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Article
Publication date: 29 December 2017

Jitendra Kumar Singh, Gauri Shenker Seth and Saikh Ghousia Begum

The purpose of this paper is to present an analytical study on an unsteady magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) boundary layer flow of a rotating viscoelastic fluid over an infinite…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present an analytical study on an unsteady magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) boundary layer flow of a rotating viscoelastic fluid over an infinite vertical porous plate embedded in a uniform porous medium with oscillating free-stream taking Hall and ion-slip currents into account. The unsteady MHD flow in the rotating fluid system is generated due to the buoyancy forces arising from temperature and concentration differences in the field of gravity and oscillatory movement of the free-stream.

Design/methodology/approach

The resulting partial differential equations governing the fluid motion are solved analytically using the regular perturbation method by assuming a very small viscoelastic parameter. In order to note the influences of various system parameters and to discuss the important flow features, the numerical results for fluid velocity, temperature and species concentration are computed and depicted graphically vs boundary layer parameter whereas skin friction, Nusselt number and Sherwood number at the plate are computed and presented in tabular form.

Findings

An interesting observation is recorded that there occurs a reversal flow in the secondary flow direction due to the movement of the free stream. It is also noted that a decrease in the suction parameter gives a rise in momentum, thermal and concentration boundary layer thicknesses.

Originality/value

Very little research work is reported in the literature on non-Newtonian fluid dynamics where unsteady flow in the system arises due to time-dependent movement of the plate. The motive of the present analytical study is to analyse the influences of Hall and ion-slip currents on unsteady MHD natural convection flow of a rotating viscoelastic fluid (non-Newtonian fluid) over an infinite vertical porous plate embedded in a uniform porous medium with oscillating free-stream.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 14 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2004

Y. Zhang

This paper studies elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) of line contacts for the slide‐roll ratios 0‐2 based on the assumptions of interfacial shear strength and…

Abstract

This paper studies elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) of line contacts for the slide‐roll ratios 0‐2 based on the assumptions of interfacial shear strength and interfacial slip. It is shown that the viscoelastic, viscoplastic and non‐continuum fluids distribute from the inlet zone to the Hertzian contact zone in order for a given operating condition when the load and rolling speed exceed critical values. For the rolling speed below the critical, the distributing fluids from the inlet zone to the Hertzian contact zone in order are viscoelastic and non‐continuum when the load exceeds a critical value. These show a multirheological behavior EHL film, formed in a contact, which may represent a mode of mixed lubrication. For this mode of lubrication, the fluid model should handle both inlet and Hertzian contact zones where the fluids are, respectively, continuum and non‐continuum. A new EHL analysis and theory, therefore needs to be established.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 56 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 June 2014

Minakshi Poonia and R. Bhargava

The purpose of this paper is to deal with the study of free convection magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) boundary layer flow of an incompressible viscoelastic fluid along an…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to deal with the study of free convection magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) boundary layer flow of an incompressible viscoelastic fluid along an inclined moving plate and heat transfer characteristics with prescribed quadratic power-law surface temperature.

Design/methodology/approach

The governing partial differential equations are transformed into non-dimensional, non-linear coupled ordinary differential equations which are solved numerically by robust Galerkin finite element method.

Findings

Numerical results for the dimensionless velocity and temperature profiles are displayed graphically for various physical parameters such as viscoelasticity, Prandtl number, angle of inclination parameter, magnetic and buoyancy parameter. The local Nusselt number is found to be the decreasing function of magnetic field parameter whereas it increases with increasing values of Prandtl number, viscoelastic parameter and buoyancy parameter.

Practical implications

The present problem finds significant applications in MHD power generators, cooling of nuclear reactors, thin film solar energy collector devices.

Originality/value

The objective of this work is to analyze the heat transfer of convective MHD viscoelastic fluid along a moving inclined plate with quadratic power law surface temperature. An extensively validated, highly efficient, variation finite element code is used to study this problem. The results are validated and demonstrated graphically.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 2003

R.E. Khayat and N. Ashrafi

A hybrid spectral/boundary element approach is proposed to examine the influence of Couette channel flow on transient coating of highly elastic fluids. The viscoelastic

