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Abstract

Subject area

International business – sell-off and joint venture.

Study level/applicability

This case is suitable for graduation and post graduation (BBA, MBA) and other management programs. The courses include multinational business environment and strategic management

Case overview

A significant increase in the Asian electronics business has created a global platform for international vendors and customers. Indeed, Chinese and Korean firms have become the foremost manufacturing and fabrication nucleus for electronic supplies in the world economy. In fact, it is an example of success from Asian emerging markets. This case presents the strategies of Asian rivals in the electronics business that shows both Bolipps and Canssonic redesigning and restructuring global tactics for long-term sustainable success in the given market. It also discusses the reasons behind their current mode of business and post-deal issues.

Expected learning outcomes

The case describes a way to impart managerial and leadership strategies from regular business operations happening in and around the world. Solely it focuses on designing inorganic choices such as sell-offs, joint ventures, shuffle and merging strategies through theory to application.

Supplementary materials

Teaching notes are available for educators only. Please contact your library to gain login details or email support@emeraldinsight.com to request teaching notes.

Content available

Abstract

Details

International Journal of Law and Management, vol. 57 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-243X

Article
Publication date: 31 May 2013

K. Srinivasa Reddy, Vinay Kumar Nangia and Rajat Agrawal

It is worth mentioning that mergers and acquisitions (M&As) have become a popular vehicle for emerging‐markets firms to rapidly access new opportunities and market…

1330

Abstract

Purpose

It is worth mentioning that mergers and acquisitions (M&As) have become a popular vehicle for emerging‐markets firms to rapidly access new opportunities and market capabilities. Indeed, privatization and multi‐nationalization have given a greater shore up in raising global and domestic merger deals. Motivated by these factors, the purpose of this paper is to investigate “do mergers produce abnormal returns around the announcement; conversely, do they improve financial performance in the long‐run?”

Design/methodology/approach

The study applies earnings management approach (event study) to compute average abnormal returns (AAR) around the merger announcement for select Indian M&A cases. Further, accounting ratios are considered to assess the long‐run financial performance. Thereafter, t‐stat is applied for testing the proposed hypotheses. In particular, it has performed a later test to the means of financial ratios and variables for both services and manufacturing sectors in accounting ratios and cylinder models, respectively.

Findings

The select Indian M&A cases show superior performance during the post‐merger period for both manufacturing and services sectors, and observe a balance sheet improvement in the long‐run.

Research limitations/implications

Sample is one of the limitations to the study. Due to small sample of merger cases, this paper has limited scope to generalize the results. Hence, academic researchers may employ the suggested assessment (cylinder)‐models on a large sample.

Practical implications

The research work would help financial analysts, stockbrokers, M&A advisory and regulatory bodies while designing takeover and open offer policies.

Originality/value

This is an original contribution, which has developed new assessment (cylinder)‐models to examine the post‐merger long‐run financial performance of acquiring firms, especially sector‐wise evaluation.

Article
Publication date: 30 August 2013

K. Srinivasa Reddy, Rajat Agrawal and Vinay Kumar Nangia

Does target firm shareholders excessively paid or adequately rewarded or stumpy compensated? To address this query, the study aims to remix valuation parameters for better…

1467

Abstract

Purpose

Does target firm shareholders excessively paid or adequately rewarded or stumpy compensated? To address this query, the study aims to remix valuation parameters for better combination of mixture so that it represents fair deal value in merger and acquisition (M&A) negotiation process. The purpose of the study is to redesign the existing valuation methods, craft new models and compare them to suggest perceptive guidelines for “valuation governance”.

Design/methodology/approach

This research reconstructs discounted cash flows (DCF) and net asset valuations (NAV), originate NRR‐APB approach, MCF‐RS and MCF‐ES and finally compare all seven methods for each select company in the respective industry/sector. Exclusively, estimating the forecasting hurdle rate (FHR) is a core competence of valuation process.

Findings

Among the valuation models, all seven methods for select companies have been reported diverse values, however NRR‐APB approach describe factual enterprise value for bargaining the value of target firm in structuring M&A deals.

Research limitations/implications

Due to petite sample, study has limited scope to validate the proposed conceptual models for valuation governance. Particularly, models have developed under the Indian accounting regulations, standards and reporting mechanism. Though, it can be practiced in other accounting standards on trail and error basis.

Practical implications

Valuation practitioners, governments, consultants, M&A advisory, market research and academia may implement these business valuation techniques, guidelines and implications in particular sector/industry to protect the interest of target firm shareholders and justify the consistent value for acquirer/bidding firm. Accordingly, stakeholders' interest could also be sheltered.

