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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2010

Ven Sriram and Tigineh Mersha

Entrepreneurship is lauded as an engine of economic development and job creation, with SMEs often creating most of the new jobs in many countries. This paper identifies some…

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Abstract

Entrepreneurship is lauded as an engine of economic development and job creation, with SMEs often creating most of the new jobs in many countries. This paper identifies some important factors that contribute to the start‐up and success of new business ventures in Africa, emphasizing that while personality factors such individual drive and competency and availability of resources are important for the successful launch of a new business venture, effective government policy is also critical in promoting successful entrepreneurial initiatives. Survey data collected showed that most African entrepreneurs believe that they have the requisite passion, energy, and determination needed to start and manage new businesses. However, they are constrained by scarcity of adequate start‐up capital, stiff competition, lack of employees with the right skills, and difficulty in finding adequate facilities to start their business. Building on this research and earlier work, the paper discusses the crucial role that African governments can play to stimulate and nurture entrepreneurial endeavours. While the findings and recommendations in this paper are based on the study of Ethiopian and Ghanaian entrepreneurs, they have applicability in several African countries. The actual implementation of the proposed recommendations will of course need to be adapted to suit the special circumstances prevailing in each country.

Details

World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 6 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-5961

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1993

Ven Sriram and Andrew M. Forman

As anecdotal evidence mounts that concerns over the environmentalfriendliness of products are heightening worldwide, there is a need toassess the importance of a product′s…

946

Abstract

As anecdotal evidence mounts that concerns over the environmental friendliness of products are heightening worldwide, there is a need to assess the importance of a product′s environmental attributes relative to its other attributes in consumers′ product choice decisions. Assesses and compares the trade‐offs among product attributes that American and Dutch consumers are willing to make for the sake of the environment, across three product categories. Survey research was conducted that examined attitudes regarding environmental protection and consumer choice criteria. Results suggest, based on conjoint analysis, that there are noteworthy differences between Americans and Dutch in how they value a product′s environmental attributes.

Details

International Marketing Review, vol. 10 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

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Article
Publication date: 7 November 2008

Michael A. Anikeeff and Ven Sriram

Construction and development firms are going through major reorganizations in trying to define a profitable structure – including deciding whether to include construction…

3503

Abstract

Purpose

Construction and development firms are going through major reorganizations in trying to define a profitable structure – including deciding whether to include construction operations as part of the firm or to outsource it. This paper aims to analyze the relationship between firm size, construction management strategy and performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper reviews relevant strategic management literature and reports the results of an empirical survey research study of 80 US real estate developers.

Findings

The results showed that there was no significant performance difference between firms that performed construction activities in‐house as opposed to those that outsourced it. However, the impact of construction strategy on performance may occur through its effect on size and size was negatively associated with performance. In addition, among the smaller firms, the ones that outsourced construction outperformed those that did construction in‐house.

Research limitations/implications

The results are in line with the findings of similar studies from other industries. In order to add to the generalizability of these findings, future studies should include larger samples and non‐US firms.

Originality/value

The study links the general strategic management literature to organizational issues of construction and development firms. Findings suggest that the scale of operation of the industry is such that even large development firms have too small a market share to take advantage of vertical integration of construction.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. 15 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1995

Snehamay Banerjee and Ven Sriram

As the use of inter‐organizational information systems such aselectronic data interchange (EDI) increases, it becomes important todetermine what impact, if any, their adoption has…

1781

Abstract

As the use of inter‐organizational information systems such as electronic data interchange (EDI) increases, it becomes important to determine what impact, if any, their adoption has on different functions of an organization. Since the purchasing function is among one of the most affected by EDI adoption, a survey of purchasing managers was conducted to assess the extent of EDI′s impact on purchasing. The results, based on 122 EDI users, indicate that increasing the percentage of purchasing transactions using EDI permits more automation but some of these benefits may not be fully realized due to some associated inefficiencies. However, those organizations that have encouraged their vendors to use EDI appear to have significantly improved organizational efficiencies. These organizations also did not perceive any significant organizational changes due to EDI adoption. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 15 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

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Article
Publication date: 2 March 2012

Kelly D. Harper and Ven Sriram

The purpose of this paper is to share the perspective of CEO and Vice Chairman of Hexaware Technologies, P.R. Chandrasekar, while exploring the question, “Does South Asia matter?”

482

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to share the perspective of CEO and Vice Chairman of Hexaware Technologies, P.R. Chandrasekar, while exploring the question, “Does South Asia matter?”

Design/methodology/approach

The paper followed an interview format and utilized P.R. Chandrasekar's responses to guide and inform the discussion on South Asia.

Findings

This paper found that South Asia does matter, and always has.

Originality/value

This paper offers the perspective of a CEO of a multinational corporation with global experience and vast knowledge of the South Asian region. His first‐hand experiences add much value to the discussion on South Asia.

