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Article
Publication date: 28 March 2022

Clare Sarah Allely and Toni Wood

The purpose of this paper is to add to the relatively limited existing literature exploring the experience of individuals with autism spectrum disorder in the prison…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to add to the relatively limited existing literature exploring the experience of individuals with autism spectrum disorder in the prison environment. Prisoners with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) need to be identified in order that they are given the necessary and appropriate support and safeguards. It is increasingly recognised that, for individuals with ASD, prison can be more challenging. This can be due to ASD traits which can make problems occur in everyday life. Some of these ASD traits include: obsessions, compulsions and difficulties in communicating with others. There is increasing recognition that adults with ASD who are in prison are more vulnerable to bullying, social isolation, sexual victimisation and exploitation confrontations with other prisoners. Given this, more research is warranted in this area highlighting the specific needs and challenges of individuals with ASD in the prison.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is a case study of Mr C.T., a British Citizen, who is currently serving a life sentence (discretionary). Mr C.T. has spent more than 10 years in prison. At the time of completing the questionnaire for the present study, Mr C.T. was 51 years of age. He pled guilty to charges of lewd, indecent and libidinous practices and behaviour; making an indecent photograph contrary to s52(1)(a) of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982; and possession of indecent photographs contrary to s52(A)(1) of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982. Mr C.T. was convicted of Lewd, Indecent and Libidinous Practices and Behaviour and 2 x Civic Government (Scotland) Act, Section 52 (1) (a) and was sentenced to Life Imprisonment with a punishment part of 6 years.

Findings

The case study discussed in this paper clearly raises a number of issues and concerns that urgently need attention in our criminal justice systems.

Originality/value

There is relatively little research exploring the experiences and challenges faced by individuals with ASD. This paper will add to the existing body of research in this limited field.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2050-8824

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1990

Colin Lea

Since its early conception, the group has grown from a handful of enthusiastic engineers to the largest trade association in Europe, if not the world, for Surface Mount…

Abstract

Since its early conception, the group has grown from a handful of enthusiastic engineers to the largest trade association in Europe, if not the world, for Surface Mount. As in previous years, SMART will be arranging Seminars, Hands‐on Workshops and Open Forums, giving valuable knowledge for those just entering or those already experienced in SMT. Open forums allow the opportunity for the exchange of information on a variety of different topics, building experience in the technology which would otherwise be unobtainable.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1995

Ian Rogerson

The dedicatee of this Festschrift Issue is Anthony J. Wood,retiring as Head of the Department of Library and Information Science ofManchester Metropolitan University. His…

165

Abstract

The dedicatee of this Festschrift Issue is Anthony J. Wood, retiring as Head of the Department of Library and Information Science of Manchester Metropolitan University. His career is reviewed by the former Librarian of Manchester Polytechnic/ Manchester Metropolitan University.

Details

Library Review, vol. 44 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1991

Tony Wood

This design‐based seminar was aimed at broadening the horizons of designers and engineers. The greatest area of cost reduction in any electronics project is in making the…

Abstract

This design‐based seminar was aimed at broadening the horizons of designers and engineers. The greatest area of cost reduction in any electronics project is in making the right choices at the conception and design phases. This seminar was one step in this direction: a piece of 1·6 mm FR‐4 is not always the best substrate to use.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

Article
Publication date: 1 July 1984

Tony Manwaring and Stephen Wood

Has the recession been a significant factor in bringing about changes in the recruitment process? Have personnel managers taken advantage of it to alter their practices…

1323

Abstract

Has the recession been a significant factor in bringing about changes in the recruitment process? Have personnel managers taken advantage of it to alter their practices, make their procedures more rigorous, sharpen up or introduce tougher criteria? Alternatively has the recession taken the pressure off managers so that they no longer need to seek new and more effective ways of recruiting?

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 11 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

Book part
Publication date: 16 September 2020

Toni Wood

Academic literature portrays prison officers in various ways: as insensitive figures lurking in the background (Cohen & Taylor, 1972), as brutes prone to violence…

Abstract

Academic literature portrays prison officers in various ways: as insensitive figures lurking in the background (Cohen & Taylor, 1972), as brutes prone to violence (Kauffman, 1988) or more positively as noble people struggling to get the job done as best as they could (Thomas, 1972). Traditionally, the role of the prison officer is overshadowed by stereotypical views of male officers being uneducated, brutish and insensitive (Crawley, 2004a). Officers were traditionally recruited to the service from a military background, an environment that is as structured and disciplined as the working conditions in the prison service. Women have worked in the prison service for many years, although historically they were confined to administration roles and were in the main, invisible. After the passing of Peel's Gaol Act (1823), only female officers could work in women's prisons, and male governors were replaced with matrons. At the time, it was felt that female demureness, good temper and compassion would rub off on the female prisoners and that reformed prisoners would emulate their behaviour (Zedner, 1991).

