Search results

1 – 10 of 24
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 14 August 2017

Valentina Lazzarotti, Lars Bengtsson, Raffaella Manzini, Luisa Pellegrini and Pierluigi Rippa

Focusing on some relevant constructs defined by the open innovation (OI) literature (i.e. determinants of openness; openness choices operationalized in terms of…

Downloads
1259

Abstract

Purpose

Focusing on some relevant constructs defined by the open innovation (OI) literature (i.e. determinants of openness; openness choices operationalized in terms of collaboration depth with scientific and business partners; organizational and social context; innovation performance in terms of novelty and efficiency), this paper investigates the relationships among such constructs. More specifically, the purpose of this paper is to empirically analyse two types of relationships: between some contextual factors and firms’ openness choices; and among openness choices, a set of organizational-managerial and social factors, and OI performance outcomes.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors carried out a theory testing survey, involving four European countries (Finland, Italy, Sweden and the UK). The authors applied descriptive statistics and a series of regressions.

Findings

The authors analysed the impact exerted by external and internal variables on the collaboration depth with scientific and business partners: technological trends are relevant to move firms towards external collaborations, with both types of partners; efficiency goals pursued in collaborations are related to the collaboration depth with both types of partners, while an aggressive innovation strategy is positively related only to scientific-partner depth. Besides, collaboration depths with both partners are positively related to the both sides of innovation performance (i.e. novelty and efficiency), but the organizational-managerial and social contexts emerge as relevant mediator variables. Organizational-managerial and external relational social capital exert a beneficial role on the both types of innovation performance, while internal relational social capital benefits only novelty.

Research limitations/implications

The work shows important limitations such as the low level of the explanatory values in the regression models. Therefore, the results must be considered as preliminary explorative insights that may be useful to encourage further studies.

Practical implications

This work serves to raise managers’ awareness on the opportunity of developing organizational-managerial mechanisms, as well as on the importance of social capital to profit from collaborations.

Originality/value

Although during the last decade many researchers have claimed that we are in the era of OI, empirical works, which provide both a more comprehensive and detailed understanding of the phenomenon, are still few. Moreover, the specific action of the context (managerial, organizational and social) as possible mediator of the performance outcomes of openness is empirically under-studied. The authors’ work attempts to fulfil these gaps.

Details

European Journal of Innovation Management, vol. 20 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1460-1060

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 20 November 2019

Davide Aloini, Valentina Lazzarotti, Luisa Pellegrini and Pierluigi Zerbino

The role of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and digital platforms in enabling connectivity and collaboration among actors is neglected when dealing with…

Abstract

Purpose

The role of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and digital platforms in enabling connectivity and collaboration among actors is neglected when dealing with outbound open innovation (OI). Moreover, the outbound OI process is not currently defined in a univocal way. Thus, this paper aims to outline the outbound OI phases and to explore role and capabilities of ICTs in supporting it.

Design/methodology/approach

Through a literature review approach, the authors specified the outbound OI process. Hence, the authors leveraged the similarities between the knowledge management process phases and the outbound OI phases for developing a conceptual framework that could match the outbound OI phases with acknowledged categories of ICT tools.

Findings

Through a process-view, the authors outlined outbound OI as a three-phase process. The authors developed a matrix-shaped framework in which the columns represent the three outbound OI process phases, while the rows are three ICT categories that could be suitable for supporting the outbound OI process.

Practical implications

The framework is designed to guide a deep understanding of how ICTs could support specific phases of the outbound OI process. In so doing, it could be useful for software developers interested in the preliminary design of an ICT platform for outbound OI.

Originality/value

The conceptual framework proposal as follows: specifies a detailed, process-oriented definition of the outbound OI; allows to identify the main ICT categories supporting the phases of the outbound OI process; and provides guidance for further exploration about the role of ICT in outbound OI.

Details

Measuring Business Excellence, vol. 24 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1368-3047

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 30 July 2019

Rafaela Gjergji, Valentina Lazzarotti, Federico Visconti and Teresa García-Marco

The purpose of this study is threefold: first, to provide a comprehensive and systemized literature review on open innovation (OI) in family firms; second, to identify the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is threefold: first, to provide a comprehensive and systemized literature review on open innovation (OI) in family firms; second, to identify the antecedent of family firms’ heterogeneity (i.e. governance structure, goals and resources) and to outline how they affect OI behavior; and third, to propose potential avenues for further research.