Originality/value

The paper intends to introduce NRR‐APB approach, MCF‐RS and MCF‐ES, reengineering DCF and NAV and compare these valuation methods on three companies each in select two industries, auto ancillary and hotels and resorts. Further, it would be adding a token of contribution to the notable area corporate finance. Hence, this article is the first study to argue on valuation governance and recommend state to enact immediately in India.

Details

International Journal of Commerce and Management, vol. 23 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1056-9219

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 May 2015

Rakesh Arrawatia, Arun Misra and Varun Dawar

The study aims to investigate the relationship between competition and efficiency. Using bank-level data for Indian banks, relationship between competition and efficiency…

1342

Abstract

Purpose

The study aims to investigate the relationship between competition and efficiency. Using bank-level data for Indian banks, relationship between competition and efficiency is examined by applying the Granger causality test for the period 1996 to 2011.

Design/methodology/approach

Lerner Index is a measure of market power and is applied for estimation of competition. Data envelopment analysis technique is applied for measuring efficiency in the Indian banking system along with the Granger causality test to look at the relationship between competition and efficiency.

Findings

Results show an increasing trend for competition for the period 1996 to 2004, and after that there is fall in competitive levels. Granger causality tests show that competition positively effects efficiency and vice-versa.

Practical implications

This study gives an insight into the relationship between competition and efficiency, thus providing an alternative view to the structure–conduct–performance paradigm. An efficient banking system can positively impact the growth of an economy and, hence, competition and efficiency are important decision parameters for regulators and could help them in decision-making and policy formulation.

Originality/value

This study has covered more than 90 per cent of the banking assets for looking at competition and efficiency in the banking sector. Policymakers can try to improve competitive levels in banking so as to improve efficiency in the banking sector which can further help in developing the investment-savings cycle.

Details

International Journal of Law and Management, vol. 57 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-243X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 May 2015

Saibal Ghosh

This paper aims to examine the impact of macroprudential policies (MPPs) on credit growth. Towards this end, the author uses quarterly data on Indian commercial banks for…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the impact of macroprudential policies (MPPs) on credit growth. Towards this end, the author uses quarterly data on Indian commercial banks for the period 2002:1 to 2012:1 that subsume the imposition of MPPs.

Design/methodology/approach

The analysis uses the dynamic panel data (DPD) methodology to test the relevant hypotheses regarding the interlinkage between credit growth, bank ownership and MPPs. The DPD methodology has the advantage of being able to address the endogeneity between credit growth and macroprudential regulation.

Findings

The results appear to suggest that MPPs targeted on provisions are relatively more effective in limiting credit expansion. When considered in conjunction with bank ownership, they appear to have much more force in moderating the severity of the credit cycle.

Research limitations/implications

The lack of an extensive database on the relevant variables might hinder the robustness of the results. It is possible that MPPs are effective in curbing loan extension to targeted sectors, which cannot be adequately examined using aggregate loan data.

Practical implications

The role and usefulness of MPPs in limiting the build-up of risk has been widely discussed in recent times. Judged from that standpoint, the paper contributes to this literature by examining the issue for a leading emerging economy.

Originality/value

To the best of the author’s knowledge, this is one of the earliest studies to examine this issue in a systematic manner for India.

Details

International Journal of Law and Management, vol. 57 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-243X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 May 2015

Kenneth I Ajibo

This paper aims to argue that the Nigerian banking industry needs to adopt a risk-based regulation as a future regulatory model in the industry. The frequent distress and…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to argue that the Nigerian banking industry needs to adopt a risk-based regulation as a future regulatory model in the industry. The frequent distress and failures in the industry have shown that reliance on recapitalisation and on credit rating information by the supervisors and investors to determine the health of the financial institutions is less than satisfactory. This is more so when agency ratings suffer accountability deficits.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper posits that while the regulation of the credit ratings is necessary for institutional accountability, it is never a substitute for oversight functions and due diligence exercise for both the supervisors and investors in the industry. This exploratory research paper is structured to cover the origin of banking regulation in Nigeria, the recapitalised efforts by the regulators, the problem with the agency ratings and why the future of Nigerian banking regulation should be risk-based.

Findings

This research paper posits that while reliance on recapitalisation strategy and agency rating publications is relevant in banks, the future of Nigerian banking regulation should be risk-based.

Originality/value

The Nigerian banking industry should develop effective risk-management structures in line with the international regulatory framework.