In England and Wales, there is a growing body of literature related to prison officers (Arnold, 2005; Crawley, 2004a; Liebling & Price, 2001; Liebling, Price, & Shefer, 2011; Tait, 2008); however, none of this is dedicated to female prison officers. Arguably, this could be due to the fact that the profession has traditionally been recognised as a male occupation, and therefore the prison officer literature has been dominated by the thoughts and actions of men. Consequently, we know little of female prison officers' experiences of working in male-dominated, masculine organisations. In particular, we know very little about female prison officers' perspectives on gender-specific issues, such as pregnancy and motherhood while working in these institutions, either on their own or the women prisoners they work with. Drawing on qualitative research in a women's prison, this chapter will focus on female prison officers as mothers and their roles and relationships with women in prison who are also mothers. The chapter will explore how gendered experiences such as pregnancy, miscarriage, child birth and child-rearing (of both the officers and women prisoners) can create unique emotional burdens for some female officers, impacting their working role, home life and relationships with the women they work with. The chapter will go on to illustrate the ways in which these female officers manage or mismanage their emotions whilst presenting as professional in this male-dominated workplace.

Details

Mothering from the Inside
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-344-0

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1995

Shelagh Fisher and Tony Oulton

The DECIMAL project is a two‐year programme of research andtechnical investigation towards the development of a decision supportmodule for integrated library systems…

704

Abstract

The DECIMAL project is a two‐year programme of research and technical investigation towards the development of a decision support module for integrated library systems. Describes the results of the research phase of the project. Examines the significance of performance measurement and other non‐numeric information sources as input to the decision‐making process in a range of small to medium‐sized libraries.

Article
Publication date: 23 August 2011

Reviews the latest management developments across the globe and pinpoints practical implications from cutting‐edge research and case studies.

1174

Abstract

Purpose

Reviews the latest management developments across the globe and pinpoints practical implications from cutting‐edge research and case studies.

Design/methodology/approach

This briefing is prepared by an independent writer who adds their own impartial comments and places the articles in context.

Findings

Wars and rumors of war, plagues, disasters, floods and famines, economic crises: is it any wonder that many people view the future with trepidation, if not downright fear? The argument that major climate change is not anthropogenic has largely been discounted, but whatever the causes, the effects are only too obvious. This is very bad news for human populations and also for the commercial organizations that sustain communities. Industries that are critically dependent on natural resources and operate within narrow climactic conditions such as agriculture, the fishing industry, forestry and tourism may be among the first to experience the adverse effects of climate change. However, power, transportation, housing and financial sectors will also be severely compromised by predicted global changes. Add to this the human psychological and social unrest leading to unstable governments, conflict and population displacement and the picture looks even grimmer. Interestingly, much has been written about how industry effects climate but a quick scan of business literature reveals little discussion about how climate change will affect industry.

Practical implications

Provides strategic insights and practical thinking that have influenced some of the world's leading organizations.

Originality/value

Provides an easily accessible summary of relevant business concepts and presents them in a fresh way.

Details

Strategic Direction, vol. 27 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0258-0543

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1986

The old year has gone, leaving its trail of never‐to‐be‐forgotten memories of strife and turbulence, calamity, disaster, and a huge burden of worries for us to face in the…

175

Abstract

The old year has gone, leaving its trail of never‐to‐be‐forgotten memories of strife and turbulence, calamity, disaster, and a huge burden of worries for us to face in the New Year. Few if any will not be deeply grateful to see the passing of 1985. Except for the periods of calm there cannot be a year within living memory to equal it in terms of violence, unparalleled in times of “peace”, collosal in terms of soaring social and public expenditure and financial loss, and in disasters in the world beyond the shores of these islands. It would not be an exaggeration to state that the enormous indebtedness which the year has heaped upon the people will never be wiped off, and it has got to be done mainly by those innocent of any misconduct, and their descendants. The unprecedented scale of street and community violence, the looting, thieving and general crime committed behind the screen of it.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 88 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 16 September 2020

Abstract

Details

Mothering from the Inside
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-344-0

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