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Article
Publication date: 14 July 2021

Sivaraj Chinnasamy, Vignesh E. and Mikhail Sheremet

The study aims to investigate magnetohydrodynamics thermal convection energy transference and entropy production in an open chamber saturated with ferrofluid having an…

Abstract

Purpose

The study aims to investigate magnetohydrodynamics thermal convection energy transference and entropy production in an open chamber saturated with ferrofluid having an isothermal solid block.

Design/methodology/approach

Analysis of thermal convection phenomenon was performed for an open chamber saturated with a nanofluid having an isothermal solid unit placed inside the cavity with various aspect ratios. The left border temperature is kept at Tc. An external cooled nanofluid of fixed temperature Tc penetrates into the domain from the right open border. The nanofluid circulation is Newtonian, incompressible, and laminar. The uniform magnetic field of strength B at the tilted angle of γ is applied. The finite volume technique is used to work out the non-linear equations of liquid motion and energy transport. For Rayleigh number (Ra=1e+7), numerical simulations were executed for varying the solid volume fractions of the nanofluid (ϕ = 0.01–0.04), the aspect ratios of a solid body (As = 0.25–4), the Hartmann number (Ha = 0–100), the magnetic influence inclination angle (γ = 0–π/2) and the non-dimensional temperature drop (Ω = 0.001–0.1) on the liquid motion, heat transference and entropy production.

Findings

Numerical outcomes are demonstrated by using isolines of temperature and stream function, profiles of mean Nusselt number and entropy generations. The results indicate that the entropy generation rate and mean Nu can be decreased with an increase in Ha. The inner solid block of As = 0.25 reflects the maximum heat transfer rate in comparison with other considered blocks. The addition of nano-sized particles results in a growth of energy transport and mean entropy generations.

Originality/value

An efficient computational technique has been developed to solve natural convection problem for an open chamber. The originality of this research is to scrutinize the convective transport and entropy production in an open domain with inner body. The outcomes would benefit scientists and engineers to become familiar with the investigation of convective energy transference and entropy generation in open chambers with inner bodies, and the way to predict the energy transference strength in the advanced engineering systems.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 7 August 2017

Carollyne Youssef

While there is general agreement in the literature regarding the importance of the therapeutic alliance (TA) in psychological interventions with people, the forensic…

Abstract

Purpose

While there is general agreement in the literature regarding the importance of the therapeutic alliance (TA) in psychological interventions with people, the forensic context raises some unique challenges. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how these challenges are managed within a therapeutic context.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper consists of a literature review examining the following: the significance of the TA in interventions with forensic clients, especially men who have committed a sexual offence and the impact on treatment efficacy and change; therapist characteristics as well as some of the obstacles and challenges present in a correctional setting, which can impact on the TA and; the role of transference and countertransference in relation to these forensic clients.

Findings

Through the literature review, there is a discussion regarding how some of the common obstacles within correctional settings can be overcome, and how certain therapist qualities should be interpreted.

Originality/value

This paper will discuss some of the practical applications of certain recommended therapeutic factors within a correctional setting, challenging some of the common misconceptions and limitations. Furthermore, transference and countertransference, topics which are seldom discussed, will be considered in this paper.

Details

Journal of Criminal Psychology, vol. 7 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2009-3829

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Article
Publication date: 27 March 2009

Darin W. White, Lucretia Goddard and Nick Wilbur

The purpose of this paper is to test empirically the impact of negative information about a celebrity spokesperson on consumers' perceptions of the endorsed brand. In…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to test empirically the impact of negative information about a celebrity spokesperson on consumers' perceptions of the endorsed brand. In addition, it is the first study to examine the reverse relationship: the impact of negative information about the brand on the celebrity endorser.

Design/methodology/approach

A two‐group, post‐test‐only, randomized experimental design was utilized to test the hypotheses. Data were collected by a survey of 247 college students.

Findings

The results of an experiment indicate that when respondents are exposed to negative information about a celebrity endorser, a negative transference of affect in the endorsement relationship will occur. However, when the situation is reversed and the respondents are exposed to negative information about the brand, the transference of affect is mitigated.

Research limitations/implications

The present study provides a starting‐point for further research on negative information transference in the celebrity endorsement relationship.

Practical implications

It is crucial that retailers be aware of the risks associated with using celebrities to endorse their stores and products. Given that these results provide tentative support for the commonly held belief that a decline in the celebrity's image can impact the image of the brand, it is important that retailers carefully choose an endorser who currently has a good image and will likely be able to uphold this image in the future.

Originality/value

The paper introduces and empirically examines one explanation of how negative information may impact the celebrity advertising process.

Details

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, vol. 37 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-0552

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Article
Publication date: 6 April 2021

Bruno Fernandes Abrantes, Miguel Torres Preto and Nelson António

This paper aims to explore the characteristics of capability exchange within internationalizing small and medium enterprises (SMEs) of the Portuguese metallurgic and…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the characteristics of capability exchange within internationalizing small and medium enterprises (SMEs) of the Portuguese metallurgic and metal-mechanic sectors.

Design/methodology/approach

Multiple case research instrumentalizes a (manifest) content analysis based upon qualitative data gathered from the interviewing of the strategic apex of four multinational enterprises, codified in the light of the well-known Weber protocol.

Findings

The results uncover the existence of a multi-diffusional approach with a bi-directional regime of transferability, where reciprocal transference is non-simultaneous. Operational rigidities are asserted to be stifling the diffusion of capabilities across subsidiaries and hindering higher economies of learning.

Research limitations/implications

The current paradigm of international capabilization of the sector requires substantial enhancements in its design for the benefit of the firm’s international competitiveness, growth and wealth.