Abstract

A hybrid spectral/boundary element approach is proposed to examine the influence of Couette channel flow on transient coating of highly elastic fluids. The viscoelastic instability of one‐dimensional plane Couette flow is first determined for a large class of Oldroyd fluids with added viscosity, which typically represent polymer solutions composed of a Newtonian solvent and a polymeric solute. The Johnson‐Segalman equation is used as the constitutive model. The velocity profile inside the channel is taken as the exit profile for the emerging free‐surface flow. The flow is assumed to be Newtonian as it emerges from the channel. An estimate of the magnitude of the rate‐of‐strain tensor components in the free‐surface region reveals that they are generally smaller than the shear rate inside the channel. The evolution of the flow front is simulated using the boundary element method. For the channel flow, the problem is reduced to a non‐linear dynamical system using the Galerkin projection method. Stability analysis indicates that the channel velocity may be linear or non‐linear depending on the range of the Weissenberg number. The evolution of the coating flow at the exit is examined for steady as well as transient (monotonic and oscillatory) channel flow. It is found that adverse flow can exist as a result of fluid elasticity, which can hinder the process of blade coating.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 13 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 22 December 2020

Saima Batool, Muhammad Nawaz and Mohammed Kbiri Alaoui

This study presents a mathematical approach and model that can be useful to investigate the thermal performance of fluids with microstructures via hybrid nanoparticles in…

Abstract

Purpose

This study presents a mathematical approach and model that can be useful to investigate the thermal performance of fluids with microstructures via hybrid nanoparticles in conventional fluid. It has been found from the extensive literature survey that no study has been conducted to investigate buoyancy effects on the flow of Maxwell fluid comprised of hybrid microstructures and heat generation aspects through the non-Fourier heat flux model.

Design/methodology/approach

Non-Fourier heat flux model and non-Newtonian stress–strain rheology with momentum and thermal relaxation phenomena are used to model the transport of heat and momentum in viscoelastic fluid over convectively heated surface. The role of suspension of mono and hybrid nanostructures on an increase in the thermal efficiency of fluid is being used as a medium for transportation of heat energy. The governing mathematical problems with thermo-physical correlations are solved via shooting method.

Findings

It is noted from the simulations that rate of heat transfer is much faster in hybrid nanofluid as compare to simple nanofluid with the increasing heat-generation coefficient. Additionally, an increment in the thermal relaxation time leads to decrement in the reduced skin friction coefficient; however, strong behavior of Nusselt number is shown when thermal relaxation time becomes larger for hybrid nanofluid as well as simple nanofluid.

Originality/value

According to the literature survey, no investigation has been made on buoyancy effects of Maxwell fluid flow with hybrid microstructures and heat generation aspects through non-Fourier heat flux model. The authors confirm that this work is original, and it has neither been published elsewhere nor is it currently under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 17 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 2006

Y. Zhang

To review, analyze and present the effects of the contact‐fluid interfacial shear strength and contact‐fluid interfacial slippage and the critical importance of these…

2034

Abstract

Purpose

To review, analyze and present the effects of the contact‐fluid interfacial shear strength and contact‐fluid interfacial slippage and the critical importance of these effects in elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL).

Design/methodology/approach

The experimental and theoretical research results of the contact‐fluid interfacial shear strength and its caused contact‐fluid interfacial slippage in hydrodynamic lubrication and especially in EHL obtained in the past decades and progressed in recent years by the present author and by others are reviewed. Analysis and presentation are made on both the contact‐fluid interfacial shear strength versus fluid pressure curve for a given bulk fluid temperature in an isothermal EHL and the influence of the bulk fluid temperature on this curve.

Findings

It is very clearly and well understood from the present paper that the value of the contact‐fluid interfacial shear strength in the inlet zone in an EHL contact, i.e. at low EHL fluid film pressures is usually low and usually has rather a weak dependence on the EHL fluid film pressure. This proves the correctness of the EHL theories previously developed by the author based on the assumption of this low value and dependence on the EHL fluid film pressure of the contact‐fluid interfacial shear strength. It is also very clearly understood that the bulk fluid temperature usually has a strong influence on the value of the contact‐fluid interfacial shear strength in EHL and the increase of this temperature usually significantly reduces the value of the contact‐fluid interfacial shear strength in EHL.

Practical implications

A very useful material for the engineers who are engaged in the design of EHL on gears, cams and roller bearings, and for the tribology scientists who thrust efforts in studying EHL and mixed EHL both by theoretical modeling and by experiments.