Design/methodology/approach

The study consists of a systematic literature review and analyses the findings of 36 papers on OI and family firms.

Findings

Based on the results of the reviewed papers, authors show how family firms’ specific characteristics/factors strictly related to their governance structure, goals and resources affect OI behavior. Furthermore, the authors highlight also that adoption of different mechanisms/strategies can be useful to family firms to overcome OI barriers. Finally, discussion and avenues for further research are presented.

Practical implications

This review can be useful to family business managers, directors and/or external consultants to better understand family-specific characteristics to support family businesses in opening up their boundaries to external partners.

Originality/value

To the best knowledge, this is the first systematic review on OI and family firms that attempt to identify all family-specific characteristics/factors, known as the antecedent of heterogeneity that affects family firm OI behavior. The authors believe that it could represent an important guide for future research on this topic.

Objetivo

El objetivo de este estudio es triple. Primero, proporcionar una revisión bibliográfica exhaustiva y sistematizada sobre la innovación abierta en las empresas familiares; en segundo lugar, identificar los antecedentes de la heterogeneidad de las empresas familiares (es decir, estructura de gobierno, objetivos y recursos) y describir cómo afectan al comportamiento de innovación abierta; en tercer lugar, proponer posibles vías para futuras investigaciones.

Diseño/metodología

El estudio consiste en una revisión sistemática de la literatura y analiza los hallazgos de 36 artículos sobre innovación abierta y empresas familiares.

Resultados

Sobre la base de los resultados de los artículos revisados, los autores muestran cómo las características/factores específicos de las empresas familiares estrictamente relacionados con su estructura de gobierno, objetivos y recursos afectan al comportamiento de innovación abierta. Además, los autores destacan también que la adopción de diferentes mecanismos/estrategias puede ser útil para las empresas familiares para superar las barreras de innovación abierta. Finalmente, se presentan la discusión y las vías para futuras investigaciones.

Implicaciones prácticas

Esta revisión puede ser útil para los gerentes, directores y/o consultores externos de empresas familiares para alcanzar una mayor comprensión de las características específicas de la familia que ayude a las empresas familiares a abrir sus límites a socios externos.

Originalidad/valor

Según nuestro conocimiento, esta es la primera revisión sistemática sobre innovación abierta y empresas familiares que intenta identificar todas las características/factores específicos de la familia, conocidos como antecedentes de heterogeneidad, que afectan al comportamiento de innovación abierta de la empresa familiar. Los autores creen que podría representar una guía importante para investigaciones futuras sobre el tema.

Palabras clave

Innovación abierta, empresas familiares revisión sistemática de la literatura, antecedentes de heterogeneidad, características/ factores específicos de las empresas familiares

Tipo de artículo

Artículo de investigación

Objetivo

O objetivo deste estudo é triplo. Primeiro, fornecer uma revisão abrangente e sistematizada da literatura sobre inovação aberta em empresas familiares; segundo, identificar os antecedentes da heterogeneidade das empresas familiares (i.e. estrutura de governança, objetivos e recursos) e descrever como esses antecedentes afetam o comportamento de inovação aberta; em terceiro lugar, propor possíveis caminhos para futuras pesquisas.

Desenho/metodologia

O estudo consiste em uma revisão sistemática da literatura e analisa os resultados de 36 artigos sobre inovação aberta e empresas familiares.

Resultados

Com base nos resultados dos artigos revisados, os autores mostram como as características/fatores específicos das empresas familiares estritamente relacionados à sua estrutura de governança, objetivos e recursos, afetam o seu comportamento de inovação aberta. Além disso, os autores também enfatizam que a adoção de diferentes mecanismos/estratégias pode ser útil para as empresas familiares superarem as barreiras à inovação aberta. Finalmente, se apresentam a discussão dos resultados e os caminhos para pesquisas futuras.

Implicações práticas

Esta revisão pode ser útil para gerentes, diretores e/ou consultores externos de empresas familiares a fim de obter um melhor entendimento das características específicas da família, que ajude às empresas familiares a abrir suas fronteiras aos parceiros externos.

