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Book part
Publication date: 25 October 2014

Tim Loreman, Chris Forlin, Dianne Chambers, Umesh Sharma and Joanne Deppeler

This chapter provides an overview of inclusive education, specifically examining conceptualisations of inclusive education and some of the models used to frame an…

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview of inclusive education, specifically examining conceptualisations of inclusive education and some of the models used to frame an evaluation of the practice. While international human rights agreements, covenants and legislation provide definitions that focus on equity, access, opportunity and rights, inclusive education continues to lack a tight conceptual focus that may contribute to its misconception and often confused practices. In the absence of a unified definition of what inclusion is, attempts to measure or compare such a complex equity issue are challenging. Some promising models do, however, exist and are explored in this chapter.

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Measuring Inclusive Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-146-6

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Book part
Publication date: 25 October 2014

Tim Loreman, Chris Forlin and Umesh Sharma

This chapter reviews the international literature in order to support ongoing international development work on indicators for measuring inclusive education. Building on…

Abstract

This chapter reviews the international literature in order to support ongoing international development work on indicators for measuring inclusive education. Building on previous work in this area, this chapter outlines 13 themes in the international literature that should be considered in the development of a set of indicators for measuring inclusive education and has produced one extra thematic area for consideration.

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Measuring Inclusive Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-146-6

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Book part
Publication date: 26 November 2015

Tim Loreman

This chapter provides a discussion of Roger Slee and Julie Allan’s 2001 article “Excluding the included: A reconsideration of inclusive education” published in…

Abstract

This chapter provides a discussion of Roger Slee and Julie Allan’s 2001 article “Excluding the included: A reconsideration of inclusive education” published in International Studies in Sociology of Education. “Excluding the included” is a salient example of the influential work of these two scholars, threads of which can be found throughout their prior and following work, and in the work of other scholars in the area. The importance of the work and its ongoing impact on the field of inclusive education is discussed.

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Foundations of Inclusive Education Research
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-416-4

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Book part
Publication date: 16 September 2014

Tim Loreman

This chapter provides an overview of special education in Canada, with specific reference to historical and modern trends and practices. Information regarding demographic…

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This chapter provides an overview of special education in Canada, with specific reference to historical and modern trends and practices. Information regarding demographic trends, legislation and policy, contentious issues, Provincial differences, school and classroom practices, teacher education and professional development, and family involvement are outlined. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the ongoing challenges faced by education jurisdictions in Canada with respect to special education.

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Special Education International Perspectives: Practices Across the Globe
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-096-4

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Book part
Publication date: 18 January 2021

Janka Goldan, Jennifer Lambrecht and Tim Loreman

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Resourcing Inclusive Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80043-456-1

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Book part
Publication date: 18 January 2021

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Resourcing Inclusive Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80043-456-1

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Book part
Publication date: 18 January 2021

Umesh Sharma and Samantha Vlcek

This chapter reports on how funding is used in general education schools around the world to facilitate inclusive education. While research has established the importance…

Abstract

This chapter reports on how funding is used in general education schools around the world to facilitate inclusive education. While research has established the importance of inclusive education and investigated the diverse funding models employed in different global regions, this narrative review reports on how funding is operationalized at the school and classroom level to achieve the goals of inclusive education. Results indicate funding is commonly allocated to in-service professional learning programmes, resource acquisition, and purposefully tailored supplementary programmes for students with specific educational needs. This chapter outlines recommendations for researchers and policymakers in developing new ways of funding inclusive practices.

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Resourcing Inclusive Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80043-456-1

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To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 25 October 2014

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Measuring Inclusive Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-146-6

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 26 November 2015

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Inclusive Pedagogy Across the Curriculum
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-647-8

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Book part
Publication date: 18 January 2021

Marie Gitschthaler, Julia Kast, Rupert Corazza and Susanne Schwab

Even though the progress in creating inclusive learning environments varies across different countries, the implementation of inclusive education systems can clearly be…

Abstract

Even though the progress in creating inclusive learning environments varies across different countries, the implementation of inclusive education systems can clearly be considered a European shared policy goal. However, there is still a lack of both a clear definition of inclusive education and indicators on the provision of necessary resources in order to implement a high-quality inclusive school system. In the presented study, we aimed to shed light on how teachers who work at different schools in Austria perceive the resources provided to them in order to realize high-quality inclusive education. Furthermore, the study searched for factors, which influence teachers' subjective perception of resources, like years of work experience or the number of students in a classroom. To assess teachers' perception of resources, a revised version of the Perception of Resources Questionnaire (PRQ) developed by Goldan and Schwab (2018) was used focussing on three dimensions: human resources, material resources and spatial resources. The results generally indicate that teachers feel ambivalent or have a somewhat positive perception of available resources. In line with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) principles of inclusive education ‘each according to his needs’, we argue that it is not possible to clarify what ‘adequate resources’ might be. The creation of an inclusive learning environment requires considerable effort, and the degree of pedagogical support should be decisive for the allocation of resources. This can only be evaluated if the main learning barriers for each student are identified.

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