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Article
Publication date: 30 July 2019

Zhizhou Wu, Yiming Zhang, Guishan Tan and Jia Hu

Traffic density is one of the most important parameters to consider in the traffic operation field. Owing to limited data sources, traditional methods cannot extract…

Abstract

Purpose

Traffic density is one of the most important parameters to consider in the traffic operation field. Owing to limited data sources, traditional methods cannot extract traffic density directly. In the vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) environment, the vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) interaction technologies create better conditions for collecting the whole time-space and refined traffic data, which provides a new approach to solving this problem.

Design/methodology/approach

On that basis, a real-time traffic density extraction method has been proposed, including lane density, segment density and network density. Meanwhile, using SUMO and OMNet++ as traffic simulator and network simulator, respectively, the Veins framework as middleware and the two-way coupling VANET simulation platform was constructed.

Findings

Based on the simulation platform, a simulated intersection in Shanghai was developed to investigate the adaptability of the model.

Originality/value

Most research studies use separate simulation methods, importing trace data obtained by using from the simulation software to the communication simulation software. In this paper, the tight coupling simulation method is applied. Using real-time data and history data, the research focuses on the establishment and validation of the traffic density extraction model.

Details

Journal of Intelligent and Connected Vehicles, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2399-9802

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2020

Chandramohan D., Ankur Dumka, Dhilipkumar V. and Jayakumar Loganathan

This paper aims to predict the traffic and helps to find a solution. Unpredictable traffic leads more vehicles on the road. The result of which is one of the factors that…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to predict the traffic and helps to find a solution. Unpredictable traffic leads more vehicles on the road. The result of which is one of the factors that aggravate traffic congestion. Traffic congestion occurs when the available transport resources are less when compared to the number of vehicles that share the resource. As the number of vehicles increases the resources become scarce and congestion is more.

Design/methodology/approach

The population of the urban areas keeps increasing as the people move toward the cities in search of jobs and a better lifestyle. This leads to an increase in the number of vehicles on the road. However, the transport network, which is accessible to the citizens is less when compared to their demand.

Findings

The demand for resources is higher than the actual capacity of the roads and the streets. There are some circumstances, which will aggravate traffic congestion. The circumstances can be the road condition (pot holes and road repair), accidents and some natural calamities.

Originality/value

There is a lot of research being done to predict the traffic and model it to find a solution, which will make the condition better. However, still, it is an open issue. The accuracy of the predictions done is less.

Details

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, vol. 17 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1742-7371

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Article
Publication date: 28 March 2018

Ali Mohammed Mansoor, Adel Mohammed Sarea and Aznul Qalid Md Sabri

The vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is an emerging area for smart cities as observed in last few decades. However, some hurdles for VANET exist that need to be resolved…

Abstract

Purpose

The vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is an emerging area for smart cities as observed in last few decades. However, some hurdles for VANET exist that need to be resolved before its full implementation in smart cities. Routing is one of the main factors for having effective communication between smart vehicles that urgently needs to be addressed. One factor that affects communication between the vehicles is the intersection points that obstruct the communication. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

The conventional routing schemes fail to address the intersection problems that occur during the two points of communication. Therefore, this paper analyses the performance of existing position-based routing protocol for inter-vehicle ad hoc networks, considering the impact of a number of intersections. This simulation evaluates different position-based routing protocols such as Intersection-based Distance and Traffic-Aware Routing (IDTAR), Greedy Traffic-Aware Routing, Anchor-based Street and Traffic-Aware Routing and Geographic Source Routing, based on road topology and the number of intersections.

Findings

As a result, the protocol IDTAR has a lower end-to-end delay and high packet delivery ratio in terms of the number of intersections as a case study of smart cities. This concludes that IDTAR can be adaptive to smart cities communication, although some questions need to be considered in terms of its security, compatibility, reliability and robustness.

Practical implications

The role of VANET has been highlighted in smart cities due to its implications in day-to-day life. The vehicles in VANET are equipped with wireless communication nodes to provide network connectivity. Such types of network operate without the legacy infrastructure, as well as legacy client/servers.

Originality/value

Additionally, the study contributes to smart cities by measuring the performance of position-based routing protocols for VANETs.

Details

World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 14 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-5961

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Article
Publication date: 18 March 2021

Ravi Kumar D.N.S. and Barani S.

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new data dissemination model in order to improve the performance of transmission in VANET. It proposes a protocol named…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new data dissemination model in order to improve the performance of transmission in VANET. It proposes a protocol named Epidemic and Transmission-Segment-based Geographic Routing (ETSGR) and outlining the issues due to high mobility of nodes and uncertain physical topologies in the network. The proposed ETSGR is mainly used to analyze the vehicle state, direction, distance, traffic density and link quality of the network.

Design/methodology/approach

This research work based on ETSGR protocol mainly uses epidemic algorithm in order to find the vehicle state based on susceptible, infected and recovered (SIR) model. Furthermore, the vehicle position and finding the head node in the network is utilized using the transmission segment protocol based on geographic routing and analyses each node to form the segments and find the destination to transmit the data in timely manner.