Details

International Journal of Law and Management, vol. 57 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-243X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 May 2015

Eva Ka Yee Kan and Mahmood Bagheri

This paper aims to explain the importance of the international cooperation and coordination among supervisory authorities of different countries in event of banking…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explain the importance of the international cooperation and coordination among supervisory authorities of different countries in event of banking crises. It also suggests that the harmonious relationship has to be attained in the adoption of ex ante financial regulatory measures and ex post compensation schemes. In other words, the paper highlights the linkage between ex ante preventive regulatory measures and ex post compensation schemes, on the one hand, and cooperation among national regulatory and supervisory authorities in globalized financial markets. Although the paper is relevant to most developed and emerging financial markets, it chooses Hong Kong as a context to examine this proposal. In the current literature, there are no similar approach linking these two paradigms and examining them in an integrated context.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper adopts a conceptual framework after the 2008 global financial crisis and takes Hong Kong, an international financial centre in which numerous branches or subsidiaries of foreign financial institutions locate, as an example to examine how the coordination with foreign supervisory authorities are being conducted and to analyse whether the present regulatory framework in Hong Kong is effective and sufficient against banking crises. Through the review of the literature, the important link between ex ante regulatory measures and ex post compensation schemes is found to be significant in adopting proper solutions.

Findings

Through analysing the Hong Kong financial regulators’ reports on the collapse of Lehman Brother, the paper finds out that even though there is some weakness in the cooperation and coordination between regulators after the 2008 financial crisis, Hong Kong is still in the progress of proposing bank special resolution regime. Although there has been some awareness on the issue of coordination between home and host states regulatory measures, there is still a lack of awareness of the connection between regulatory measures and compensation schemes.

Research limitations/implications

Conflict of interests could hardly be prevented in the course of cooperation and coordination among home and host regulatory authorities, and the coordination of the important link between ex ante regulatory measures and ex post compensation scheme which involves legal and economic analyses is a challenging task.

Practical implications

The paper’s findings show that there are practical implications for the recent rapid development of special resolution regime for global systematically important financial institutions against future banking crises and for managing the balance between the adoption of financial supervisory laws and special resolution measures.

Originality/value

This paper suggests that the harmonious coordination between ex ante regulatory measures and ex post compensation schemes has to be achieved through international context to avoid the absurd situations. This conceptual integrated framework presented in the current paper is not touched upon by the existing literature. This important concept is valuable for future research, and it is significant to financial regulators, legislators and the government in adjusting policy against banking crises in both developed and developing countries.

Details

International Journal of Law and Management, vol. 57 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-243X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 March 2015

K. Srinivasa Reddy

The purpose of this paper is to examine the underpricing of initial public offers (IPOs), which were announced by Indian firms for the period 2007 through 2009. It is…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the underpricing of initial public offers (IPOs), which were announced by Indian firms for the period 2007 through 2009. It is motivated by the fact that a well-developed capital market is a function of economic growth and a reflection of the financial system. Thus, this study investigates aftermarket pricing performance of IPOs during the recent global financial crisis.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper studies the underpricing of 133 IPOs in three groups, namely, house-full collections, short-run and long-run periods. To do so, it uses event study method to observe underpricing, which is examined in various window periods. Further, industry- and year-wise offers are analyzed and interpreted. Accordingly, hypotheses are being developed and tested through a static “analysis of variance”.

Findings

The study explores that post-listing IPOs assure positive returns in the short run, but they tend to plunge and become negative in the long run. In particular, highest returns have been observed in the first week of post-listing.

Research limitations/implications

Limitations include, the study does not compute market-adjusted returns to find abnormal performance of stocks, and does not apply regression statistic to examine the factors that affect underpricing.

Practical implications

Eventually, conclusions are drawn from India–international results, and thus it would add some new insights on investor perspectives (e.g. price signalling) to the existing IPOs literature, especially from Asian markets context.

Originality/value

This paper is an original research that examines the underpricing of Indian IPOs during the recent financial crisis, particularly in three groups: house-full collections, short-run and long-run periods.

Details

International Journal of Commerce and Management, vol. 25 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1056-9219

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 2016

Ritika Mahajan, Rajat Agrawal, Vinay Sharma and Vinay Nangia

The purpose of this paper is to identify challenges for management education in India and explain their nature, significance and interrelations using total interpretive…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify challenges for management education in India and explain their nature, significance and interrelations using total interpretive structural modelling (TISM), an innovative version of Warfield’s interpretive structural modelling (ISM).

Design/methodology/approach

The challenges have been drawn from literature and validated by an empirical study conducted through questionnaires administered electronically and personally to 250 management graduates. TISM has been applied to 14 finalised factors.

Findings

All the identified factors, except accreditation, were found to be important. Ineffective regulatory bodies and ineffective leadership emerged as the biggest roadblocks. Several significant interrelations were found which were sometimes not revealed by plain observation.

Originality/value

The existing literature has discussed the challenges for management education but not their interrelations. This paper uses TISM to demonstrate the relationships between different challenges and to explain the logic behind the relationships. The results would be useful for the owners (or managers) of management institutes faced with the same challenges.

Details

Quality Assurance in Education, vol. 24 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0968-4883

Keywords

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