Details

South Asian Journal of Global Business Research, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2045-4457

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Article
Publication date: 7 January 2014

Anthony Patino, Velitchka D. Kaltcheva, Dennis Pitta, Ven Sriram and Robert D. Winsor

The purpose of this paper is to examine the importance consumers place on various types of socially responsible marketing practices, and whether the level of importance varies by…

4609

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the importance consumers place on various types of socially responsible marketing practices, and whether the level of importance varies by gender, race, and consumers' income.

Design/methodology/approach

A survey was designed that asked subjects their attitudes toward the various social marketing practices that were uncovered through an analysis of recent literature from ABI-Inform, Fordham University's Center for Positive Marketing and focus groups. The survey was administered to 232 subjects and included information regarding race, gender, and income. Survey results were analyzed using latent class analysis (LCA). The results of the LCA were used to develop a correspondence analysis map.

Findings

The results confirm the importance of key demographic factors (income, gender, and race) in understanding consumers' perceptions of socially responsible marketing.

Research limitations/implications

One limitation is that the sample was collected in Baltimore, Maryland and not entirely representative of the population of the USA. Another limitation is that consumers’ perceptions of socially responsible marketing are only captured at one point in time rather than showing the evolution of a belief.

Practical implications

Marketers need to target their messages carefully if they are promoting socially responsible marketing as a differentiating factor. Understanding how each demographic group responds to these socially responsible marketing messages can assist managers in their promotional efforts.

Originality/value

Limited research has been completed that segments the market with regards to socially responsible marketing options. The research explores these segments by surveying active consumers.

Details

Journal of Consumer Marketing, vol. 31 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0736-3761

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Article
Publication date: 19 June 2007

Ven Sriram, Tigineh Mersha and Lanny Herron

Successful new venture creation may be one solution to many of the economic problems that affect the mostly minority populations that live in US inner cities. This paper sets out…

4043

Abstract

Purpose

Successful new venture creation may be one solution to many of the economic problems that affect the mostly minority populations that live in US inner cities. This paper sets out to develop a model and a set of research questions that may help increase understanding of African‐American entrepreneurship.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper provides an integrated review of the literature from the USA and Europe pertaining to minority entrepreneurial behavior and achievement. It identifies challenges faced by African‐American urban entrepreneurs and suggests a set of interventions that can enhance entrepreneurial success in the inner cities. The paper then poses a set of research questions with a particular focus on African‐Americans and presents an integrative model that can serve as a framework to examine these questions.

Findings

The model posits that motivation and skills drive entrepreneurial behavior and that availability of resources has a moderating effect on both entrepreneurial behavior and achievement. In addition to explaining entrepreneurship in general, the proposed model also suggests that specific variables may work differently for different subcultures.

Practical implications

If this model is supported by empirical evidence, it will have significant implications for formulating appropriate interventions that would enable the successful start‐up and management of new business ventures in different subcultures. It will be of value to cities in the USA, Europe and elsewhere that have large minority populations, and can better inform programs that impart entrepreneurial skills and training.

Originality/value

This paper adds to the growing literature that recognizes that the drivers of entrepreneurial pursuit are frequently embedded in culture. While this has been studied cross‐nationally, few studies examine this aspect within a heterogeneous society.

Details

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, vol. 13 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2554

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1999

Peter G. Graham

Business, management, workers and governments are responding to global imperatives. These imperatives include marketing. The origins of global marketing lie in exporting. Presents…

6803

Abstract

Business, management, workers and governments are responding to global imperatives. These imperatives include marketing. The origins of global marketing lie in exporting. Presents and analyses data relating to small businesses in Australia which currently export or which plan to export. Thirty‐five per cent of small businesses which consider it feasible to export have no plans to do so. The reasons for this export rejection are analysed. Other critical factors such as motivation to export; source of expert advice; and problems experienced with developing export markets are also reported and analysed. Provides recommendations as to how to increase the participation rate of small business in the growing global economy.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 33 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 17 August 2012

131

Abstract

Details

South Asian Journal of Global Business Research, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2045-4457

Article
Publication date: 6 November 2017

Kevin K. Jones, Richard L. Baskerville, Ram S. Sriram and Balasubramaniam Ramesh

The purpose of this study is to show how the presence of change caused a shift in the roles and responsibilities of the internal audit function (IAF).

1202

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to show how the presence of change caused a shift in the roles and responsibilities of the internal audit function (IAF).

Design/methodology/approach

The methodological design/approach was constructed by combining specific aspects of widely known management accounting and organizational change frameworks. The theoretical premise was based on the old institutional economics component of institutional theory. As such, this study used the case study method to examine and analyze the impact of this change in eight specific organizations using the new two-tiered organizational change framework.

Findings

This new framework analyzes the multidimensional facets of organizational change in the IAF. From the findings, it was observed that the change can be evolutionary, episodic, continuous and/or teleological, and people, organisms and organizations that are subject to it will react or respond to that change in a myriad of ways.

Practical implications

Moreover, the implications of change can be environmental, socioeconomic and political.

Originality/value

This study makes an intellectual contribution by introducing a new two-tiered organizational change framework to explain the IAF’s response to the environmental change factor of regulation.

Details

Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change, vol. 13 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1832-5912

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