Findings

The paper provides the enhancement of the performance based on some metrics such as end-to-end delay that obtained 0.62%, data throughput as 32.3%, packet delivery ratio as 67% and one-hop communication as 13%. The proposed ETSGR protocol analyzes the state of the vehicle correctly and each node segmented to transmit the data with the timely manner and obtaining reliable performance even with high mobility of nodes in the network.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed ETSGR protocol may have some limitation when considering the timing which should improve even in increasing many number of vehicles and different road segments.

Practical implications

This paper includes some suggestions for the practical deployment of the approach in which a real-time traffic analysis can be evaluated for taking prior actions during an emergency situation and proper dissemination of data in timely manner can help utilize the guidance of proper planning of roads.

Originality/value

This research fulfills an enhanced protocol to improve the performance of data dissemination.

Details

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, vol. 14 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-378X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 28 March 2018

Oussama Senouci, Zibouda Aliouat and Saad Harous

This paper is a review of a number routing protocols in the internet of vehicles (IoV). IoV emphasizes information interaction among humans, vehicles and a roadside unit…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper is a review of a number routing protocols in the internet of vehicles (IoV). IoV emphasizes information interaction among humans, vehicles and a roadside unit (RSU), within which routing is one of the most important steps in IoV network.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, the authors have summarized different research data on routing protocols in the IoV. Several routing protocols for IoV have been proposed in the literature. Their classification is made according to some criteria such as topology-based, position-based, transmission strategy and network structure. This paper focuses on the transmission strategy criteria. There exist three types of protocols that are based on this strategy: unicast protocol, broadcast protocols and multicast protocols. This later type is classified into two subclasses: geocast and cluster-based protocols. The taxonomy of the transmission strategy is presented in this study. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each type with a general comparison between the five types.

Findings

The authors can deduce that many challenges are encountered when designing routing protocols for IoV.

Originality/value

A simple and well-explained presentation of the functioning of the IoV is provided with a comparison among each categories of protocols is well presented along with the advantages and disadvantages of each type. The authors examined the main problems encountered during the design of IoV routing protocol, such as the quick change of topology, the frequent disconnection, the big volume of data to be processed and stored in the IoV, and the problem of network fragmentation. This work explores, compares existing routing protocols in IoV and provides a critical analysis. For that, the authors extract the challenges and propose future perspectives for each categories of protocols.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 39 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

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Article
Publication date: 25 June 2019

Habibeh Zeraati, Lila Rajabion, Homa Molavi and Nima Jafari Navimipour

This research specifies the factors impacting on the success of supply chain management (SCM) systems in the organizations. This paper aims to assess the effect of…

Abstract

Purpose

This research specifies the factors impacting on the success of supply chain management (SCM) systems in the organizations. This paper aims to assess the effect of knowledge sharing, the vehicular ad hoc network (VANET), radio frequency identification technology (RFID) and near field communications (NFC) and the social capabilities of information technology (IT) and information and communication technology (ICT)on the success of the SCM systems and the simplification of the SCM challenges and other factors affecting its success.

Design/methodology/approach

A questionnaire is designed for measuring the elements of the proposed model. The questionnaires are revised by experts with experiences in SCM. For statistical analysis, SPSS 24.0 and SMART- PLS (partial least squares) 3.2.6 software package are used. The structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis procedure is conducted in two stages. The reliability analysis and confirmatory factor for analyzing the dimensions and items are included in the first stage. The second stage involves evaluating the assumptions through the SEM.

Findings

The results have depicted that four variables (knowledge sharing, VANET, RFID and NFC, and the social capabilities of using IT) affect the success of SCM systems.

Originality/value

This research specifies the factors impacting on the success of SCM in the organizations. These technologies aid companies in improving their performance in the SCM and facilitating coherence and collaboration.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 49 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 6 November 2017

Sushil Kumar and Anil Kumar Verma

The purpose of this paper is to give an insight in to the routing protocols in Vehicular ad hoc Network (VANET). In this direction, for the efficient data dissemination in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to give an insight in to the routing protocols in Vehicular ad hoc Network (VANET). In this direction, for the efficient data dissemination in VANETs, a street-based forwarding protocol (SBFP) has been proposed.

Design/methodology/approach

The interferences among different street segments are considered and a unique street-based forwarding concept is introduced to reduce the local maximum problem. In this protocol, the greedy forwarding concept along with the broadcasting mechanism and suppression technique is implemented to minimize the overhead created in the regular beacons forwarding processes. QualNet simulator is used to implement and simulate SBFP. SUMO and MOVE tools are used to create the vehicle’s movement pattern and network topology.

Findings

The simulated results demonstrated improved packet delivery ratio (PDR) with a minimum average number of broadcast by each individual vehicle in the proposed SBFP than in its peer protocols.

Originality/value

This paper will be discussing a unique street-based forwarding technique exploring the advantages of global positioning system to obtain the location of vehicles and streets. This technique results in higher PDR and reduced network overhead.

