of inequality and hidden privilege are consistently pervading our media channels, the drive for gender balanced leadership across UK sports organisations has arguably never been more necessary and the importance of effective, relevant development opportunities for women in sport has never been greater. Yet, despite decades of programme interventions from sports councils and other governing organisations providing such development and support for females in the sector, sport in the UK continues to be led predominantly ‘by men, for men’. Drawing on personal experience and relevant research into gender equity in sport, alongside connected doctoral research, this chapter will highlight such inequity and present a case for an alternative approach that challenges the sector to adopt a different perspective on gender inequity in sport. The benefits of a more diverse and balanced workforce will only be achieved when the cultures throughout sport are truly inclusive and embrace difference. In a world where change is an inevitable part of everyday life, readers will be encouraged to contemplate how they can play their part in delivering the range of solutions required for creating the inclusive environments that will actively enable women to take their places alongside men and be recognised as authentic, capable and effective leaders.

Details

Gender Equity in UK Sport Leadership and Governance
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80043-207-9

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Article
Publication date: 17 October 2019

Ali Ouchi, Mohammad Karim Saberi, Nasim Ansari, Leila Hashempour and Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam

The purpose of this paper is to study the presence of highly cited papers of Nature in social media websites and tools. It also tries to examine the correlation between…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the presence of highly cited papers of Nature in social media websites and tools. It also tries to examine the correlation between altmetric and bibliometric indicators.

Design/methodology/approach

This descriptive study was carried out using altmetric indicators. The research sample consisted of 1,000 most-cited articles in Nature. In February 2019, the bibliographic information of these articles was extracted from the Scopus database. Then, the titles of all articles were manually searched on Google, and by referring to the article in the journal website and altmetric institution, the data related to social media presence and altmetric score of articles were collected. The data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel and SPSS.

Findings

According to the results of the study, from 1,000 articles, 989 of them (98.9 per cent) were mentioned at least once in different social media websites and tools. The most used altmetric source in highly cited articles was Mendeley (98.9 per cent), followed by Citeulike (79.8 per cent) and Wikipedia (69.4 per cent). Most Tweets, blog posts, Facebook posts, news stories, readers in Mendeley, Citeulike and Connotea and Wikipedia citations belonged to the article titled “Mastering the game of Go with deep neural networks and tree search”. The highest altmetric score was 3,135 which belonged to this paper. Most tweeters and articles’ readers were from the USA. The membership type of the tweeters was public membership. In terms of fields of study, most readers were PhD students in Agricultural and Biological Sciences. Finally, the results of Spearman’s Correlation revealed positive significant statistical correlation between all altmetric indicators and received citations of highly cited articles (p-value = 0.0001).

Practical implications

The results of this study can help researchers, editors and editorial boards of journals better understand the importance and benefits of using social media and tools to publish articles.

Originality/value

Altmetrics is a relatively new field, and in particular, there are not many studies related to the presence of articles in various social media until now. Accordingly, in this study, a comprehensive altmetric analysis was carried out on 1000 most-cited articles of one of the world's most reliable journals.

Details

Information Discovery and Delivery, vol. 47 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-6247

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