Originalidade/valor

Segundo nosso conhecimento, esta é a primeira revisão sistemática sobre inovação aberta e empresas familiares que tenta identificar todas as características/fatores familiares específicos, conhecidos como antecedentes da heterogeneidade, que afetam o comportamento de inovação aberta da empresa familiar. Os autores entendem que isso pode representar um importante guia para pesquisas futuras sobre esse tema.

Palavras-chave

Inovação aberta, empresas familiares, revisão sistemática da literatura, antecedentes de heterogeneidade, características/fatores específicos das empresas familiares

Tipo de artigo

Revisión de literatura

Details

Management Research: Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management, vol. 17 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1536-5433

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 10 July 2017

Davide Aloini, Valentina Lazzarotti, Raffaella Manzini and Luisa Pellegrini

Intellectual property protection mechanisms (IPPMs) include a variety of methods suitable for protecting valuable intangible assets of companies, and it is of great…

Downloads
1405

Abstract

Purpose

Intellectual property protection mechanisms (IPPMs) include a variety of methods suitable for protecting valuable intangible assets of companies, and it is of great relevance to study how companies use these mechanisms to ensure the appropriability of innovation, in a context in which innovation is increasingly open. Indeed, there is a tension between the aim to share knowledge with external partners and the need to protect valuable know-how. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship among the use of IPPMs, open innovation (OI), and the innovation performance of companies.

Design/methodology/approach

The study is based upon a survey conducted on 477 firms from Finland, Italy, Sweden, and UK in 2012.

Findings

The study shows that IPPMs have an indirect impact on innovation performance, mediated by the degree of openness. More precisely, IPPMs positively influence the level of openness, which, in turn, positively influences the innovation performance.

Originality/value

The empirical analysis contributes on two issues widely debated in the literature: the impact of IPPMs on innovation performance and the role of IPPMs as enablers or disablers of OI.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 55 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 9 October 2017

Davide Aloini, Giulia Farina, Valentina Lazzarotti and Luisa Pellegrini

The aim of this paper is to develop the conceptual design of an information and communication technologies (ICT) platform supporting the inbound open innovation (OI…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to develop the conceptual design of an information and communication technologies (ICT) platform supporting the inbound open innovation (OI) process within the technological developments business unit of Leonardo Defence Systems.

Design/methodology/approach

After a preliminary phase concerning the context analysis, methodology includes three main steps: conceptualization of functions; preliminary design; and conceptual design of the system/SW architecture. In each of these phases, the authors tried to merge evidence from the scientific literature with empirical insight emerging from the field.

Findings

Results report the conceptual design proposal for an integrated ICT platform supporting the OI. It includes the conceptualization of main functions, the preliminary design deriving from use cases and the proposal for the overall system architecture and data model.

Research limitations/implications

The research focuses only on the conceptual design phase; at this stage, the platform has not been still implemented or tested. Also, generalizability concerns may arise from the single-application context.

Practical implications

The outcoming conceptual design can be useful for firms that open their boundaries to external partners, as well as for software developers which could draw on it. Firms approaching similar OI challenges can re-contextualize the platform to their own setting.

Originality/value

Originality of this research relies on the attempt to show how ICT can support firms in their OI processes and, secondly, to support firms aiming to create a positive environment that encourages people at leveraging existing external technological opportunities and sources of knowledge. In so doing, a systematic design approach to the definition of the conceptual proposal is also pursued.

Details

Journal of Knowledge Management, vol. 21 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1367-3270

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 9 May 2019

Paula Anzola-Román, Cristina Bayona-Sáez, Teresa García-Marco and Valentina Lazzarotti

This paper aims to advance the understanding regarding the profiting of collaborative innovation practices, focusing particularly on how the intensity of collaboration…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to advance the understanding regarding the profiting of collaborative innovation practices, focusing particularly on how the intensity of collaboration along the innovation process and the relatedness between the partners’ technological bases affect the outcomes of such process in terms of efficiency and generation of technological innovations.

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing on the results from causal models and the estimation of average marginal effects, this research analyses the direct and joint effect of technological proximity and intensity of collaboration in the early and late phases of the process.

