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Authenticity & Tourism
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78754-817-6

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Alain Decrop and Julie Masset

This chapter offers a deeper understanding of the symbols and meanings attached to tourists’ special possessions as well as of the functions they fulfill in contemporary…

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This chapter offers a deeper understanding of the symbols and meanings attached to tourists’ special possessions as well as of the functions they fulfill in contemporary consumption. Nineteen informants have been interviewed and observed at home in a naturalistic interpretive perspective. Interview transcripts, field notes, and pictorial material were analyzed and interpreted through the grounded theory approach. This results in a new typology of symbolic souvenirs including touristic trinkets, destination stereotypes, paper mementoes, and picked-up objects. Such a typology relates to four major functions souvenirs may fulfill in terms of meanings and identity construction, that is, categorization, self-expression, connectedness, and self-creation.

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Tourists’ Behaviors and Evaluations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-172-5

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An Introduction to the Law and Economics of Environmental Policy: Issues in Institutional Design
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-888-0

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An Introduction to the Law and Economics of Environmental Policy: Issues in Institutional Design
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-888-0

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An Introduction to the Law and Economics of Environmental Policy: Issues in Institutional Design
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-888-0

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Andreas Kontoleon, Richard Macrory and Timothy Swanson

The paper focuses on the question of the extent to which individual preference-based values are suitable in guiding environmental policy and damage assessment decisions…

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The paper focuses on the question of the extent to which individual preference-based values are suitable in guiding environmental policy and damage assessment decisions. Three criteria for “suitableness” are reviewed: conceptual, moral and legal. Their discussion suggests that: (i) the concept of economic value as applied to environmental resources is a meaningful concept based on the notion of trade-off; (ii) the limitations of the moral foundations of cost-benefit analysis do not invalidate its use as a procedure for guiding environmental decision making; (iii) the input of individual preferences into damage assessment is compatible with the basic foundations of tort law; (iv) using individual preference-based methods provides incentives for efficient levels of due care; (v) determining standing is still very contentious for various categories of users as well as for aggregating non-use values. Overall, the discussion suggests that the use of preference-based approaches in both the policy and legal arenas is warranted provided that they are accurately applied, their limitations are openly acknowledged and they assume an information-providing rather than a determinative role.

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An Introduction to the Law and Economics of Environmental Policy: Issues in Institutional Design
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-888-0

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Abstract

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An Introduction to the Law and Economics of Environmental Policy: Issues in Institutional Design
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-888-0

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part

Constantia Anastasiadou and Samantha Vettese

Mass-market production of souvenirs, their disposability and their mixed up, interpretive styling may detach the tourist from the actual experience. Conversely, it is the…

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Mass-market production of souvenirs, their disposability and their mixed up, interpretive styling may detach the tourist from the actual experience. Conversely, it is the personal relationship that is formed between the tourist and the souvenir that makes the object authentic. The personalization of souvenirs, through 3D printing, offers opportunities for a different approach to manufacturing that influences notions of authenticity. In this way, it is possible to escape the serial reproduction of culture, engage tourists in the creation of meaning, and (re)frame the connections among them, their visited places, and their souvenirs. This chapter considers how the personalization of souvenirs through 3D printing technologies challenges and redefines existing notions of authenticity in touristic consumption.

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Authenticity & Tourism
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78754-817-6

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Timothy Swanson and Robin Mason

The problem of intentional environmental harms is discussed as the combined consequence of limited liability laws and specific capital structures. When the conditions are…

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The problem of intentional environmental harms is discussed as the combined consequence of limited liability laws and specific capital structures. When the conditions are “right”, then the option of planned liquidation is optimal for certain types of firms. These firms are typified by capital structures that make it easy for them to engage in “hit and run” strategies on their industries, i.e. they operate with the intention of early exit. When this is the case it can be demonstrated that mandatory insurance forms of institutions are inadequate to the regulation of this particular problem. It is necessary to engage some manner of continuous monitoring institution, capable of observing and identifying when the capital structure of the firm begins to resemble those that would choose to engage in strategic liquidation. The paper concludes by stating that it might be possible to introduce private sector (bonding) institutions that perform this function, but it is more likely that a combination of public and private sector institutions will be able to best undertake the combined monitoring/insurance role that this requires. In short, the paper recommends that the public sector should have the obligation to monitor/audit all limited liability institutions for the existence of the pre-conditions for “looting” behaviour, and then to charge these firms for limited liability in order to cover the costs of the monitoring. In this way the costs of incorporation would be raised sufficiently to render the worst forms of looting unlikely from the outset.

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An Introduction to the Law and Economics of Environmental Policy: Issues in Institutional Design
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-888-0

To view the access options for this content please click here

Abstract

Details

An Introduction to the Law and Economics of Environmental Policy: Issues in Institutional Design
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-888-0

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