Originality/value

A new and generalized mode of mixed EHL is originally proposed by incorporating the finding of a more realistic mode of the contact regimes in a practical mixed EHL based on the contact‐fluid interfacial shear strength and contact‐fluid interfacial slippage effects. This mode of mixed EHL should become the direction of the theoretical research of mixed EHL in the future.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 58 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 18 April 2017

Yang Guo, Huseini S. Patanwala, Brice Bognet and Anson W.K. Ma

This paper aims to summarize the latest developments both in terms of theoretical understanding and experimental techniques related to inkjet fluids. The purpose is to…

2018

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to summarize the latest developments both in terms of theoretical understanding and experimental techniques related to inkjet fluids. The purpose is to provide practitioners a self-contained review of how the performance of inkjet and inkjet-based three-dimensional (3D) printing is fundamentally influenced by the properties of inkjet fluids.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is written for practitioners who may not be familiar with the underlying physics of inkjet printing. The paper thus begins with a brief review of basic concepts in inkjet fluid characterization and the relevant dimensionless groups. Then, how drop impact and contact angle affect the footprint and resolution of inkjet printing is reviewed, especially onto powder and fabrics that are relevant to 3D printing and flexible electronics applications. A future outlook is given at the end of this review paper.

Findings

The jettability of Newtonian fluids is well-studied and has been generalized using a dimensionless Ohnesorge number. However, the inclusion of various functional materials may modify the ink fluid properties, leading to non-Newtonian behavior, such as shear thinning and elasticity. This paper discusses the current understanding of common inkjet fluids, such as particle suspensions, shear-thinning fluids and viscoelastic fluids.

Originality/value

A number of excellent review papers on the applications of inkjet and inkjet-based 3D printing already exist. This paper focuses on highlighting the current scientific understanding and possible future directions.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 23 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 29 March 2011

Maryam Momeni, Naghmeh Jamshidi, Amin Barari and Ganji Domairry

The purpose of this paper is to study the flow and heat transfer of an incompressible homogeneous second‐grade fluid past a stretching sheet channel and employ the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the flow and heat transfer of an incompressible homogeneous second‐grade fluid past a stretching sheet channel and employ the homotopy analysis method (HAM) to compute an approximation to the solution of the system of nonlinear differential equations governing on the problem.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, a study of the flow and heat transfer of an incompressible homogeneous second‐grade fluid past a stretching sheet channel is presented and the HAM is employed to compute an approximation to the solution of the system of nonlinear differential equations governing on the problem. It has been attempted to show the capabilities and wide‐range applications of the HAM in comparison with the numerical method in solving this problem.

Findings

The obtained solutions, in comparison with the exact solutions admit a remarkable accuracy.

Originality/value

In this paper, a study of the flow and heat transfer of an incompressible homogeneous second‐grade fluid past a stretching sheet channel is presented and the HAM is employed to compute an approximation to the solution of the system of nonlinear differential equations governing on the problem. The paper shows the capabilities and wide‐range applications of the HAM in comparison with the numerical method in solving this problem. The obtained solutions, in comparison with the exact solutions admit a remarkable accuracy.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 21 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 November 2003

M.S. Chandio, H. Matallah and M.F. Webster

A numerical study on the stretching of a Newtonian fluid filament is analysed. Stretching is performed between two retracting plates, moving under constant extension rate…

Abstract

A numerical study on the stretching of a Newtonian fluid filament is analysed. Stretching is performed between two retracting plates, moving under constant extension rate. A semi‐implicit Taylor‐Galerkin/pressure‐correction finite element formulation is employed on variable‐structure triangular meshes. Stability and accuracy of the scheme is maintained up to large Hencky‐strain levels. A non‐uniform radius profile, minimum at the filament mid‐plane, is observed along the filament‐length at all times. We have found maintenance of a suitable mesh aspect‐ratio around the mid‐plane region (maximum stretch zone) to restrict early filament break‐up and consequently solution divergence. As such, true transient flow evolution is traced and the numerical results bear close agreement with the literature.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 13 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 May 2016

Rahim M Khorasany, Roger E Khayat and Mohammad Niknami

The purpose of this paper is to determine the thermo-gravitational convective state of a non-Fourier fluid layer of the single-phase-lagging type, heated from below…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine the thermo-gravitational convective state of a non-Fourier fluid layer of the single-phase-lagging type, heated from below. Unlike existing methodologies, the spectral modes are not imposed arbitrarily. They are systematically identified by expanding the spectral coefficients in terms of the relative departure in the post-critical Rayleigh number (perturbation parameter). The number and type of modes is determined to each order in the expansion. Non-Fourier effects become important whenever the relaxation time (delay in the response of the heat flux with respect to the temperature gradient) is of the same order of magnitude as process time.

Design/methodology/approach

In the spectral method the flow and temperature fields are expanded periodically along the layer and orthonormal shape functions are used in the transverse direction. A perturbation approach is developed to solve the nonlinear spectral system in the post-critical range.

Findings

The Nusselt number increases with non-Fourier effect as suggested in experiments in microscale and nanofluid convection.

Originality/value

Unlike existing nonlinear formulations for RB thermal convection, the present combined spectral-perturbation approach provides a systematic method for mode selection.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 26 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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