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Virginie Pérotin and Andrew Robinson

This volume of Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor Managed Firms consists of nine original papers grouped together under the title of “Employee…

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This volume of Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor Managed Firms consists of nine original papers grouped together under the title of “Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival.” The first four papers explore the growing area of empirical studies of participatory and labor-managed firms’ survival. The second group of three papers offers a number of new approaches and insights into the performance effects of participatory firms, while the final group of papers provides a broad-ranging synthesis and assessment of the experience of employee ownership and participation in transition.

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Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-114-9

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This volume of Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor-Managed Firms marks the third volume in this series to be produced by Elsevier. The two…

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This volume of Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor-Managed Firms marks the third volume in this series to be produced by Elsevier. The two previous volumes, Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival, edited by Virginie Perotin and Andrew Robinson, published in 2004, and The Determinants of the Incidence and the Effects of Participatory Organizations, edited by Takao Kato and Jeffrey Pliskin and published in 2003, marked the re-launching of the series. (The series began in 1985. Six volumes appeared during 1985–1995 when the series was published by JAI and was co-edited by Jan Svejnar and Derek C. Jones.)

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Participation in the Age of Globalization and Information
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-278-8

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This volume of Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor Managed Firms is the tenth in the series. The series began in 1985 and until 1998 six volumes…

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This volume of Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor Managed Firms is the tenth in the series. The series began in 1985 and until 1998 six volumes appeared. Then the series was published by JAI and Jan Svejnar and I were co-editors. The series was re-launched in 2003 when volume 7 (edited by Takao Kato and Jeffrey Pliskin) appeared as the first volume to be published by Elsevier. Subsequent volumes, both published by Elsevier, were edited by Virginie Perotin and Andrew Robinson (volume 8, 2004) and by Panu Kalmi and Mark Klinedinst (volume 9, 2006.)

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Cooperative Firms in Global Markets
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-7623-1389-1

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Virginie Pérotin

The paper explores the pattern of early closure risks for worker cooperatives, whether this pattern involves a “liability of newness” or a “liability of adolescence” and…

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The paper explores the pattern of early closure risks for worker cooperatives, whether this pattern involves a “liability of newness” or a “liability of adolescence” and whether it applies identically to coops created from scratch, to rescues of failing firms and to conversions from sound conventional businesses to the cooperative form. Non-parametric hazard curves are estimated using data on the 2,740 worker cooperatives created in France in 1977–1993, 1,660 of which exited during the period. Comparisons are drawn with conventional French firms whenever data for the same cohorts are available.

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Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-114-9

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Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-114-9

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Abstract

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Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-114-9

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Panu Kalmi

One of the surprising developments in the privatization processes of post-socialist economies was the high incidence of employee ownership. However, the available evidence…

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One of the surprising developments in the privatization processes of post-socialist economies was the high incidence of employee ownership. However, the available evidence suggests that the number of employee-owned firms is declining quite rapidly. This paper approaches the decline by using data on individuals in Estonian employee-owned firms. The key idea is that employee ownership can be sustainable only if it is extended also to new, incoming employees.We analyze the determinants of ownership in employee-owned firms and find out that new employees are excluded from ownership. While this finding is consistent with the literature on “degeneration” of employee-owned firms, it is not consistent with earlier empirical research. We argue that in developed economies, there are many countervailing forces that prevent the decline, but these are not in operation in Estonia. The peculiarity of Estonian findings is explained by different motives of entry of employee ownership vs. advanced market economies. However, the findings from this study may carry over to other transition economies as well.

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Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-114-9

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Derek C Jones

This volume of Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor Managed Firms marks the second volume in this series to be produced by Elsevier. The previous…

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This volume of Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor Managed Firms marks the second volume in this series to be produced by Elsevier. The previous volume “The Determinants of the Incidence and the Effects of Participatory Organizations” edited by Takao Kato and Jeffrey Pliskin, marked the re-launching of the series. (The series began in 1985. Six volumes appeared during 1985–1995 when the series was published by JAI and was co-edited by Jan Svejnar and Derek C. Jones.)

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Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-114-9

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Fathi Fakhfakh

This paper uses an unbalanced panel of 129 French firms over the period 1981–1991 to test the effects of two participatory schemes – profit sharing and employee share…

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This paper uses an unbalanced panel of 129 French firms over the period 1981–1991 to test the effects of two participatory schemes – profit sharing and employee share ownership – on voluntary quits. The effects of sharing schemes on productivity are well documented and most studies show positive and significant effects on productivity but their effects on quits have been less studied. This paper is the first French study looking at the effects of profit sharing and employee share ownership on quits. Our empirical investigation shows that employee share ownership reduces voluntary quits significantly whereas pure profit sharing has no significant effect.

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Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-114-9

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Rhokeun Park, Douglas Kruse and James Sesil

Research on employee ownership has focused on questions of productivity, profitability, and employee attitudes and behavior, while there has been little attention to the…

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Research on employee ownership has focused on questions of productivity, profitability, and employee attitudes and behavior, while there has been little attention to the most basic measure of performance: survival of the company. This study uses data on all U.S. public companies as of 1988, following them through 2001 to examine how employee ownership is related to survival. Estimation using Weibull survival models shows that companies with employee ownership stakes of 5% or more were only 76% as likely as firms without employee ownership to disappear in this period, compared both to all other public companies and to a closely matched sample without employee ownership. While employee ownership is associated with higher productivity, the greater survival rate of these companies is not explained by higher productivity, financial strength, or compensation flexibility. Rather, the higher survival is linked to their greater employment stability, suggesting that employee ownership companies may provide greater employment security as part of an effort to build a more cooperative culture, which can increase employee commitment, training, and willingness to make adjustments when economic difficulties occur. These results indicate that employee ownership may have an important role to play in increasing job and income security, and decreasing levels of unemployment. Given the fundamental importance of these issues for economic well being, further research on the role of employee ownership would be especially valuable.

Details

Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-114-9

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