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Article
Publication date: 9 October 2017

Trevor Green, Stephen Swailes and Janet Handley

The purpose of this paper is to emphasise the importance for the practicing ethnographer of responding to unforeseen events that occur during periods of data collection.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to emphasise the importance for the practicing ethnographer of responding to unforeseen events that occur during periods of data collection.

Design/methodology/approach

An analysis of four unforeseen events occurring during prolonged periods of study amongst workplace cleaners is undertaken and the changes in researcher acceptance resulting from the outcomes of these events are reported.

Findings

This paper shows how awareness of the possible incidence of unforeseen events and the ability to carefully yet spontaneously manage the ethnographer’s reaction to them can substantially influence the degree of acceptance achieved by the observer within the group under study.

Originality/value

Though the need for an ethnographer to get close to the participants in a study is well documented, detailed examples as described in this paper are rare. The documentation of the nature and effects of such episodes and how they unfold serve to enhance the credibility of the research.

Details

Journal of Organizational Ethnography, vol. 6 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2046-6749

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Public-Private Partnerships, Capital Infrastructure Project Investments and Infrastructure Finance
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-654-9

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Book part
Publication date: 21 June 2014

Christos Kollias and Stephanos Papadamou

Terrorist events are unforeseen and have the potential to shake and rattle markets and investors. The purpose of this study is to examine whether major terrorist incidents…

Abstract

Purpose

Terrorist events are unforeseen and have the potential to shake and rattle markets and investors. The purpose of this study is to examine whether major terrorist incidents have affected the Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI) in four European countries.

Methodology/approach

An index is constructed that weights the severity of each event and then used to evaluate through the use of vector autoregressive and impulse response analysis estimation techniques whether or not and to what extent the ESI has been affected.

Findings

Effects were more pronounced and evident in the case of France and Germany while the ESI in Spain and Great Britain did not appear to be particularly affected by terrorist incidents.

Research limitations/implications

The effects of terrorism on economic sentiment in other countries will provide additional evidence that will allow more robust and conclusive statistical inferences.

Originality/value of the chapter

The impact of terrorist activity on the ESI for the four European countries studied here has not been examined before using VAR and impulse response analysis.

Details

Understanding Terrorism
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-828-0

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Article
Publication date: 22 June 2010

Sampo Tukiainen, Kirsi Aaltonen and Mervi Murtonen

The purpose of this paper is to examine the sensemaking processes leading to project managers' responses to an unexpected event in an international project setting. High…

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1078

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the sensemaking processes leading to project managers' responses to an unexpected event in an international project setting. High uncertainty and unexpected events are prevalent in international projects conducted in challenging and complex environments. The paper analyzes how an unexpected event and the ways to cope with it were made sense of by a Finnish and a Chinese project manager in a system supplier's delivery project in China.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper builds on a qualitative case study of the two project managers' sensemaking processes in the face of a single unexpected event. Narrative interviews were used as the method for data collection. The actantial framework by Greimas was used in analyzing the interview narratives.

Findings

The paper shows how the project managers' sensemaking processes, even within the same project management team, are highly subjective, leading to the coexistence of multiple, and highly divergent responses to the unexpected event. The paper also highlights how these sensemaking processes create the coexistence of multiple, divergent systems of project structures and boundaries for coping with the unexpected event.

Originality/value

While the existing project management literature has distinguished various tactics used by project managers for responding to unexpected events, of lesser attention have been the actual sensemaking processes underlying and producing these responses. The paper especially stresses how the sensemaking processes between project managers coming from culturally different backgrounds can yield highly contrasting interpretations and responses to the same event.

Details

International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, vol. 3 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8378

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 14 September 2010

Kirsi Aaltonen, Jaakko Kujala, Päivi Lehtonen and Inkeri Ruuska

While earlier literature has focused on the management tactics of unexpected events, this paper employs an inter‐organizational network perspective to the study of…

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1972

Abstract

Purpose

While earlier literature has focused on the management tactics of unexpected events, this paper employs an inter‐organizational network perspective to the study of unexpected events in international projects. The paper aims to illustrate how a focal project's local stakeholder relationships are associated with the emergence and management of unexpected events in the context of international projects.