Originality/value

Organizational capabilities are a determinant of competitiveness. Hitherto, the phenomena of (capabilities) mobility and transferability are still acknowledged as a clear gap. This study opens, therefore, avenues on international capabilization in relation to the modeling and testing of global dynamic capabilities and its replicability across industries.

Details

Review of International Business and Strategy, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-6014

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Book part
Publication date: 21 December 2010

Victor Lidz

Chapter X of The Social System is often cited as the “charter” for the specialty field of medical sociology. A notable feature of its analysis is the argument that the…

Abstract

Chapter X of The Social System is often cited as the “charter” for the specialty field of medical sociology. A notable feature of its analysis is the argument that the physician is an agent of social control in relation to the patient. This argument grounds the application to medical practice of Parsons’ general conception that social control is an aspect of all social relationships. Parsons started by addressing the situation of a patient who assumes the sick role and then becomes the patient of a physician. The sick role involves a suspension of at least some of the performance expectations associated with a person's everyday social life, such as expectations of working productively at one's job, attending the meeting of a civic association, or caring for one's family members. But in assuming the sick role, an individual encounters new expectations that he or she should try to get well. For minor illnesses this may involve only resting, drinking fluids, and avoiding stress. For more serious illnesses, given our culture's valuation of scientific medicine, it typically involves placing oneself in the care of a physician. It then becomes the physician's duty to offer treatment and guidance to restore one's health and enable one to return to meet expectations of everyday roles. Thus the physician becomes an agent of social control.

Details

Social Control: Informal, Legal and Medical
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-346-1

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1996

Sanjeev Agarwal and Sameer Sikri

Investigates the transferability of country images from well‐known products to new product categories. States that analysis of data indicates that consumers’ perceptions…

Abstract

Investigates the transferability of country images from well‐known products to new product categories. States that analysis of data indicates that consumers’ perceptions of new products from a given country are related to the image they hold for well‐known products from that country. Further, the extent of transferability of beliefs is moderated by the extent of perceived similarity between the well‐known and the new product categories.

Details

International Marketing Review, vol. 13 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1998

Gilles Arnaud

Questions the circumstances under which consultants should consider the interpretation of unconscious material as part of their mission, and the forms that these…

Abstract

Questions the circumstances under which consultants should consider the interpretation of unconscious material as part of their mission, and the forms that these interpretations should take. Following the approach taken by Abraham Zaleznik, suggests that it may be necessary to reflect upon the analysis of requests from clients for consultancy or for auditing. Seeks to review the issue of client‐request analysis from a psychoanalytic perspective and, in particular, from the angle of the tripartition of Lacanian analysis: that of need, demand and desire.

Details

Journal of Managerial Psychology, vol. 13 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-3946

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1992

David J. Burns

A study to determine whether consumers develop their images ofsmall little‐known retailers from the images of the anchor(s) of theshopping complexes in which they are…

Abstract

A study to determine whether consumers develop their images of small little‐known retailers from the images of the anchor(s) of the shopping complexes in which they are located. Results suggest that image transference does exist in the conveyance of an image to a small, little‐known retailer. It appears that the images assigned to such retailers in shopping complexes by consumers are determined, at least in part, by the images assigned to the anchor(s) of that centre.

Details

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, vol. 20 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-0552

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Article
Publication date: 29 August 2008

Cheryl A. Lapp and Adrian N. Carr

To show the reader that storytelling can be seen as a form of seduction based on emotional response and thereby preventing a change process within the organisation.

Abstract

Purpose

To show the reader that storytelling can be seen as a form of seduction based on emotional response and thereby preventing a change process within the organisation.

Design/methodology/approach

Case study in relation to a psychoanalytic approach to text as a place for emotional control.

Findings

Storytelling without psychodynamic analysis becomes easily storyselling.

Research limitations/implications

Text is seen as carrier of emotions that can be corrected through psychodynamics which implies that there remains hope for enlightment by the text.

Practical implications

Every form of storytelling is a form of addressing an audience that needs to be made aware of the psychodynamics of the text as part of the author.

Originality/value

The worst stories that are sold are those we sell best to ourselves.

Details

Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 21 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0953-4814

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2006

Jaebeom Suh, Swinder Janda and Sunhee Seo

The purpose of this study is to explore how customers from different cultures develop trust with service providers to uncover underlying dimensions of trust development…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to explore how customers from different cultures develop trust with service providers to uncover underlying dimensions of trust development for customers from different cultures.

Design/methodology/approach

This study utilizes semi‐structured phenomenological depth interviews to explore the role of culture in the development of trust with service providers.

Findings

Customers' direct service experiences in their native culture and in the culture where they reside (in this study the USA), as well as recommendations from others appear to be the major determinants of trust. Furthermore, a customer's trust in a recommender seems to transfer over to a service provider.

Research limitations/implications

Because all informants were from one foreign culture (Korean), the findings related to primarily this group. Further generalization of these findings should only be made after studies conducted with informants from other foreign cultures.

Practical implications

Service organizations need to offer their employees training that emphasizes strategies oriented toward building and maintaining trust with customers from different cultural backgrounds in order to better read customers from different cultural backgrounds and to effectively react to their complaints.

Originality/value

The most unique part of trust development for Koreans who have lived in the USA would be the transference process. They seem to trust service providers or service organizations based on the recommendations related to specific service categories. Once trust is established in recommenders, it seems to naturally result in a transference process (e.g. trust transference from service provider to service organization).

Details

Journal of Services Marketing, vol. 20 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0887-6045

Keywords

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