Details

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, vol. 13 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1742-7371

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 17 July 2020

Sengathir Janakiraman

An Improved Rank Criterion-based NLOS node Detection Mechanism (IRC-NLOS-DM) is proposed based on the benefits of a reputation model for effective localization of NLOS…

Abstract

Purpose

An Improved Rank Criterion-based NLOS node Detection Mechanism (IRC-NLOS-DM) is proposed based on the benefits of a reputation model for effective localization of NLOS nodes during the dynamic exchange of emergency messages in critical situations.

Design/methodology/approach

This proposed IRC-NLOS-DM scheme derives the benefits of a reputation model that influentially localizes the NLOS nodes under dynamic exchange of emergency messages. This proposed IRC-NLOS-DM scheme is an attempt to resolve the issues with the routing protocols that aids in warning message delivery of vehicles that are facing NLOS situations with the influence of channel contention and broadcast storm. It is developed for increasing the warning packet delivery rate with minimized overhead, delay and channel utilization.

Findings

The simulation results of the proposed IRC-NLOS-DM scheme confirmed the excellence of the proposed IRC-NLOS-DM over the existing works investigated based on the channel utilization rate, neighborhood prediction rate and emergency message forwarding rate.

Practical implications

It is proposed for reliable warning message delivery in Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) which is referred as the specialized category of mobile ad hoc network application that influences Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and wireless communications. It is proposed for implementing vehicle safety applications for constructing a least cluttered and a secure environment on the road.

Originality/value

It is contributed as a significant mechanism for facilitating reliable dissemination of emergency messages between the vehicular nodes, which is essential in the critical environment to facilitate a risk-free environment. It also aids in creating a reliable environment for accurate localization of Non-Line of Sight (NLOS) nodes that intentionally introduces the issues of broadcasting storm and channel congestion during the process of emergency message exchanges.

Details

International Journal of Intelligent Unmanned Systems, vol. 9 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2049-6427

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 4 December 2018

Daxin Tian, Weiqiang Gong, Wenhao Liu, Xuting Duan, Yukai Zhu, Chao Liu and Xin Li

This paper aims to introduce vehicular network platform, routing and broadcasting methods and vehicular positioning enhancement technology, which are three aspects of the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to introduce vehicular network platform, routing and broadcasting methods and vehicular positioning enhancement technology, which are three aspects of the applications of intelligent computing in vehicular networks. From this paper, the role of intelligent algorithm in the field of transportation and the vehicular networks can be understood.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, the authors introduce three different methods in three layers of vehicle networking, which are data cleaning based on machine learning, routing algorithm based on epidemic model and cooperative localization algorithm based on the connect vehicles.

Findings

In Section 2, a novel classification-based framework is proposed to efficiently assess the data quality and screen out the abnormal vehicles in database. In Section 3, the authors can find when traffic conditions varied from free flow to congestion, the number of message copies increased dramatically and the reachability also improved. The error of vehicle positioning is reduced by 35.39% based on the CV-IMM-EKF in Section 4. Finally, it can be concluded that the intelligent computing in the vehicle network system is effective, and it will improve the development of the car networking system.

Originality/value

This paper reviews the research of intelligent algorithms in three related areas of vehicle networking. In the field of vehicle networking, these research results are conducive to promoting data processing and algorithm optimization, and it may lay the foundation for the new methods.

Details

Journal of Intelligent and Connected Vehicles, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2399-9802

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Article
Publication date: 17 October 2018

Mamata Rath and Binod Pattanayak

With the development of emerging engineering technology and industrialization, there are greater changes in the life style of people in smart urban cities; therefore…

Abstract

Purpose

With the development of emerging engineering technology and industrialization, there are greater changes in the life style of people in smart urban cities; therefore, there is also more chance of various health problems in urban areas. The life style of persons in metro urban areas with the expansive volume of population is similarly influenced by different application and administration frameworks. These are affecting the human health system up to an extended extent and there are more health-related issues and health hazard concerns that can be identified in urban areas. The purpose of this paper is to present an analytical study on various aspects of the smart health care system in a smart perspective by analyzing them with respect to emerging engineering technologies such as mobile network, cloud computing, Internet of Things (IoT), big data analytics and ubiquitous computing. This paper also carries out a detailed survey of health issues and improved solutions in automated systems using these technologies. Second, the paper also presents a novel health care system using smart and safe ambulances and their appropriate control at traffic points with safety and security features in a smart city, so that the valuable life of patients can be saved in time by immediate treatment in nearest hospital or health care units.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, an analytical survey was conducted for improvement in the health care sector using computer technology and IoT-based various modern health care applications. An idea of Smart Health Care Hospital using sensors, mobile agent smart vehicle configuration and safety traffic control for ambulance was proposed.

Findings

A simulation was carried out to see the performance of a safety mechanism in the proposed approach. Comparative analysis was carried out with other approaches to know the execution time, response time and probable delay due to the implementation of this approach.

Originality/value

It is an original research work with motivation inspired from current emergent technology to apply in the health care system.

Details

International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-4902

Keywords

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