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Introduces the notion of a dynamic expert system. Shows that by restarting a static expert system periodically it is possible to cope with dynamic environments. This quasi‐static approach to dynamics is suitable if the environment is changing slowly enough in comparison with the inference engine operation and the user reaction time. Implementation of this scheme in “pure” shell meets no difficulties. However, in practice some problems may occur due to the side‐effects in rules and attached procedures. These problems and their relation to classical AI issues are considered in detail. The system was applied to the task of seismology forecast, which contains dynamical factors of both a precise and a heuristic nature. The resulting dynamic expert system never stops, occasionally interrogating the user if it suspects that some of the previously entered data are obsolete. In this sense the computer system behaves as a “live creature”.
An analysis of the productions and rules in the way they are used in artificial intelligence systems is presented. The proposed new definition for productions refers to a…
An analysis of the productions and rules in the way they are used in artificial intelligence systems is presented. The proposed new definition for productions refers to a large number of types of productions which may be found in the literature on AI systems. This definition emphasizes in the most general way those production components which are important both for theory and for practice and which for some reasons remained unnoticed by many researchers. These components are implemented in a theoretical formalism which concludes the paper.
Attempts to characterise some aspects of the new wave of reaction‐diffusion and ant based computation, and to discuss their place in the class of fully distributed…
Attempts to characterise some aspects of the new wave of reaction‐diffusion and ant based computation, and to discuss their place in the class of fully distributed load‐balancing algorithms that solve the dynamic load‐balancing problem of communication networks. The main question of the paper states: what are the advantages of the intellectualisation of the control agents and what are the costs of smartness? We start our investigation with random walk techniques and the electricity paradigm, carry on with the reaction‐diffusion approach, and finish the construction of the computational hierarchy with the ant paradigm and smart agents.
The purpose of this paper is to propose a general method to simplify the structure of fuzzy controllers' rule base using integrated methodology for reducing the number of…
The purpose of this paper is to propose a general method to simplify the structure of fuzzy controllers' rule base using integrated methodology for reducing the number of fuzzy rules based on modelling and simulation.
The paper considers the problem of developing effective methods and algorithms for optimization of fuzzy rules bases of Sugeno‐type fuzzy controllers that can be applied to control of dynamic objects, including objects with non‐stationary parameters. The proposed approach based on calculating the impact of each of the rule on the formation of control signals for different types of input signals provides optimization of a linguistic rules database by using exclusion mechanism for rules with negligible influence. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is investigated using a fuzzy PID controller for control of a non‐stationary object of second order.
In this paper, the authors argued that different aggregation models can be used for structural optimization of fuzzy controllers and not all the rules are actually required in the fuzzy controllers' rule base. Eliminating some of the rules does not necessarily lead to a significant change in the fuzzy controller's output. The proposed integrated approach based on combination of different kinds of reference input signals for fuzzy controllers modelling and simulation is able to provide guidelines to the users which rules are required and which can be eliminated. The results obtained from the case studies demonstrate that the proposed integrated approach is able to reduce the number of rules required and, at the same time, to have the desired values of quality control indices.
In order to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach, only control object of second order with PID fuzzy controller of Sugeno‐type is chosen. Future studies can advance this research by applying the proposed approach in different types of fuzzy systems.
The proposed integrated approach is able to simplify the structural optimization methodology and make it possible to be implemented in real processes of the fuzzy controllers' design.
The value of the current paper is on the proposal of an integrated approach for rule reduction to enhance the practical use of modelling and simulation in a design of fuzzy controllers.