Findings

The findings suggest that there is a positive unconditional relationship between the aforementioned aspects and innovative performance and that the joint effects diverge depending on the stage of the process, i.e. while in the early phase collaborating intensely with close partners seems to be advisable, this circumstance proves to be problematic in the late phase of the innovation process.

Originality/value

The analysis developed provides clarity regarding relevant aspects of collaborative innovation practices, particularly, the search for and selection of optimal partners. In general terms, the evidence found here suggests seeking for collaborating intensely along the whole process with partners whose technological bases present a tight matchup with that of the focal firm. Results also call for awareness of the potential drawbacks derived from intense collaborations with close partners in the late phases of the process, thus hinting toward the convenience of developing protection mechanisms. In addition, this work provides interesting insights that challenge the notion of “proximity paradox” and set out further questions that might be worth considering for future research.

Details

Journal of Knowledge Management, vol. 23 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1367-3270

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Business Process Management Journal, vol. 23 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-7154

Abstract

Details

Management Decision, vol. 55 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 17 August 2015

Davide Aloini, Luisa Pellegrini, Valentina Lazzarotti and Raffaella Manzini

The purpose of this study is to shed further light on determinants of the openness degree to give a more conclusive evidence to the research in the field. In particular…

Downloads
1394

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to shed further light on determinants of the openness degree to give a more conclusive evidence to the research in the field. In particular, the influence exerted by the technological strategy is still debated, in that evidence on the relationship between the technological strategy and openness is conflicting.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors put forward a structural equation model which enriches the state-of-the-art literature by explicitly testing the interplay among technological strategy, openness (innovatively measured in terms of partner intensity, phase intensity and variety in terms of partners, phases and contents) and innovation performance. Our study relies on data from 415 firms based on a research survey developed in Finland, Italy and Sweden.

Findings

Findings show that openness, if measured in terms of partner intensity and phase intensity, fully mediates the relationship between technological strategy and innovation performance, by suggesting that the effectiveness of a firm’s technologically aggressive behavior is strongly related to the intensification of collaboration with the partners along the innovation funnel. Conversely, openness variety seems to play an opposite role and is influenced differently by partner and phase intensity. This result likely emphasizes how the cost-side of open behavior becomes harder to manage, and thus costly, when it involves too many different types of partners, phases and contents.

Practical implications

Firms that adopt a technologically aggressive strategy are recommended to deeply open their innovation process to foster innovation performance. However, because of the fact that a high level of openness variety could generate some drawbacks, managers should be very careful in the management of different phases, sources and content. Therefore, what clearly emerges is a call to find adequate strategies for effectively managing the collaboration process to avoid the waste of resources and initiatives.

Originality/value

Originality and the value of the paper reside in a more fine-grained definition of the openness concept, which takes into consideration other facets of openness compared to those usually analyzed in the literature, and a powerful statistical model, such as structural equation modeling, offering great advantages and flexibility in matching the theoretical model with the data.

Details

Measuring Business Excellence, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1368-3047

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 11 March 2014

Giacomo Di Foggia and Valentina Lazzarotti

The aim of this paper is to analyse the role and scope of revenue management and its impact on performance of Italian tourism industry. The paper takes into consideration

Downloads
1337

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to analyse the role and scope of revenue management and its impact on performance of Italian tourism industry. The paper takes into consideration exogenous factors that may enable or prevent business success. Prior research shed light from different lens.

Design/methodology/approach

Research design relies on an empirical analysis, information is gathered using a web survey. Variables are grouped into dependent (performance related items), independent and dummy, consistent with findings of existing literature. A questionnaire was e-mailed to a range of companies according to their NACE Rev.2 codes. The conceptual model is developed considering prior analysis of the literature.

Findings

This study provides new insights for practical business management operating in the tourism industry. Indeed, it clarifies the role of the revenue manager and shows its usefulness within SMEs.

Research limitations/implications

This study was conducted in only one sector and one country (Italy) and considered only SMEs.

Originality/value

Although interesting suggestions can be drawn by literature, to the best knowledge of the authors the empirical analysis is one of the few attempts to explore the topic in Italy in an extensive way.

Details

Measuring Business Excellence, vol. 18 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1368-3047

Keywords

1 – 10 of 24