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Article
Publication date: 20 February 2019

Jing Qi, Catherine Manathunga, Michael Singh and Tracey Bunda

The purpose of this paper is to provide a micro historical account of the work of a key Chinese educational reformer, Tao Xingzhi (1891–1946), who transformed educational…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide a micro historical account of the work of a key Chinese educational reformer, Tao Xingzhi (1891–1946), who transformed educational ideas from John Dewey to effect social and cultural change in 1920s–1940s China.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper examines English and Chinese language sources, including Tao’s poetry, to present a fresh analysis of Tao’s epistemological life history. It draws upon transnational historical approaches to chart the multidirectional circulation of progressive education philosophies around the globe. It also explores some conceptual dimensions of Chinese historical thinking and historiographical strategies.

Findings

Tao Xingzhi engaged in critical intercultural knowledge exchange in implementing educational reforms in China. He blended and critiqued Chinese and Deweyian educational philosophies to create unique educational reform, which involved reversing some of Dewey’s approaches as well as adapting others.

Originality/value

This paper foregrounds Tao Xingzhi’s agency in transforming some of Dewey’s ideas in the Chinese context and challenges studies that adopt an “impact-response” approach to Tao’s contribution, which suggest a one-way flow of knowledge from a “modern” West to a “traditional” China. It brings hitherto unexplored Chinese language sources to an English-speaking audience, particularly Tao’s poetry, to gain new historical insights into Tao’s educational reforms. It contributes to transnational understandings of the multidirectional flows of knowledge about Progressive educational philosophies around the world.

Details

History of Education Review, vol. 48 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0819-8691

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Article
Publication date: 7 July 2020

Vinno Petrus Manoppo

The purpose of this research is to examining the effect of transformational leadership on work stress, organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and turnover intention…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to examining the effect of transformational leadership on work stress, organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and turnover intention, examining the effect of work stress on OCB and turnover intention and examining the effect of OCB on turnover intention.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected using the survey method, with questionnaires and data analysis were done employing the WarpPLS with two approaches. This research finds the results of this study indicate that the higher the transformational leadership, the lower the work stress will be. The positive significant relationship might be because of direction or command given by the leaders to nurses at each meeting held regularly.

Findings

The results of this study indicate that the higher transformational leadership, the lower the turnover intention will be even though it is not significant. The results of this study indicate that the higher the work stress, the lower the OCB, although not significant.

Originality/value

Previous studies have not examined the relationship of the variables mentioned above, especially in Manado where the respondents have different cultures.

Details

The TQM Journal, vol. 32 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2731

Keywords

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