Design/methodology/approach

A qualitative, multiple case study of three international projects conducted in challenging institutional environments.

Findings

The findings of this paper reveal the different mechanisms through which the local stakeholder relationships affect the emergence and management of unexpected events in international projects. Owing to differences in the amount and quality of local stakeholder relationships, the management, nature and number of unexpected events that are encountered differ from project to project. The findings of this paper reveal a paradox – both the existence of and the lack of local stakeholder relationships with salient actors may generate unexpected events in international projects. Based on the findings, two types of unexpected events related to local stakeholder relationships were identified: unexpected events that were due to misunderstandings, and diverging practices, processes, values and norms of the focal project organization and the local stakeholders; and unexpected events that emerged due to the challenges in the establishment of direct and indirect relationships with salient external local stakeholders. Furthermore, the results demonstrate how local stakeholder relationships can be utilized in dealing with and managing the unexpected events that are encountered.

Originality/value

Stakeholders are a significant source of unexpected events. Limited research attention has been directed at how the local stakeholder relationships affect the project's behavior and interior processes. The research advances project stakeholder research and uncertainty management research both theoretically and empirically.

Details

International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, vol. 3 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8378

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Article
Publication date: 24 June 2020

Maria Cristina Arcuri, Lorenzo Gai, Federica Ielasi and Elisabetta Ventisette

The paper aims to analyze the impact of cyber attacks on stock returns of companies operating in the hospitality sector. The fast development of information and…

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to analyze the impact of cyber attacks on stock returns of companies operating in the hospitality sector. The fast development of information and communication technologies has been posited as both an opportunity and a challenge to the United Nations Global Sustainable Development Goals. Digital technologies are significant tools for sustainable development, but if they are not addressed appropriately, they can potentially hinder the progress toward sustainability. Among negative impacts, it is necessary to consider cyber risk, a major concern today, in particular for industries which work with sensitive data, such as tourism businesses. Hospitality businesses have to adequately manage cyber insecurity and digital privacy issues, to prevent losses and contribute to socioeconomic sustainable growth.

Design/methodology/approach

Using event-study methodology, the paper provides empirical evidence on the effect of announcements of 170 information security breaches on the market value of firms operating in the hospitality sector in the past five years.

Findings

The study focuses on identifying potential threats of cyber attacks for the economic value of listed companies. The authors find that negative market returns occur following announcements of cyber attacks suffered by hospitality companies. Adequate investments in technology for cyber security and staff training are relevant in the hospitality sector to reduce cyber risk.

Originality/value

The paper contributes to identifying potential threats of cyber attacks for the economic value of listed companies operating in the hospitality sector. The analysis is carried out by collecting an original sample of global cyber attacks from newspaper announcements sourced from the LexisNexis database.

论酒店业的网络攻击:股票市场的反应

研究目的

信息通讯技术的快速发展, 对UN全球可持续发展战略目标带来机遇和挑战。电子技术对可持续发展起到重要作用, 但是如果它们未被合理使用, 则对可持续性构成潜在威胁。在众多负面影响中, 网络攻击不可忽视, 成为现今重大担忧, 尤其是对于处理敏感数据的行业, 比如旅游产业。酒店业必须具备管理网络安全和处理电子隐私的能力, 以防止损失, 对社会经济可持续增长做出贡献。

研究设计/方法/途径

本论文分析酒店业内因网络攻击而遭受股票的影响。借用事件分析法, 本论文研究了近五年来, 170项信息安全泄露消息对酒店市场价值的影响。

研究结果

本论文主要确立了上市公司因网络攻击而受到的经济价值影响。我们发现, 酒店公司在宣布网络攻击后, 其市场收益受到负面影响。充足的网络安全技术投入和人员培训与酒店减少网络攻击有一定的联系。

研究原创性/价值

本论文分析了酒店业中上市公司因网络攻击而带来的潜在经济价值的损失。研究分析样本来自Lexis Nexis数据库中的全球网络攻击的新闻报道。

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, vol. 11 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9880

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Article
Publication date: 2 December 2020

Haitham A. Haloush, Ahmad Abed Alla Alhusban and Ali Abdel Mahdi Massadeh

This paper aims to highlight how the prevention principle may affect the rights and responsibilities of contractors under Jordanian law. In many instances, the application…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to highlight how the prevention principle may affect the rights and responsibilities of contractors under Jordanian law. In many instances, the application of legal theories and terminology of the Jordanian civil code (JCC), such as penalty clauses and produces a similar result to that under common law, such as prevention principle, and even if in some cases the route by which the result is reached differs.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is based upon library research on primary and secondary sources. The author adopted the interpretive paradigm with its underlying subjectivist assumption. This paradigm creates different meanings and therefore different realities. This is particularly evident when studying legal notions, such as parties’ autonomy and decennial liability, from a comparative law perspective.

Findings

In many instances, the application of legal theories and terminology of the JCC, such as penalty clauses and produces a similar result to that under common law, such as the prevention principle, and even if in some cases the route by which the result is reached differs. However, it is difficult for judges and lawyers in Jordan to understand the legal principles of certain terms in the common law. This requires, to a certain extent, an understanding of the legal terms and concepts, particularly those originated from English law. For example, a thorough grasp of the prevention principle in Jordanian law remains unclear. Apparently, this can be met by training and capacity building sessions.

Originality/value

As far as the author is aware, this issue has not been researched comprehensively before from technical and legal standpoints. This paper represents the first attempt to examine the issues arising in this difficult and important subject.

Details

International Journal of Law and Management, vol. 63 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-243X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1993

Hamzah Abdul‐Rahman

A description of failure events during construction illustrates the urgent need to emphasize the management of quality in civil engineering projects. During the…

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1827

Abstract

A description of failure events during construction illustrates the urgent need to emphasize the management of quality in civil engineering projects. During the construction of a civil engineering project, cost control techniques are used to monitor cost trends and to detect cost deviations in order to control project cost. However, this technique does not reveal the cause of any failure. The nature and collection of failure costs have been part of quality costing. Hypothetical illustrations show how failure costs can be extracted during construction using a matrix. Quality cost information can be used to supplement cost control techniques for cost control purposes and in identifying weaknesses within a system.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 10 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

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Article
Publication date: 4 December 2017

Melanie E. Kreye

Servitization increases the uncertainty exposure of provider firms due to the operational differences between services and production which is further increased when…

Abstract

Purpose

Servitization increases the uncertainty exposure of provider firms due to the operational differences between services and production which is further increased when operations are set in triads. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the uncertainty exposure in servitized triads and explore suitable organisational responses.

Design/methodology/approach

A conceptual frame is defined detailing three uncertainty types (environmental, organisational and relational uncertainty) and suitable organisational responses to these. This frame guided the analysis of in-depth case evidence from a cross-national servitized triad in a European-North African set-up which was collected through 29 semi-structured interviews and secondary data.

Findings

The empirical study identified the existence of the three uncertainty types and directional knock-on effects between them. Specifically, environmental uncertainty created organisational uncertainty which in turn created relational uncertainty. The uncertainty types were reduced through targeted organisational responses where formal relational governance reduced environmental uncertainty, service capabilities reduced organisational uncertainty and informal relational governance reduced relational uncertainty. The knock-on effects were reduced through organisational and relational responses.

Originality/value

This paper makes two contributions. First, a structured analysis of the uncertainty exposure in servitized triads is presented which shows the existence of three individual uncertainty types and the knock-on effects between them. Second, organisational responses to reduce the three uncertainty types individually and the knock-on effects between them are presented.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 37 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Agricultural Markets
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-44482-481-3

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